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About The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 26, 1902)
POWERS EXPECT .tfOOBEVEtT TO
, -SETTLE T-ROUBLE.
3IFIICULTY JtEARiKG AH END
'Certainty ht Venezuelan Prob-
lems Will Be Solved In the Near
Future Through the Medium of Ar
titration. WASHINGTON. President Roosei
h volt has proposed to the allied pow
That 'tho "Venezuelan depute bo
(submitted to the arbitration of The
The powers have replied with a coun
ter proposal that President Roosevelt
himself arbitrate tHe Issue.
It an agreement Is reached on arbi
tration, tho procedure would bo for Mr.
Bowcn, representing: Venezuela as a
.plenipotentiary, to sign with the repre
sentatives of tho allies a protocol Btat-
ng that tho case Is to bo submitted to
ff arbitration; that Venezuela admits the
fight of diplomatic Intervention In bo
nalf of a claimant, a principle she has
always resisted, and that the details of
tho arbitration shall bo arranged in a
formal treaty, which 8he pledges her
self to sign, This treaty Will provide
In the greatest dotalls for the security
of foreign Interests against vexatious
and oxtortlonato interference on tho
part of tho Venezuelan government
hereafter, and will insuro tho adminis
tration of exact JiiBtice in .the -settlement
of claims, and especially 'will It
relievo foreign residents of Vonozuela
from forced loans and persecution in
itlmes of revolutions.
The status of the arbitration nego
tiations, as disclosed at the State de
partment, was that the jpowers were
waiting for an answer irom tho presl
dent to tho proposal that he himself
undertook to arbitrate the Venezuelan
difficulty. Tho president's answer can
only be guessed, .for the officials de
ellne to express nny opinion of their
own. However, It is believed to be a
safe prcdlation tthat he will renew his
suggestion that the case be submitted
to The Hague tribunal, adding to tho
argument ho has already produced, the
; uact tne umtcu states Jiavmg claims
of its own against Venezuela to the
amount of about $100,000, is a party in
Interest, .and lwould'be unfair to put
the president jln the position of having
tto arbitrate his own claim. For their
part, tho powers bring against The
Hague proposition tho argument that
.President Castro would feel lightly
bound by any declsion'by that tribunal,
but would bo 'certain to heed a judg
ment rendered by President Roosevelt,
It 1b said ut the State department that
no matter how these two propositions
nro disposed or, there Will bo no back
ward stop, and that an agreement of
some kind, which will bring about a
j peaceable settlement of the Venezuelan
trouble will result from the present negotiations.
"30ME ARBITRATION DETAILS.
'Responses from Interested Govern
iments Regarding Settlement
WASHINGTON. Secretary Hay 1ms
ceived partial responses from the
governments of Great Britain, Ger
many and Italy respecting the pro
posal to arbitrate the Venezuelan dif
ficulties. Great Britain Is favorable to arbltra-
with proper safeguards; Germany
ppts arbitration In principle, but
a multitude) of small adjustments
made before entering Into tho
fentj Italy, as the junior pnrt-
the allies, declares that it Is
Iblo to arbitration, hut would he
by the action of the senior
far as England is concerned the
Fuards referred to are believed to
to the question of guarantee,
cb Is lull of difficulties. In this
taectlon some consideration is
fenln given to the feasibility of re
sponsible parties assuming Tesponsi-
jlllty for any award assessed against
If this ean be arranged the United
States government will do what it
car. to reduce their risks.
Tho feeling is growing here that
Tho Hague tribunal should undertake
the case if arbitration is agreed to.
Mr. Bowen, it is reported, wishes to
come to Washington in order person
ally to effect an adjustment with the
resident ambassadors of tho allies,
but, while tho State department makes
no statement on the point, it is be
lieved that it does not regard this
plan with favor. It Is also pointed
out that In some phases the disputes
will not admit of arbitration. Such,
for instance, as the attacks on Urlt
lsL and German subjects and the Ger
man legations at Caracas, and the ar
rest of consular officers.
The United State? government In
clines to the view that there Is a dis
position to insist needlessly on guar
antees for payment of any judgment
that might be rendered by the arbitra
tors. It believes that the" force of
public opinion would absolutely Jn
aure a settlement.
"SIGNALS ARE DISREGARDED.
