Dakota County herald. (Dakota City, Neb.) 1891-1965, April 14, 1911, Image 1

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VOL. 19.
WO. M.
"lames Break Out In Engine House at
Foot of Shaft and Men and Boys
Are Imprisoned In Tunnel Where
They Suffocate.
8ranton, Pa. Caught like rats in a
trap, without a moment's warning, 60
men and boyij perished Friday In a
coal mine flro In the Pancoast colliery
at Throop, three miles from this city.
Owing to the presence of volumes
of smoke and deadly gases, the res
cuers were unable to recover the
bodies until several hours after the
fire broke out.
The cause of the disaster was a fire
whloh broke out in the engine house
at the foot of the shaft An alarm
was sent to the miners and all the
men except those working In the
,Dunmoro vein were able to make
their way out Heavy, thick smoke
arising from the burning engine house
waa swept back into the workings
toward the tunnel where 60 men were
at work. They were caught behind
this heavy wall of smoke with no
means of escape left them.
Aa the smoke drifted further back
Into the lower vein the men are bo
Uevcd to have been driven back to
the end of the workings. Several
times rescue parties made efforts to
penetrate the wall of smoke close to
the engine house after the flames had
been extinguished, but the task was
too dangerous and difficult. The men
who tried to make progress through
the smoke came back choking and
with their eyes running water. The
carpenter force was hurriedly called
out and they with a small army of
volunteers started to work sending
all the available air into the lower
When the newB of the disaster had
spread to the city and surroundlhg
boroughs tho crowd at the mouth of
the shaft multiplied many times and
the Throop police found It necessary
to swear in special deputies to aid
them In keeping order. When a move
was made to clear a passage from the
shaft to the mine office there was
considerable difficulty, on account of
the determination of the crowd to
stay closo to the shaft
Rescue parties from the govern
ment reljer station at Wilkesbarro
and from the Lackawanna and Lehigh
Valley Coal companies were dis
patched to tho Pancoast mine and
only for the use of perfected safety
devices by these parties, tho fate of
the entombed men would not yet be
Banner, Ala. An official statement
given out here Sunday says that 120
men were killed by Saturday's explo
sion in tho Banner coal mines.
They Include two white and three
negro free men and ill negro and 12
white convicts. But ten bodies have
been recovered. Relief work was In
terfered with by many rescuers being
overcome by black damp and having
to be dragged out.
The Banner mines are in tho west
ern part of Jefferson county. They
are owned by tho Pratt Consolidated
Coal company .and aro worked by
convicts, hired from the various coun
ties through tho state.
Tho explosion came at 6:40 a. m. It
Is believed powder set fire to dUBt As
the fan was destroyed, black damp
quickly spread over the mine.
CotonsI Declares He la Not an Asptr
ant for Presidency or Any
Other Offle.
8p"vano, Wash. Theodore Roose
velt made his first public declaration
regarding his possible candidacy for
the presidency at a luncheon given In
his honor Saturday by the Commercial
"I am not an aspirant for anything
because I have had everything," he
said. "No other man alive has had
I don't know whether I ought to use
this simile In tho presence of the
chaplain, but I am going to take
chances no other man alive has had
such a good run for his money."
The colonel declared he was making
his western tour for no other purpose
than to thank tho peoplo who elected
him to the presidency.
Mrs. Ella Wilson Will Become Chle.
Executive of Hunnewell, Kan.
City Council Yields.
Hunnewell, Kan. It now ap
pears that MrB. Ella Wilson will be
mayor of this town after all. She was
given her certificate of election, and
this evening, it is promised, she will
bo sworn into office. Tho oity coun
cil yielded to the city attorney and
acknowledged Mrs. Wilson victor.
Loses 8ult; Cancels Naturalization.
Olympla, Wash. Disgusted because
he lost a justlco court suit in Seattlo
against tho Northern Pacific railroad,
P. Cotterill, who was born in England,
had his naturalization papers can
celed and ho left Olympla Sat
urday. Blind Woman Die In Fire.
Cleveland, O. Two persons, one a
blind woman, lost their Uvea and
three others were Injured when the
residence of Henry Marston was de
stroyed by Ore Saturday
"jxJSt WJ'PwirouT ny MAY I ) r
v .jix i ir i m - ii n fiiiii
ygy.y Wrr-IXean iijd s
dmltted Receiving $1,000 From Lee
Wilson In Bathroom of Southern
Hotel, But Said He Did Not Know
It Was for His Vote.
St. Louis. Michael S. Link, former
member of the Illinois legislature,
who was indicted by a Chicago grand
Jury for perjury and turned Htate's
evidence in the Investigation of the
election of United States Senator
William Lorlmer, was discovered by
his wife early Monday morning dead
In a bathtub In his home at Mitchell,
It was at first supposed that he had
committed suicide, but an examination
of the body showed that he had been
stricken with heart disease.
Link had been affected with heart
trouble since the strain of his indict
ment by the Cook county grand Jury
May 6, 1910. He worried over tho
disgrace that attended his connection
with tho "bathroom" Jackpot Incident
at tho Southern hotel In St. Louis July
10. 1909.
Mr. and Mrs. Link celobratod their
twentieth wedding nnnlversary April
2, and nt that tlmo tho former lawma
ker predicted ho would die suddenly.
Mr. Link was born near Glllesplo,
111., April 13, 1858.
Link is the second former member
of the Illinois legislature Involved In
tho Lorlmer scandal to be overtaken
by death. The first was Charles S.
Luke of Nashville, whoso namo was
brought into the affair after his death.
