The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922, December 26, 1902, Image 6

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Japan m Lanz Rising Sun.
A Land of Opposltes, Where all Things are
Done on The Contrary Plan.
i . n i i i - 'i r- r -
Facts Stranger Than Fiction. Where Laughter Prevails and White
Is Worn at Funerals. AMI Ladles wear Neither Hats or
Bonnets. Ani Clothing a Hindrance.
Japan has been called "The Pearl of
the East," "The Diamond of Asia,"
and "Tim Landbf tlio Rising Sun," but
I would call It "The Land of Oppo
aitca." In America weeping Is noticed at
funeral services, here laughtef prevails
when a loved one passes away and dur'
Ing the fuueral service. When a man
steps down street to notlly the people
of the death of his son, daughter or
parents, he laughs as If he were telling
good news, but it Is his way of mourn
ing. The corpse is placed in a sitting
posturo with his head bent forward,
and the, law forbids the burial taking
place within twenty-four hours of death.
Here women wear neither hats nor
bonnets and, after miles of travel on
the streets of Tokyo, I bcliove 1 am
safe in asserting that half of the men
arc hatless and further do not own
hats because they are regarded as
superfluous. The Japanese have re
duced the absence of clothing to an art,
the police finding it difficult to keep
nude pedestriuns ofl the streets. All
the port cities now require that some
' clothing bo worn, but I have seen mul
titudes of all ages and descriptions,
whose photographs would not pass
muster at a Parisian art exhibit.
Here pedestrians turn to the left in
passing their fellows. Those not ac
customed to it usually collide with
nearly every person as a collision is
inevitable when two persons try to pass
the same track.
It is the fashion for married women
to blacken their teeth to indicate that
they are married and to prevent men
from falling in love with them while
American women use every effort to
kcop them white. I nm glad to an
nounce that the fashion of blacking the
teeth is loosing ground though a com
mon sight.
When a distinguished official passes
through the streets on state occasions,
no one is permitted to be on the second
floor of any building along the street
traversed as it is a criminal offense to
look down upon a gentleman of high
authority. Not only must one be on a
level, but the bow must reach to the
ground n the god in human form pass
es along, In Japan politeness has gone
to seed. The other day while waiting
for a train at Skiagawa, I tossed a half
peuny among some little tots. The
mother of the child that secured the
coin bowed in a manner that would
make a beggar in America feel himself
a king, and the little fellow marched
out and bowed. A frenchman cannot
equal a Japancs in bowing.
The day I arrived in Yokohama, I
was invited to the dedicatory service
of the new building for the girls school
under the monagement of the Women's
Foreign Missionary society. , There
politeness seemed to me to be overdone.
The uncounted bows there indulged in
were a complete surprise to me. When
introduced, those Japanese girls bowed
in a way I shall not undertake to de
scribe. A biograph is the only machine
that will do the subject justice. Just
oetoro ttic service began, three young
ladies entered and found three vacant
seats, but all stood in the aisle each
bowing to the other as it was a breech
oKetiauette for either to co first with-
farf-J ..
6w indicating by multitudiuos bows
lat the others should precede.
The one that bows the lowest and
longest is considered the most polite,
so they tried themselves, being in the
ceuter of a large audience. Often ten
minutes is thus consumed in formality,
and when it is all over the one nearest
the entrance to the pew precedes as if
nothing had happend, when in fact
nothing but foolishness had taken place.
After the dedicatory service, the ladies
served luncheon in the dining hall,
whore further opportunity was given to
study things Japanese. In the after
noon I accepted an invitation to speak
to the students of the Anglo-Japanese
school in the assembly hall. This was
the most novel experience. I stood up
on the platform with the interpreter by
my side. I would speak from three to
five sentences; then my sentences would
be put into Japnese and spoken as
rapidly as I had originally delivered
them, The internerter being quite ex
pert, having donew6rk of the kind for
twenty-three years, 'vas able to let me
speak for five minutes at a time during
the latter part of my address, then take
the floor and report every sentence and
with oratorical rapidity and inflection.
While "entertained at the home of
Rev. Dr. Julius Soner, I was the re
cipient of an invitation to attend a for
mal Japanese tea to be given by the
ladies of the Tokyo Anglo-Jnpncse Col
lege. I went at the hour appointed.
