The Alliance herald. (Alliance, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1902-1922, August 29, 1902, Image 2

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    - 2
Extracts Prom W.
"God bices tho optimist!" shouts tho
republican spell-binder. Well, opU
lsm ia good when It rests upon a
sound foundation; it Is bad when It
blinds one to approaching dangers. It
ts ono thine to have faith In tho ulti
mate triumph of a causo and quite an
other thing to Ignore rcaBonablo warn
ings and the lessons ot experience. Wo
don't Bay: "God bless tho man who
stumbles Into a holo without seeing It,"
or "God bless tho man who Bleeps
Whllo his houso is burning." There Is
a golden (and silver) mean between
doubt that retards healthy progress and
tho over-confldcnco that Invites cataa
trophy. Just now tho republicans nro very
optimistic; they want to "let well
enough alone." They resent any sug
gestion of reverse and scout at tho
possibility of calamity. They nro
rushing headlong into new conditions
and are leading tho country into un
tried paths. They are suro that wo
can maintain a republic hero and at
tho same tlmo administer a colony in
tho orient, unmindful of tho fact that
consistency will ultimately compel us
to adopt at home the principles which
wo defend abroad.
They aro sure that they can safely
encourage tho growth of private mo
nopolies notwithstanding tho inevita
ble tendency of man to use power for
his own selfish purposes.
They think they can permit watered
stock and fictitious capitalisation
seemingly Indifferent to the Interests
of those who must suffer from unjust
rates In order that dividends may bo
paid on stock that represents no actual
They are giving free reign to tho
financiers, indifferent to tho fact that
In all history they have never been
known to consider or conserve tho In
terests of the producing masses.
They aro allowing United States
judges to abuse tho writ of Injunction
when asked against laboring men,
whllo thoso who violate the nnti-trust
laws go free, blind to tho fact that
such discrimination makes moro an
archists than all tho speeches ever de
livered by Herr Most.
Belshazzar was optimistic up to tho
night of Babylon's fall and the repub
licans of today aro Imitating him ns
closely as possible. Theirs is tho fatal
optimism that refuses to recognize the
logic of events or to apply reason to
tho affairs of government.
Will any one bo deluded by tho hopo
hold out by somo republican news
papers that tho republican party may
bo depended upon to glvo tho peoplo
relief on the trust question or on tho
tariff question, or on other questions
In which it is to tho interest of thoso
who provide tho republican party with
"tampalgn funds to maintain present
Republican leaders cannot claim that
tho failure to provldo relief was duo
to oversigllt Democratic members of
tho houso of representatives met in
caucus on June 27, and adopted reso
lutions In which it was charged that
tho republican majority in congress
"Is dominated and controlled by thp
trusts and monopolies which have tho
great industries of our country In
their grasp." These resolutions
charged that the republican party re
fused and foiled "to bring in any meas
ure 10 suppress pie trusts or to favor
ably report any of tho numerous anti
trust bills Introduced by democratic
members during this session." Then
the democratic members resolved: '
"We favor tho Immediato passago of
a meosuro to amend tho present anti
trust law, so as more fully to protect
trado and commerce against unlawful
restraints and monopolies, and also a
measure to roduce tho duties on all
articles and commodities manufactured
and controlled or produced In tho
United States by a trust or trustB, so
as to destroy such Illegal combina
tions, and to reduce the rate of duty
on any article or commodity manufac
tured in the United States and sold In
foreign country more cheaply than in
the United States.
"Wo oppose the adjournment of con
gress until the measures mentioned
above havo been enacted Into law."
The republican congress adjourned.
The anti-trust law was not amended.
Nothing was done to moro fully pro
tect trade and commerce against un
lawful restraints and monopolies;
nothing was dono to reduce tho duties
on articles and commodities manufac
tured and controlled or produced in
tho United States by a trust or trusts,
SO OS to destroy Slich HWnl rntnlilnn.
tionB; nothing wbb done to reduce tho
rate of duty on any article or com
modity manufactured In the United
States and sold In a foreign country
more cheaply than In the United
Tho republican congress clearly
showed that tho arraignment made by
, the democratic caucus was justified.