Collision In Which Many Lives Are
BRYON, CaV Sixteen persona were
klllod'and twenty-seven Injured in the
collision lost night between the south
bound Los Angeles "'Owl" and the
Stockton flyer. The engine of tho lo
cal plowed Its way Into the last
coaches of tho "Owl," which were
filled with Fresno people. The pas
sengors were hurled to tho fore part
of the coach and hemmed in by a
mass of debris, their suffering and
danger Intensified a hundred fold by
clouds of scalding steam that poured
from tho shattered boiler of the Stock
After the "Owl" left the: Oakland
mole It was noted that there Was a
leak In tho flue of the engine. ThlB
Increased to such an extent 'ilmt it
was deemed advisable to taao up a
freight engine for refief. Tho train
officials knew that tho Stockton lo
cal was following half an hour behind
and sent a flagman down tho track
to glvo warning.
It Is said that the Stockton train
got tho warning signal In time and
gave the UBiial response with whistle
blasts. Why the Incoming train was
not checked, however, haB not been
thus far explained, the men who could
tell being among tho badly injured,
MRS. GRANT LAID TO RE8T.
Simple and Impressive Services At
tended by Many Friends.
NEW YORK. In tho mausoleum on
Riverside Drive brief and simple ser
vices were conducted over tho remains
of Jtfra. Ulysses S. Grant In addition
to tho members of tho family there
were present among tho 500 persons to
whom -ln-vltatlons had been sent: Gov
ernor Odell, Mayor Low, Secretary
Root, Rear Admiral Barker and staff,
General James Grant WliBon, General
Gronvlllo Dodge, General Horatio King,
General Charles F. Roo and staff, Mr.
and Mrs. Andrew Carnegie, and many
federal and municipal officers and offi
cers of the army and navy stationed In
General Frederick D. Grant and
other members of the family occupied
seats overlooking the "crypt. Tho ser
vices -were conducted by Bishop E. G.
Andrews of the Methodist Episcopal
church and the Right Rev. Alexander
Mackay E. Smith, bishop coadjutor ot
Pennsylvania, and opened with tho
hymn, "Lead, Kindly Light," after
which tho burial services of the Metho-
dlst Episcopal and the Protestant Epls
copal churches were read. The services
were clospd with tho reading of a
poem, The Land Beyond the Sea,"
which had been a favorite of Mrs,
Grant, and the singing of the hymn.
"Ahlde With Me."
GIVES CREDIT TO THE MAN.
"Golden Rule" Jones Talks About
CHICAGO "Theodore Roosevelt is
a man greater than the government
he represents. While the govern
ment of the United States was unablo
to restore peace In tho anthracite re
gion, Roosevelt, not as president, but
as a man, suggested a rational way
to settle the trouble. The man tri
umphed and the problem was solved."
Thus spoke "Golden Rule" Jones,
mayor of Toledo, O., before the Chi
cago Peace society Sunday. Ho
sought to Bhow that force of arms
was futile, that it was inexcusable and
that killing in battle was murder.
DESTITUTION IS APPALLING.
Four Hundred Thousand Flnlanders
ST. PETERSBURG Four hundred
thousand persons axe reported to bo
destitute and starving as a result of
the crop failure In Finland. The Anglo-American
church hero has under
taken to feed and clothe the school
children of four Finnish parishes, and
Pastor Francis has Issued an appeal
for assistance In this work. He Bays
the conditions today are worse than
those of 18G7, when 100,000 persons
WASHINGTON The senate on
Wednesday passed the pension appro
priation bill without discussion, It
carried f 139,847,00. An urgent defl
clency bill was also passed. The
amount carried by this bill Is $1,148,
400, and Includes an item of $500,000
to enable the secretary of agriculture
to stamp out the foot and mouth dis
ease, which has become epidemic In
the New England states.
Jury Convicts Brlbero.