A young lady met me at the door, es
corted mo through the hall to the re
ception room door where the real for
matity began, She was sent to the
door wearing American shoes so that
alio might remove a little ot my cmbar
assment by sitting upon the floor with
mo and removing her shoes as I re
moved mine. Ordinarily Japnese wear
nothing In the way of shoes except the
soles fastened to the feet by bands
passing between the first and second
toes. The shoes removed, we wero
ushered into a room where ten young
ladies were sitting shoeless upon the
floor in a semi-circle. By moving in
either direction a space was left for me
almost in the center, where I bade
good bye to American customs and
took my place upon the well matted
floor. There 1 was upon tho floor in
my pulpit suit and no shoes with five
young ladies dressed in tea gowns on
cither side, the hostess in one corner
of the room, sitting as she busied her
self, after my reception, in preparing
to servo herguests with what is beyond
the range of description. Before her
was ncr cnarcoai hrc, and various
utensils for preparing and serving. It
was arranged that my position should,
be between two students who had been
studying cnglish for several years, and
could explain the program as it pro-,
grossed, thereby preventing me from
multiplying oiunucrs. unc person is
serveu at n time, aim tnc procedure is
that formal and vexatious that it re
quires two hours to dispose of a dozen
guests. Not being used to making a
cushion out of my feet, I made no effort
to prolong the function.
Japanese houses have no beds, tables
or chairs, all of which they are con
sider useless and in the way. They
sleep on the floor, sit on tho floor and
cat wherever they happen to be. Some
eat their meals as they walk the street.
When the meals are served at home,
small stands six inches high are often
provided, upon which the dish or dish
es are placed, each person having a
separate stand. Chopsticks take the
place of knives, forks and spoons, A
block of wood serves as a pillow.
Their shoes arc always left outside, we
always take ours inside, and some
Americans have been known to wear
their, allocs while they slept. Babies
are invariably carried strapped to the
mother's back like papoose's, Car
penters pull their planes to them while
Americans push, facrews turn to the
left. Saws are in ado to cut on the up
ward stroke. About the only sound or
sight that bore the American brand was
the rendition of "Marching through
Gfcogia," today on the streets of Tokyo
by a uniformed Japanese brass band.
The" next selection was "Yankee Doo
dle," They are in love with American
music, having heard our bands at Yo
kohama, enroutc to Manila.
In America young men and maidens
of ten make engagements tegardless of
the parents wishes, but here the par
ents make the arrangements without
considering or consulting the children.
Frequently the bride and groom never
see each other till the wedding day.
The more recent plan is to allow them
to meet once before the nuptial day,
and if either is displeased the negotia
tions cease. The wedding always
takes place at the home of the groom,
he providing the wedding dinner.
Japanese wear white for mourning.
Here man and wife do not walk side
by side. He precedes while she tags
along behind. He eats first, and what
is left is her's and the dog's. In Ameri
ca, the lady is served first; she is tend
ered, the best seat at the table, in the
drawing room and in the car. Here if
anyone stands it is the lady. I have
teen women enter the cars and stand
untill they saw that all the gentlemen?
were seated, tuen hnd seats among
those not taken. There were ladles ele
gantly dressed in the height of Japa
nese fashion.
Most visitors to apau agree in their
praise of Japanese women. One said,
"She is so charming that she deserves
better treatment." To this the Japa
nese replied, "it is just because she is
kept in her place that she is so charm
ing." Another said, "If this be the
result of supression and oppression,
then these are not altogether bad."
My belief is that the women are im
measurably superior to the men, (as
women usually are everywhere,) and
arc what they arc in spite of their treat
ment, Not over a tnilo from Yokohama Is a
rice plantation where I saw ladies
gathering rice. They waded nearly
knee deep in water, slush and mud, and
seemed perfectly contented. Their
brothers, no doubt, -were in tho city
pulling jinrikisha's at seven cents an
hour, when employed. My sympathy
for the girls was strong, so that I felt
like saying, "I'll help you." On longer
reflection I decided that an hour in
that slusli would prepare any Ameri
can for the hospital. Mr. McDowell,
an alumnus of Harvard college, who
accompanied me on this trip to the
country, explained that they, are pre
pared (or think they arc,) 'for such
work and exposure by taking two hot
baths daily, the water at no degrees.
The Japanese boast that they take two
hot baths daily, from the cradle to the
grave. Every city is supplied with
scores of public bath houses, some arc
free, at others a charge of one cent per
bath is made.
Men here, working on the principle
that everything should" bend to man's
will, train the pear, peach and plum
trees so that the limbs run on frames
like grape vines in America. An or
chard is a peculiar sight, no limbs
standing upright.
There arc twenty-six passenger trains
daily between Toyko and Yokohama.