In tho refusal of this congress to pro
vide, tho people with any of the relief
demanded, tho republican congress
provided proof, if, indeed, proof was
necessary, that tho republican party
"is dominated and controlled by the
trusts and monopolies which havo tho
great industries of our country in their
Does any wise man believe that a
party whose existence and success de
pends upon the liberality and favor of
the trusts will keep any promise it may
make the peoplo to destroy tho trusts?
Let us hope that tho new justice of
the supremo court will be an "autocrat
of the judicial table" in the same
sense that his famous and kindly pro
genitor was an "autocrat of the break
fast table."
Perhaps the harvester trust would
bo frightened to death If It knew ot
the terrible punishment inflicted upon
the beef trust
- The new harvester trust comes at
an opportune-time. It will keep the
fanners from saving enough money to
wake them plutocratic. ,
J. Bryan's Paper.
Major Glenn, who administered tho
water euro In the Philippines and who
was punished by a ridiculously light
sentenco ($G0 flno and ono month's
suspension from duty) attempts to de
fend himself, but In doing so makes a
damaging admission. The administra
tion tries to make It appear that hos
tility to American rule Is confined to
few people, but Major Glenn says that
"every man, woman and child In tho
island was an enemy." And what
method was employed for making
friends of them? The methods best
calculated to give them new reasons
for hating us. Tho following extract
from a recent interview given out by
him will glvo somo Idea of tho im
placablo animosities engendered by
imperialism and shows what must bo
expected whllo wo havo a colonial sys
tem supported by an army of invasion:
"I found very Boon nfter my arrival
in Panay that every man's hand was
against us; that every man, woman
and child In tho islands was an enemy,
and In my best judgment they are to
day, and always will be. Practically
every presldento and other official has
been playing double. Thoy organized
and wero tho active members ot secret
societies, known as the Katipunan,
etc., whose avowed objects wero to ad
vanco tho causo of 'independencia' in
any and all ways, and under this high
sounding phraso they havo mado use
of every means forbidden to them by
tho laws of war.
"These men of peace havo actually
waged war by killing straggling Amer
ican soldiers. They havo mode use of
poison In the drinks sold to American
soldiers. They havo poisoned their
arrows and the tips of their spears and
bolos, together with tho bamboo tips
placed in the deadly traps that
abounded on tho trails. They havo
hired assassins to kill those who wero
even suspected of being friendly to
the Americans, and likewise havo en
deavored to have our American officers
"They openly stated In tho Island of
Bohol that they would gladly sacrifice
twenty natives for every American
officer assassinated. They employed
corps of assassins, who, under the
namo of Ducot, Mandoducot, or San
dathan, spread death and terror In
their wake."
A Now York butcher, John Barschen,
a victim of the food trust, recently
gavo an interview to a New York
nowspaper reporter, and In ono para
graph of that interview there is some
thing pathetic. Mr. Barschen said:
"When the newspapers wero making
that great fight against tho beef trust
they succeeded in making Roosevelt
say that the ravages of tho trust must
bo stopped. But the price of beef is
higher than it ever was, and Roosevelt
has dono nothing, Knox has done noth
ing, and they never will do anything.
Nobody appears to be big enough or
strong enough or brave enough to do
the right thing." Roosevelt has dono
nothing, Knox has dono nothing; no
body appears to be big enough or
strong enough or brave enough to do
tho right thing! What a terrlblo com
mentary upon the courage, the Intel
ligence, and tho patriotism of repub
lican leaders.
The Houston Post lays Itself open
to tho charge of leso majeste by sug
gesting a very plausible explanation
for recent proceedings when it says:
"Does it not look like the administra
tion wants to bo able to say to tho
people, 'See, wo have prosecuted the
beef trust, and to tho beef trust, 'See,
we havo postponed the case till after
tho elections, and If you put up for
tho campaign fund like good repub
licans wo will drop tho case when the
elections are onco safely over?' "
It is now announced that Mr. Roose
velt will call an extra session of the
scnato on November Jl to ratify a
reciprocity treaty with Cuba, and also
a treaty which will embody tho essen
tial features of tho Piatt amendment
It Is also promised that there will bo
a bit of tariff revision after tho elec
tions. Tho elections will take place
prior to November 11. It Is significant
that every hopo held out by repub
lican leaders depends upon what tho
party will do "after the election."