ST, LOUIS The joint trial of five
former members of the house of dele
gates on charges of bribery, which be
gan on Tuesday, ended Friday night
in a sentence of five years for each
man. The defendants, John A. Sher
idan, Charles J. Denny, Charles Gutke,
Edmund Bersch and T. E. Albright,
after hearing the verdict, filed motions
for a new trial' and were released on
CONGRESS CALLED ON FOR NEW
COMPETITION OF RAILWAYS
Combination of Interests Consolidates
Management In Individual Hands
The Result is Disastrous to Public
WASHINGTON. Tho tendency to
combine continues the most significant
feature of railway development, ac
cording to the annual report of tho
Interstate Commerce commission,
ust Issued. The report says:
N "It Is not open to question that tho
competition between railroad carriers,
which formerly prevailed, haB been
lately suppressed or at least brought
to tho condition ot cffcctlvo restraint,
v"Tho progress of consolidation, In
one, form or another, will nt no dis
tant day confine this competition with
in narrow and unimportant limits, be
cause the control of most railroad
properties will bo merged In a fow In
dividuals, whoso combination inter
ests Impel them to act in concert.
"While this will Insure, as prob
ably nothing else can, In equal de
gree, tho observance of published
tariffs, and so measurably remove
somo of tho evils -which the act was
designed to prevent, the resulting sit
uation Involves consequences to tho
public which claim tho most serious
"A law which might have answered
tho purpose when competition was re
lied upon to secure reasonable rates
Is demonstrably Inadequate when that
competition Is displaced by the most
far-reaching and powerful combina
tion. "Somo great change In the condi
tions calls for a corresponding change
in the regulation of the Btatute."
The commission reaffirms Its rec
ommendtalons for amending tho in
terstate commerce law and urges tho
grave necessity for legislation.
The report says that the fact that
no convictions have yet been obtain
ed nor Indictments found In the rases
of tho roads which were shown by an
Investigation last winter to bo given
secret rates to grain shippers, em
phasizes the fact that tho criminal
provisions of tho present interstate
law aro practically a dead letter.
The commission says that the effect
of injunctions to compel roads to ob
Bervo published tarlffB has been to
materially advance the rates actually
received by the carrier and paid by
the shipper and that their operation
enables advances, whtch otherwise
might not be mode.
But while tho producer will un
doubtedly pay from now on from 5
to 7 cents per 100 pounds more to
transport grain from the field to its
destination than he paid before these
Injunctions took effect, that must not
bo regarded as an argument against
the Injunctions. There ought to bo
some power to compel tho carriers
to maintain the published rate and
to publish a fair and reasonable rate.
OEWEY CABLES FLEET ORDERS.
Advises the Navy Department Where
Ships Will Go for Christmas.
WASHINGTON The navy depart
ment has received a cablegram from
Admiral Dewey announcing tho pro
prosed itinerary of tho vessels of his
fleet during tho Christmas holidays.
Admiral Dewey's cablegram, dated
San Juan, December 14, Is to this ef
fect: ''Proposed itinerary of vessels for
Christmas holidays: Kearsarge, Ala
bama, Massachusetts, Iowa, Scorpion,
Trinidad, Illinois, Indiana, to St Thom
as; Texas, to Polnt-a-Petrle; Chicago,
New York, Eagle, to Curacoa; San
Francisco, Albany, Wasp, to Maya
guez; Cincinnati, Atlanta, Prairie, tugs
and torpedo boats, to San Juan; Cul
goa, to Mayaguez. and San Juan;
Olympla, Nashville and Machias, to St.
Kilts; Detroit, to Antigua; Mayflower
and Vixen, to Porto Rlcan waters and
vicinity, and Dolphin, to Antigua and
After Deserting Husbands.
While speaking of his proposed bill
for tho imprisonment of all husbands
who aro found guilty of deserting their
wives and families, Chief Donahue of
Omaha stated Friday that he had plac
ed tho measure In the hands of a mem
ber of the state legislature and that
it would be carefully investigated also
by the members of the state board of
corrections and charities. The chief
has received a letter from Frank W.
Bryant of North Platte, In which tho
writer states that the measure as tiro
posed by the Omaha chief is one that
should be given the Bupport of the
legislature and that the residents in
that vicinity are in accord with It
Vanderbllt Is Improving.
NEW YORK CornelluB Vanderbllt's
condition showed considerable im
provement Sunday, there being a re
duction of 1 degree In his tempera
ture during the evening hours. He
rested well throughout the day.
CANADA LOOKS TO AMERICA.
Seeks to Learn Fresh Lessons from
This Great Ropubllc.