I have made the trip three times and
have not seen a conductor. Everyone
is required to purchase tickets, ' which
are shown at the gate. Once through
the gate a first, second or third class
car maybe taken, according to ticket
purchased, You arc supposed to know
when your station is reached. Leav
ing the train you pass through a gate
where your ticket is taken up. A
smattering of the Japanese language is
necessary for one in order to get along
smoothly. Crossing the Pacific, I
picked up a few necessary words and
phrases by the aid of a book, assisted
by Prof. Shimoda. The word for tick
et is kii'pu, nrst ciass is joto, station
at Tokyo is siumusm. Hence a per
son at Yokohama desiring to go to Tok
yo simply says to the ticket agent,
"Shinbashi kippu joto."
Opposition to the world's customs is
found in the business realm. Here
small quantities are quoted at lower
rates than large quantities. Price ad
vances in proportion to the amount
wanted, Exporters affirm that they
are compelled to buy in small quanti
ties day after day through several per
sons in order to fill large orders as a
Japanese producer or wholesaler con
siders that a large single order indicates
that the goods arc wanted badly and a
higher price is asked. There are rare
exceptions to this rule. On the other
hand, people are advised to offer about
half what is asked for goods at various
stores and bazaars, as the offer of one
half the prico asked usually purchases
the article in question. Great praise
is due the Japanese for having stamped
out the opium trade. It is now an of
fense punishable with fine and impris
onment to be found in possession of an
opium pipe.
To the disgrace of Japan it must be
asserted that the government sanctions
the sale of women and girls into the
worst form of human slavery. Through
the efforts ot tho Salvation Army,-a de
cree was issued b'y the Mikado making
it possible for the person sold to avoid
the sale at her discretion. But the
loyalty of the girls to their parents is so
intense that they patiently endure their
term of bondage rather than cause
their parents to return the purchase
price or lose their home on account of
failure to return the cash advanced on
the sale of the daughter or wife.
It is strange, in a laud where the
principal proverb is "Never trust a
woman," that there are, broadly speak
ing, no bachelors or old maids, but di
vorce, is common. In 1899 there were
two divorces' for three marriages.
Among the grounds recognized tor
granting divorces are, disobedience,
jealousy, talking too much, and thiev
ishness. Fashions seldom change and
dresses are handed down from genera
tion to generation or till worn out.
January is the nniversal birthday in
Japan. They pay no attention to days
or months in the ages of people. Every
child born during and entire year is
one year old till January first, then it
becomes two years old. A child born
in December is two years old on Jan
uary first, when in reality, according
to American ideas, it is scarcely a
month old,
All the girls celebrate their yearly
holiday on March third, while the boys
celebrate on May fifth.
Nearly all the cats of Japan are tail
less, or have very short tails. The
peculiarity is natural. If a cat hap
pens to develop a tail it is quickly
chopped off by some one who considers
himself specially called to assist Japan
in remaining what it is to foreigners, a
ton1 f ftiirnriRftft.
j-r "t ' "v -.'-'iU'i!0i' '. '
Lockwood's Art Display
At these prices ALL can afford Beautiful Trimmings for the Home.
Our Furniture and House Furnishing stock is
in the city.
.Our "Prices and Terms" are so reasonable that
any can afford to have NICE FURNITURE.
Call and see our
of fine Furniture and Knicknacks that are arriving
daily for our Holiday trade.
After inspecting OUR Furniture closely and
OUR Prices you will readily say
"It Pays to Trade"
Japan architecture is unique. The
front of the house is usually open from
wall to wall during the day. At night
sliding or folding doors arc utilized.
The partitions, where there are any,
arc composed of light frames filled in
with paper. The vast majority of the
houses, size about 10 feet square, are
so constructed that privacy is impossi
ble and the evidences indicate that it is
comparatively unknown. Many, who
have been abroad, are adopting foreign
styles, customs and equipment, but Jt
will be years before old Japan changes
her dress entirely.
A medley of vegetable growth greets
the beholder. Beside the pine is the
bamboo; alongside the wheat field is
the rice field; in the gardens vegeta
bles are now in abundance atong with
chrysanthemums. Palms and oranges
keep each other company. In all there
are 2743 species of plants and flowers
in the Japanese register. In the for
ests of Japan, though insignificant,
there are 178 species while in all Eu
rope there are only 85 species and only
155 in Atlantic North America.
Fishing is a great industry. Besides
using nets, many use the cormorant.
The bird is held securely with a cord:
a metal ring is put around her neck so
she cannnot swallow the fish. After
her throat and neck are quite swollen
by the lodged fish, she is pulled into the
boat and relieved of her burden and
sent out again. Fisherman say that a
cormorant in this way catches for them
150 fish per hour.