Mr. Neeloy now wants the money
ho had on his person when arrested
and which was taken from him by the
federal authorities. Even tho arrogant
trusts mignt ue benefited by securing
tho uamo of the nerve food Mr. Noeley
The Tennessee democracy reaffirmed
the Kansas City platform without
dodging or equivocation, and then
turned in and won the election by 40-.
000 majority. It pays to stand squarely
for principle and adopt platforms that
can bo interpreted but one way.
The president waited until congress
adjourned before niaiung any parade
of anti-trust sentiments, and he nat
urally will wait until after the elec
tion before calling the senate into ex
tra session to consider reciprocity
When Mr. Roosevelt said that a
good soldier should be anxious t6 fight
he may have had In mind the feelings
of tho Ninth Infantry (colored) on a
certain memorablo day in 1898.
The republican campaign book de
clares that everything that has been
done against tho trusts has been done
by tbo republican party, If this Is
true the trusts are glad of It
Mr. Morgan is hustling to get his
shipping trust all ready to receive the
shipping subsidy bounty he expects to
secure after he has elected the proper
Kinu oi a congress.
By refusing to arbitrate and enjoin
ing others from feeding the striking
miners the anthracite mine owners ex
pect to solve the problem.
Democratic Congressional Chairman
Gets After the Republican Leader
by Means of the "Deadly Parallell"
Policy of "8cuttle."
Chairman Griggs of tho Democratic
Congressional committee has sprung
:ho deadly parallel on Chairman Unb
lock of tho Republican Congressional
iommitteo on tho trust question. "I
will let Mr. Babcock answer Mr. Bab
:ock on tho great trust lssuo of this
jampalgn," said Chairman Griggs,
and ho submitted tho following:
Mr, Babcock In
Wisconsin In 1901
'I maintain that
It la part of tltc pol
icy of protection to
protect the consum
er. "We enn to-day
produce and under
sell tho world. Bhnll
wo continue a tariff
on articles that are.
In fact, articles of
oxport7 If Con
Kress maintains a
tariff on such arti
cles, tho whole the
ory of protection
falls to the ground,
and It simply In
ures to tho benefit
of those who may
secure the control
of any such com
modity, since by Its
nld they can fix ex
orbitant prices in
the domestic mar
ket. How can such
a policy be defend-
Chairman Bab
cock on July 29, 1902
"I observo that
tho Democrats havo
already dropped
their Philippine is
sue, as it was
prophesied they
would. It was too
hot a proposition
for them to hold
close to their bon
oms. Their attack
on tho army miser
ably failed. All
they have now out
side of their old
financial heresies
for issues are tho
trusts and tho ta
riff. "The Republican
party Is ready to
meet them on the
question of trusts
and tho tariff.
"Tho tariff is an
issue we gladly es
pouse. With every
body at work,v ev
erybody with
money, and clothes
and food, and
enough money left
over to have some
Mr. Babcock In
Washington Post,
September 21, 1B01
"One of thn rmlntn
which Impressed
kind of a good time
on; with prosperity
on every hand, the
result of Republi
can policies, we are
not afraid to ask
the country to con
tinue the Republi
can party in power
in order that those
mo or me desirabil
ity of reviving the
steel schedule was
inrormatlop I ob
tained In Scotland
Of thn nlnplnr nt tin
order for 20,000 tons
or American steel.
When you ston in
iiuntt mat tfJ.ouo
tons of steel means
moro than 1.000 car
loads, It will not do
to say that such an
order placed abroad
by our manufactur
ers Is only tholr
surplus product."
Feb. 4, 1802
"From now on I
am groin to push
tho tariff plan at
every possible op
portunity. I am go
ing to take advan
tai;o of every possi
ble opening. The
bill Is going to be
pressed every time
'he smallest chance
iftcrs, and I am not
going to let any
thing go by.
"It the bill ever
...i -.. . r- - -
policies may be
continued In effect
"The efforts of
the Democrats to
make an Issue out
of the allegation
that manufacturers
are selling goods
cheaper abroad
than at home will
fall Hat. What If
it were true that
thoy were dolus so?