NEW YORK Tho sixth annual din
nor of tho Canadian society of Now
York was given nt Delmonlco'a Friday
night Dr. Jamca Douglas, president
of tho society, presided, and among tho
guests were Sir Frederick W. Borden,
K. C. M. G., minister of militia and
defenso of tho Dominion of Canada;
Colgate Hoyt, president of tho Ohio
society; W. A. Hlgginbolham, presi
dent of tho Canadian club or Philadel
phia, and Sir Percy Sanderson, British
Tho first toasts woro "Tho Prcsl
dent" and "Tho King." after which
followed others to "Cannda" and tho
Sir Frederick Borden, in speaking
on "-Canada," said:
"I Bay In all frankness that wo up
there In Canada thank tho pcoplo of
tho United Stntes for teaching us self
reliance. Wo also want to always
havo friendly rivalry. You hear a
great deal said aB to what Is to bo tho
final destiny ot Canada. Wo aro abso
lutely satlflcd with our prosent posi
tion. We intend going along on tho
lines we havo followed for some time,
and we think the best friend wo havo
to help UB Is thlB country.
"I believe in tho Monroo doctrlno
and when It was promulgated tho lead
ing British statesmen approved It. Tho
Monroo doctrlno Is a good thing fof
our country, and Is a guarantee against
coercion and oppression. It is as
much in favor of Canadian Integrity
as it Is for the protection of any oth
er portion of tho American continent"
CARACAS IS IMPREGNABLE.
Venezuela Could Put 400,000 Men In
PARIS. M. Thlesse, formerly min
ister of Franco to Venezuela, who ne
gotiated tho convention of 1885 and
who hns lived many years in Vono
zuela, hns been Interviewed concern
ing the situation there. Ho said:
"Venezuela can put 400,000 men in
the field, and even foreigners there
are liable for military service. The
regular Venezuela army numbers only
10,000. A number of tho younger of
ficers received their education in tho
military schools of Franco and Ger
many. The Venezuelans are armed
with Martini and Remington rifles
and have a few -Maxim and Krupp
guns. They have no cavalry. Caracas
is almost Impregnable, owing to tho
fact that It la situated on the other
Bide ot a mountain rango about 6,000
feet high. These mountains rango
are Impassable except by steep mule
paths, where twenty men could stop
a whole regiment. There Is a rail
road from La Quayra to Caracas, but
the destruction of a single bridge
would rendor the lino useless. If, by a
miracle, Caracas was taken, tho Ven
ezuelans would wage a guerilla war
faro, as they did against Spain."
BEEF TRUST CA8E REVIVED.
Arguments Are Renewed Before Judge
Grosscup In U. 8. Court
CHICAGO Tho noted "beef trust"
caBO wob again revived Tuesday in ar
guments beforo Judgo Grosscup in tho
United States circuit court.
In tho demurrer which was filed in
August tho packers asserted that tho
bill for an Injunction was "multifar
ious" and did not refer to any offense
constituting a violation ot tho United
States statutes with sufficient particu
larity. John S. Miller representing ttio
packers, declared that tho bill did not
allege any restraint of interstate or
foreign commorco and that tho ship
ment of commodities by tho packers
to their agents in any state did not
constitute interstate commerce.
Tho acta of the packers, he said,
were In furtherance of trado rather
than in icstralnt.
Vote on a Co-Operative Plan.
PITTSBURG. Notice has been re.
ceived at the office of the Amalgamat
ed Association of Iron, Steel and Tin
Wprkors from the Republic Iron and
Steel company that a plan for making
the workmen In these plants stock
holders in tho company will be pre
sonted to the next convention at Co
lumbus, O. Plans aro now being con
sidered by which the puddlers and
finishers employed 'in tho mills of this
company can become stockholders,
and it is probable the schemo will be
ratified by the convention. The offi
cials of the Republic Iron and Steel
company have decided that If tho
plan Is adopted tho men will be given
representation on the board ot direct
France Wants the Money.
LIMA, Peru The French legation
here presented to tho Peruvian gov
ernment on November 8 a claim for
SIG.071,940 In favor of the Dreyfus
brothers of Paris in accordance with
the finding of the Lausanne court of
arbitration. Up to the present time
the government has made no reply
to the presentation of this claim, and
It is probable that the French lega
tion tomorrow will reiterate Its re
quest for a settlement in stronger language.