There are but few horses here and
strange to say, the price is quite low.
A good horse is valued at from $10.00
to $15.00. They are not wanted be
cause they are unable to compete with
the rickisha men. The Japanese ties
his horse by roping bis front legs to
gether. He reasons that a boree will
never get away as long as his feet are
motionless while the American would
tie, not the part that runs, but the part
that eats.
Tokyo covers 100 square miles, and
has a population of 1,400,000. Its
chief hotels are the Imperial, Tokyo,
and the Club. Its chief parks, the Shi
ba, Ueno and Asakusa. Its temples
number about 800. Its chief institu
tions of learning is the Imperial Uni
versity, it being the institution of all
Japan. The Sbiba temple is called the
marvel of Japanese art and should be
visited and compared with those of
Nikko, the city of temples.
Everyone visiting Tokyo should in
clude a compass in his equipment and
be a surveyor whenever lost. The
streets evidently were laid out by a
blindfolded cuesser. There are few
side walks and, excepting the Ginza,
the principal street, the people walk or
ride in the middle of the street. Chil
dren, cats, dogs, chickens, jinrickishas,
hurrying crowds with clattering feet
shod with wood, all surge through
streets not half wide enough for an
American alley. Many of the streets
have wells taking up nearly half the
space, each well having a curbing rising
two or three feet above the level of the
street. The old fashioned balanced
long pole and lope are still in fashion.
Cook stoves are very scarce and the
good wife prepares the meal, takes it to
a public bake oven close by, for they
are numerous, pays a cent for having it
cooked, carries it home to the one who
bosses the house. He is too much of a
'$'. ,v-J- V" v -l " -',..
Takes up one Urge room to Display their
in oils, water colors and pastels.
The LATEST thing in ART is the "BURNT
makes a hit with all."
Our prices on these fc t nr tnlE nn
Pictures ranpre from P 1 LU5.uo
. Our line of Musical Instruments is
complete. Guitars, Mandolins and
Violins range in Prico from
$5 to $50.
Remember we carry in stock the
George Washburn
make of Musical Instruments.
rascal to buy a cooking outfit and
ought to be pushed into the Pacific
ocean, but she works on and dares not
grow weary, bearing her burden in a
manner that would be tolerated by an
American woman about the millionth
part of a second.
But there is hope. Christianity is
getting a footing, and where it is plant
ed conditions change for the better.
Christianity, says history, has unlocked
the fetters from woman, which explains
in tones unmistakable why so many
women are christians.
I am making a study of missions and
have found the christian home a para
dise in Japan compared with the non
christian. Let no man raise cither his
hand or his voice against missions for
the christian homes of Japan rist. in
unimpeachable testimony against him.
The difference between christian and
pagan Japan is the difference between
the brightest daylight and the blackest
darkness. The christian man and wife
go to church side by side with the little
one joyfully playing about them and all
are happy, a blessed family. The pa
gan man and wife go to the temple of
Zuddha not side by side, but she mopes
along in the rear downcast, gloomy, a
big child that ought to walk is strapped
to her back as she is only a burden
bearer and must be kept in practice
whether the child should be carried or
not. In the christian home the woman
is queen, her rightful God created po
sition. In the Japan home she is
treated lik6 a dog or even worse than
the lowest breed of American hounds.
The time is coming when the Gospel
of Jesus Christ will proclaim the eman
cipation of woman in Japan or the
knights of America and Europe will rise,
buckle on their armor and rescue their
neighboring sisters. My faith in the
former is strong and may best .be ex
pressed in the words of that eminent
schollar Dr. J. P. John who said,
"Whoever or whatever would outrun
the Gospel of Jesus Christ must meas
ure footsteps with the eternal God."
E. C. Horn.
Tokyo, Japan, Nov. 24, 1902.
Staple and
Fancy -
The Best of
Our -Prices are Right.
J as. Graham.
' --
For a Full
Line of...
That Can' t.De Real
In Town....
Tinware mna
Enameled ware
)out5 far 3a.vr
-A.ia.c tIon.eex
Will Cry Sales in This and
Adjoining Counties. . . .
On OpClXlSSIOOSr, or
Satisfaction nuaranteed. If t
you want to nay or sell ranch prop
erty, list it with me
Hemingford, Ned.
Flour i Feed.
Is Our Leader. Try It.
'PHONE 10s.
Cattle to Winter.
Wanted, cattle or horses to winter at my
ranch twenty miles northeast of Alliance.
Plenty of hay, range and water. Address
me at Rushville, or A. J. Gilbert, Moo
maw, Neb. Walter R. Kent.