It Is a rule of trade
that surplus prod
ucts must not be
dumped on to the
home market to de
moralise It, but
must be sold In an
outside market. A
jobbing house in
this country desir
ing to close out a
surplus stack would
not unload It in its
own territory,
breaking down
prices, but would
try to sell It in the
other fellow's terri
tory. Tho possibil
ity of thus dispos
ing of surplus prod
ucts enables the
American manufac
turer to run his
mills all the year
round without hav
ing to shut down
two or three
months. His men
are kept at Work
und wages aro cir
culated through his
section just that
much more In the
year than If he had
been com polled,
when ho had sup
plied his own mar
ket, to close down
his mill. That rule
of trade will ope
rate always."
gets before the
House, it will pass
llV ftlTAA trt MnM
nnd It will get be
fore the House.
"I don't care
whether he (Payne)
takes tho duty off
lumber or tint-
That Is n threat
mai nas no terrors
fni TTIA Tho ...AM.
-. ...w. a.iuv nun i
hurt Wisconsin. The
people who are go
ing to make trouble
if tho duty is taken
off lumber live in
Pennsylvania and
"Nobody out our
way la going to bo
worried by the tak
ing off of that duty.
It would have been
taken out of the
OIngley tariff, when
that bill was
passed, if it had
been passed by
"Hero it will bo Been," said Chair
man Griggs, "that the Republican
chairman reverses himself and re
plies fully and completely to his In
terview. His first interview was a
declaration of war. His last Is tho
white flag of surrender. Ia this tho
'acuttlo' policy of which wo have
heard so much? Will tho friends of
the tariff over reform it, except In
tho Interest of trusts?"
Republican Congress Refused to Pass
, a Law to Prevent It
At the last session of Congress a
bill was Introduced under tho title
"to define conspiracies." It was drawn
by an attorney for tho American Fed
eration of Labor and was Intended to
prevent government by injunction.
The Democratic members of the Judi
ciary committee were unanimous for
tho All but Mr. Llttlefleld, a Repub
lican, who is said to be selected by
President Roosevelt to lead the fight
against the trusts, was opposed to
tho bill and mado a long report
against it This Indirectly shows that
tho President is not heartily In sym
pathy with tho striking coal miners
or ho would not select a lieutenant
who opposed romodlal legislation that
was fraught with so great consequen
ces to laboring men and especially tho
striking miners. In splto of tho op
position of Jdr. Llttlefleld and othoVs,
tho bill passed tho Houso but corpora
tion Influcnco was too powerful In tho
Sonato and It was laid aside. Tho
Democrats of both Houses woro
anxious to pass this bill and it was
a Borry day for tho striking coal,
miners when their efforts wero de
feated by tho Republicans.
In telling of tho injunction cam
paign now, going on in West Virginia
agalnBt the strikers' rights, tho Now
York Journal says:
"Ono moro crime has been added
to tho catalogue.
"Judge Jackson by his injunctions
mado it a punishablo offence to ask
a coal minor to Join a labor union,
and now Judge Keller, another West
Virginia Jurist, has issued Injunctions
forbidding tho establishment of Btriko
camps, which aro established In com
ncctlon with tho purchaso and distri
bution of food for the striking miners.
"Tho law-breaking railroads, which
ralno cool illegally and in dcflanco of
their charters, aro to be congratulated
on tho presence on tho bench of two
such convenient Justices as these.
"If they do not win tho Btrlke, it
will not bo tho fault of Judge Jackson
and Judge Keller.
"Tho splendid resnonso of tho imlon
conference In tho matter of strike
benefits mado it impossible for tho
coal operators to carry out their ben
cflclent scheme of starving tho miners
Into abandoning their union, so this
injunction, directed at tho leaders of
tho National Executive Committee
and others charged with tho duty ot
providing supplies for tho men who
are out on Btriko, comes along in tho
very nick of time.
"Tho oncroachment on the liberty
of tho minors is greater with every
example of this misuse of the power
of tho Federal Injunction." And then
after describing the old penal laws
of England that punished a man who
refused to work at the prevailing rate,
tho Journal goes on to say:
"It was from this condition of slav
ery that labor unions rescued tho men
who do the world's work.
"Tho Injunction principle would
bind tho hands of labor and make It
absolutely dependant on the gener
osity of employers.
"It is not for tho law to Bay that
men shall not Join unions for theli
mutual benefit, or that they shall not
endeavor to get others to Join thorn
or that they shall not form camps oi
do anything else that Is not In Itself
unlawful, and when tho law Is turned
and bent tomake these things crlmi'
nal, to tho end that some man or set
of men may hire workers cheaply,
thero Is engendered a contempt foi
laws that may not always be confined
to the Judge-made rulings.