MR. RICHARDS CONFIDENT OF A
A CONFERENCE WITH PRESIDENT
Senators Millard and Dietrich Present
ed the Delegation of Cattle1 Growers
to the President Moeby Likely to Be
Relieved of Duty In Nebraska.
WASHINGTON. Bartlctt Richards,
representative of tho Cattlo Growers'
arsoclntion ot Nebraska, who has boon
in Washington for tho past ton dnys
looking after tho interests ot tho cat
tlemen, so far as national legislation
Is concerned, left tor Coronndo, Cnl.,
Thursday. Beforo leaving Jor tho
west Mr. Richards said:
'I am greatly oncournged In believ
ing we will secure Borne Bart of legis
lation permitting the lousing of public
lands during tho present nesslon of
congress. I havo outlined n hill, which
was submitted to tho Nebraska delega
tion last night, and to a representative
of tho government, and I havo reanon
to bellovo that tho president and sec
retary ot tho Interior will glVo tho
measure their support. I anticipate
that there will bo a united delegation
from Nebraska In its favor, and I am
confldont that Chairman Lncey of tho
public land commltteo of tho house
will also will also lend his assistance.
Tho Btatcs contiguous to Nebraska aro
interested in the schemo of making
the bill apply only to Nebraska, and
they wntch with much interest tho
manner of its working out. Of course,
I do not pretend to say that tho
schemo as proposed is the best that
can bo devised. I do say, howover, it
1b tho fairest measure yet presented
and safeguards the Interests of tho
government nnd tho cattlemen. Tho
bill in all probability will not bo Intro,
duccd until nttor tho holiday recess,
but after that time you can look for
Bomo tall hustling on tho part of tho
cuttle growers of Nobraska to bring
about its passage,"
Senators Dietrich and Millard pre
sented tho delegation of cattlo groworB,
headed by Bartlctt Richards, to tho
presldont today. They went over tho
bill which will probably bo known as
the "community ot interest" bill, with
tho chief executive and it is Inferred
that Mr. Richards' expression In re
gard to having tho support of tho ad
ministration grow out of the talk had
with Mr. Roosevelt Later tho delega
tion called at tho Interior department,
but failed to see Secretary Hitchcock.
They left n copy of the bill agreed
ULon at last night's conferenco and
stated they would return to tho, city
early In January to press action on
It was stated about the Interior de
partment that the varlouB kickB made
against Colonol Mosby were bearing
fruit and that In all probability ho
would bo relieved of duty in Ne
braska and sent to Wyoming.
The president has let It bo known
that he will pormlt no Improper or il
legal encroachment upon government
lands and tho Interior department is
acting along that line.
W, G. Comstock of Alnsworth, Neb.,
and Daniel Hill of Gordon, who came
with Mr. Richards to Washington in
the interests of tho leasing proposition,
left for Now York stato to visit rel
atives. 8eeks Information.
CHICAGO. Tho agricultural prog
ress of tho United States and tho work
of the American farmer aro being not
ed by tho German government, which
is taking special interest in the sub
ject for tho coming year. According
to information received by Dr. Wal
ther Wever, the Gorman consul here,
Chicago has been chosen by tho Ger
man government as tho center ot
operations of tho experts' bureau dur
ing tho coming year. Heretofore there
has been an agricultural expert con
nected with tho embassy at Washing
ton nnd one also In New York city.
An order has been made which trans
fers the bureau from New York to
Rounding Up Ladrones.
MANILA. The roundup of La.
drones In Rlsll province is proceeding.
A large force of constabulary is in
the field and the Manila police aro co
operating with It. They aro cordon
ing the north part of tho city to pre
vent tho Ladroues entering. The
United States fleet Is assembled for
the evolutions which are to commence
tc morrow and continue for a fort
night. They will consist largely In
landing tactics and the seizure, forti
fying and supplying of a naval base
on the west coast of Luzon, near Su
blg. The battleship Kentucky Is here
and the Oregon is expected daily.
Sultan's Troops Hemmed In.
MADRID A dispatch from Tan
glers, Morocco, says the commander of
tho Imperial forces has informed the
sultan that his troops are completely
hemmed In bv the. rebels, that they
are unable to advance or retreat and
that bis hitherto loyal tribes are join
ing the forces ot the pretender to the
Called at Lincoln, Nebraska, Jan.