"Tho progress of labor has been
over the wrecks of Just such obstacles
as these, and It is absurd to suppose
that this progress can bo halted now
The injunctions of Judge Jackson and
Judgo Keller will never becomo pro
cedents. Whether they aro sustained
for tho present or not, they will soon
bo overruled by tho court of publk
opinion, against tho decisions oi
which no injustice can stand In a fret
The Administration's Bluff.
That much vaunted temporary In
junction which Mr. Roosevelt and hit
Attorney General obtained against
the beef trust does not seem to have
had much effect, for It Is reported
that tho combine Is about to advance
prices again. But then tho injunction
only restrained the members of tht
combino from consulting together and
Joining in any action they might
take. What a farce this administra
tlon attempt to control the trusts it
any way. If Mr. Roosevelt reall
wants to bring tho trusts to theii
knees, the anti-trust law points the
way to do It, by prosecuting them un
der the criminal section.
No man yet was so high up that
his wife couldn't call him down.
The brilliancy of many a Boclcty
leader depends largely upon her Jewo!
Anarchy Must
By Hon. J. H. Bromwell, of Ohio.
nE doctrine of Anarchy Is
TI In unclenn and Impure surroundings, is liable to spread and
I embrace the good nnd puro ns tral as the filthy and unclean.
I Born In countries which give to their people few or no po-.
lltlcnl or social rights, n revolt Against unlimited tyranny on tno
part ot rulers, It does not discriminate between such governments
nnd thoso In which the people themselves mako and execute their
laws' and enjoy the fullest measure of liberty.
Its aim Is not to correct tho evils of government, but to de-
itroy nil government It would not only reform abuses, but It would
flo away with the virtues and benefits of all good government and
society It would bring social chnos upon tho world and would reduce
humnu society to a condition where mere brute force would reign tri
umphant Tho theory on which governments have been Instituted among men Is,
not that they might conduce to tho power or wealth of the few luto whose
hnnds the execution ot their powers Bhnll pass, but that they are for tho
protection of tho great masses of the people; thnt tho combined power of tho
many shall counteract tho Influence of tho few.
From this theory of society nil existing governments hnve been evolved,
and nil nro equnlly Interested' in tho suppression of a doctrine which aims nt
ihelr destruction without discrimination as to tho measure of liberty which
Ihcy enjoy or the grade of civilization to which they have advanced.
No country In the world is moro seriously Interested In this subject than
aur own, for no country has more to lose and none has less occasion for
focial upheaval than ours. Thus far Anarchy has obtained but little foot
hold hero; but with tho almost unlimited license to speak and print which
wo have taught ourselves to believe is the constitutional right of every cltl
ten, we are furnishing a fertile soil In which this deadly plant may tako
root and grow and bear Its fruit
Anarchy should bo stamped out ns wo would stamp out yellow fever ot
the plague; it should be crushed as we crush the head of a dangerous rep
tile, and no Executive need fear to enforce with stringency the laws which
may be passed, because he will have behind him and supporting him the
oractically unanimous sentiment of the country.
& J&
What Credit is Based On.
By O. S. Marden.
ANY young men, beginning a business career for themselves,
make tho mistake of supposing that financial credit Is based
wholly upon properly or capital. They do not understand that
character and reliability, combined with aptitude of one's busi
ness nnd a disposition to work hard, are far more important
assets to have than millions of dollars. The young fellow who
sir wt NIK
begins by sweeping out the store, and finally becomes a clerk, manager or
superintendent by his energy and reliability of character does not usually1
find It difficult to secure credit to start In business for himself. On the
other hnud, Jobbing houses aro not inclined to advance credit to the mnn
who, though he may have inherited a fortune, hns shown no capacity for
business, and is of doubtful character.
The young men who start for themselves, on a smnll scale, are moro
energetic, work harder, are moro alert re quicker to appreciate the chances
of he market and ore more polite and willing than those with large capital,
The credttmen In jobbing houses nro very quick, as a rule, to see the sucj
ccssful qualities In prospective buyers, and seldom make a mistake of what
sredlt is safe to extend. t ,.. ..
The New Southwesterner,
A Practical Man Who Will Not Fight.
By Ray Stannard Baker in the Century.
HE time hns now come to Introduce the new Southwesterner,
indeed, the new Westerner, for ho has como alike to the North
and to the South, and he Is setting himself to the gigantic task
of overthrowing tho old, wanton Westerner and saving what
he can from the wreck. Tho new man call him rancher or1
farmer hns not come suddenly. In some sections he hns been,
at work for years In parts of Texas, where he Is protected by
i .i comparatively favorable land laws, since the early eighties; lq
Tt others he Is Just arriving; but he has been strong enough .only
T witnin tne last lew yenrs to exert any pcrccpuuie jnuuv.uv:v. no
evolutionary changes nro ever sharply defined; advancement in tho result of
many Inextricably overlapping Influences. The buffalo-hunter overlapped
the cow-boy, the cow-boy overlaps tho sheepman and the goatman, and all
three have overlapped the new rancher. The miner has always been pres
ent. Jnck, the cow-boy, is still powerful on the range, together with the
old careless life he represents so well; but he has had his fling; the time Is
near when he will Bhoot up a town or rope a constable for the last time,
Aud the man who follows him Is quite a different person not bo plcturesquo
by a long way, not so carelessly free, a person whom Jack despises with all
his big, warm, foolish heart, and dreads with all his unpractical head. For,
Mr. Brown is from Kansas or Is it Wisconsin? a practical, unpoetic man,
who wears suspenders and a derby bat, whoso rear pocket bulges to no
six-shooter. He Is wholly without respect to the range boundaries -set by,
honorable custom; he looks up his rights in a calfskin law-book, and seta
down his expenditures in a small red book, so that he cun tell at the end of tho
year how much he has made or lost One of his chief weapons is the barbed
wire fence, which he strings ruthlessly along the rivers or around his leased
school land, where cattle once roamed free. Kill him, and be done with lt
but next day comes Mr. Smith, from Ohio, and with him Mr. John Doe, of
Boston, doing the same despicable things, as Jack sees them. Is there no
end of themV Aud killing, unfortunately, grows unpopular even dangerous.
What is to be done with men who won't flght?
&r 2? &
Scientific Ignorance
About Volcanoes
By Professor Robert T. Hill,
of the U. S. Geological Survey.
HUB ONCERNING volcanoes and volcanic action there is n vnst
amount to bo learned, and the honorable scientific man will
always frankly say, "I do not know," when confronted with
ranny of tho queries iropouuded to him. It is generally pre
sumed that the cause of volcanic action is the meeting of
water with the hot magma below tho immediate surface of
tho earth, causing explosions wherobj vents aro opened through which the
Dot magma forces Its wny to the surface through its power of expansion.
But the nature of that great unexplored magma of tho earth's interior
is to-day one of the profoundust aud least solved problems concerning our
globe. i
The scientific man just now Js confronted with the question of sympa
thetic volcanic outbreaks nt widely distant points, but ho can no more ex
plain this mysterious coincidence thun can tho youngest born child in its
cradle. Weak in his knowledge of the birth of volcanoes, deficient in suffi
cient data concerning their habits aud action, It is utterly impossible for
Idm to prognosticate with certainly their future behavior.
Tho object of every scientific man who recently visited Martlnque and
St Vincent was to collect data whereby ho could derive 6ome knowledgo of
tho laws of the phenomena, and yep they were obliged t depend for their
Information largely upon the testimony of eyewitnesses who had never
been a scientific book.
These volcanoes presented mnny phenomena hitherto unobserved, and It
will require months of careful study and deduction before the causo of the
outbreak can be stated.
It has been published In the papers that vast tidal waves were to be ex
pected; that some of tbo islands were In danger of presenting more serious
outbreaks tbnn Telee; that tho present: eruptions may be forerunners of
approaching cataclysms which would annihilate the Island.
The writer must confess that he cannot see any ground for such proph
ecies and In tho history of these Islands, which havo been built up to their
present great heights by the ejection of debris such as accompanied the
present explosion, there is nothing to create such fears.
The vents of Pelee nnd St Vincent are the same which were opened be
fore ColumbUB came, and from which time nnd ognln similar eruptions to
those of the present have come. The wounds are open and healthfully siin
purattBg; why, then, Bbould we predict that the patient will die?
Stamped Out &
like rf Joul plague which, being bred
. ij