There will bo a mooting held at
Lincoln, Nebraska, Jan. 22nd, 1903,
at 2 o'clock p. m In University hall,
lit tho interest of and for tho purpose
of advancing tho Farmora Coopera
tive Grain nnd Live Stock associa
tion and extending its usefulness in
Nebraska. All farmers and others
Interested in extending tho work of
tho association and In tho building of
FarmorB' Co-Oporntlvo elovators are
rcquoBted to attend and take pflrt in
tho meeting. Wo recommend that
farmers nnd shippers meet at tho
various shipping stations of No
braska nnd send roprcscntat'ves or
delegates to this meeting. All per
sons Intorestod in tho success of tho
co-operative movement and desiring,
information regarding tho samo are
cordially Invited. James Butler,
manager of tho Contrnl association
and othor speakers from Kansas will
nddress the mooting. Reduced rates
havo been granted by all railroads lit
tho state, Ask for them tyhen huy
Ing your ticket.
THE FARMERS' GRAlk ASS'N, ot
D. W. BAKER, Pres.
E. E. WATTS, Scc'y.
THE FARMERS' GRAIN ASS'N, ot
R. B. PRICE PreB-.
T. O. PRATHER, Sec'y.
THE FARMERS' BUSINESS ASS'N,
of Shelby, Neb.
H. THELEN, Pres.
H. H. HEWITT, Scc'y.
Answers Gorman Demands.
CARACAS Tho Venezuelan answer
to Germany's ultimatum has Just been
mado public. In part it is as follows:'
"Tho Venezuelan government Is un
able to discover in Its correspondence
a single sentenco offensive in tone.
"With regard to tho publication of
tho note of March 8, 1001, marked
'confidential:' This noto lost its confi
dential character through the publica
tion of a memorandum by the German
ambassador to the United' States la
which was Incorporated tho noto la
"Regarding tho other points, each of
which comes within a certain law, it
is only necessary to call your attention1
to the abnormal circumstances which'
havo paralyzed any course of action
relating to theso matters. Tho Vene-"
zuolan government Is now considering
tho appointment ot a fiscal agent ,
"Tho imperial government dcslrea
that Venezuela Immediately satisfy the
claims arising from tho civil war and
that other matters bo arbitrated.
"The Venezuelan govornmont traly.
awaits the time when tho work ot
pacification, in which it is earnestly
engaged, shall permit It to Ibsuo an!
order re-establishing public credit)
The claims arising out of tho present
war, which still devastates the rcpub
11c, will bo treated with all Justice
under tho laws to he passed to coven;
"Upon the special command of my!
government I refrain from replying to
that part of your noto which relates'
to joint action on tho part ot Gor
many nnd tho United Kingdom, ji
power liko Venezuela, which is in need!
of no stimulus to causo it to fulfill
its legal obligations to its utmost abil
ity, can never expect any courso ou
action which shall not conform to thej
principles of mutual respect and tho
rules of reciprocal cordiality.
"R. LOPEZ BARALT, i
1 "Minister of Foreign Affairs."
LONDON LOOKS ACROSS WATER.
English Statesmen Want Roosevelt as
LONDON It is belloved that Presi
dent Roosevelt's answer to the pro
posal mado by the allied powers that
he arbitrate the Venezuelan issues
has been received in London. Tho
strictest secrecy with regard to ov
ery phase of the negotiations is pre
served, however, and It is impossible
to make a definite statement, but sucn!
indications as are obtainable point to
President Roosevelt's acceptance.
With President Roosevelt aa arbU
trator tho serious objections in tho
matter of guarantees which frequently
have been mentioned at the foreign
office would disappear.
Tho promptness with which Wash
ington deals with vital matters con
cernlng which prolix pouparlers havo
been interchanged In Europe aston
ishes diplomats here and forms an in
teresting phase of an engrosslr situ
ation. Statehood Report Is Out
WASHINGTON The testimony
taken by tho sub-committee of the
senate committee on territcries on the
house omnibus statehood bill has been"
printed as a senate document and was
made public Monday night It makes
a book of 394 pages, with maps, aa4
includes quotations and answers ot
many people examined with reference)
to the size, population, resource
schools and churches, business, moral
and other characteristics of the pe
pie of the three proposed states, W
miscellaneous Information. ' '
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