Link always took the situation seri
ously. Link had been the comic figure in
tho tragedy which was staged with tho
trial of Representative Leo O'Nell
Browne. Link had been seen in St.
Louis at tho time former Representa
tive Charles A. White, the confessed
bribe taker, declares certain men
were called thoro by Representative
Robert E. Wilson to get their sharo of
the Forty-sixth general assembly
"Jackpot." The charge w.i3 that Link
had received $1,000 for his voto for
Lorlmer. He was summoned to Chi
cago and put under a grilling cross
examination by State's Attorney Way
man. He denied that ho had received
any money nnd told tho same story
before the grand jury.
To frighten Mm an indictment for
perjury was voted against him. Link
cried loudly that ho wished to get
home to his wlfo and went before tho
grand Jury and confessed that ho had
received tho money. When tho case
of Browne came to trial, however,
Link declared on tho witness stand
that ho had never been asked to voto
for Lorlmer, that no promlso of monoy
had been made to him if ho would so
vote and that It was paid to him after
the fight was over without any expla
nation from Browne.
Call Gaynor In Crime Wave Probe.
New York. Mayor Gaynor, among
other city officials, will bo subpoonaod
as a witness before the grand jury in
the "crlmo wave" investigation, ac
cording to announcements mado In
tho press Friday.
Two Die In Suicide Pact
Aurora, 111. A husband and wlfo
were killed at Maiden, 111., Monday on
tho Burlington rallroud in what ap
pears to have been a sulcido pact
Thoy were struck by an east-bound
passenger train and Instantly klllod.
Tho couple aro Mr. and Mrs. Thomas
Moore, thirty and thirty-eight years old
respectively, They aro believed to be
residents of Chicago who had become
stranded in one of the small towns
near Mendota. The couplo deliberate
ly stood In the middle of the track and
allowed themselves to be hit
Forecasts Activity In Senate Reci
procity, Tariff Revision and State
hood Measures on Schedule.
Washington. From n reliable
and authentic source It has been
learned that tho plans for legislation
formulated by tho Democratic ma-
jorlty In the house Indicated that tho I
nepuuuean senate wu; soon nave sev
eral Important measures bofore it for
its consideration.
The definite outline, subject to
further caucus ratification, lists as fol
lows tho order of legislation to be
pushed forward by the ways and
meant) committee as soon as tho
house organization is completed:
Popular elections of United States
Publicity before elections of cam
paign contributions.
Statehood for Arizona and New
Canadian reciprocity.
Revision of schedule K tho wool
schedule of the Payne-AIdrlch bill.
Revision of tho cotton schedule.
Beyond this the present program
does not extend, other tariff matters
and general subjects being left for
further consideration, dependent a
great deal upon tlmo.
It also practically haB been decided
that tho Canadian reciprocity bill to
bo brought forward by Chairmon Un
derwood will bo almost an exact dupli
cate of the McCall bill. It will carry
no tariff rider.
Leading Democrats when asked
whnt they would do If the senate Im
mediately passed tho Canadian reci
procity bill and then indicated its
readiness to adjourn, declared that the
houso would not adjourn. The Demo
cratic leaders expressed confidence
that the president would not exercise
his authority to adjourn the extraordi
nary session should a dispute arise
between the two houses of congress
over adjournment
Coasting Ship Iroquois Founders Off
Coal Island, B. C Eleven Per
sons Are 8avsd.
Victoria, B. O. Twenty lives woro
lost when tho steamer Iroquois foun
dered off Coal Island early Monday.
Five bodies have been recovered, In
cluding thoso of the fireman, stoward,
a Chinese cook and two passengers,
unidentified. Out of tho ship's com
pany of 19 passengers and crow of
12, four passengers and seven of tho
crew were dhvhI
Tho Iroquois was a wooden Btcnmcr
of 120 tons, built In British Columbia
ten years ago and owned and com
manded by Captain Sears.
Valentine Rush, In Flat Car, Lowers
World's Record by 238 Miles at
Los Angeles.
Los Angeles, Cal. Tho first
24-hour raco ever held on a speed
way was brought to a successful end
when tho Fiat car, with Valentino
Rush at tho whocl, had covered 1,491
miles, breaking tho former world's 24
hour record of 1,253 miles by 238
miles. Tho Cadillac wns second with
a score of 1,443 mileB, and tho Colo
third with 1,219 miles.
Holds Reciprocity May Go On.
Washington. The customs court in
a decision Monday bold in offott that
the so-called "favored nation" claubo
In the existing commercial trcatlos
with England, Franco and Germany
does not restrict tho United States in
effecting tho proposed reciprocity
agreement with Canada.
Taft 8ends In Fisher Nomination.
Washington. President Taft formal
ly sent to tho senate Monday tho nom
ination of Walter L. Fisher of Chicago
to be secretary of the interior.
M.1M 111
As Chairman of Democratic Caucus Ha
Will Name Stearins Body to Fill
Committee Vacancies.
Washington. Senator Thomas 8,
Martin of Virginia, the "progr
aive" candidate, waa elected mi
nority leader of the senate by a
voto of 21 to 10 over Senator Shlvely
of Indiana, tho radical candidate.
As chairman of tho Democratic cau
cus and leader or tho minority Senator
Martin will name a steering commit
which will fill committco vacancies,
assign new members to places and re
port its action to a future caucus for
approval or. diBsent
Only tho most deflnlto and reas
suring pledges of fair treatment for
tho new sonators, an acknowledgment
of their represent j character as
Senator Martin of Virginia
members of their party, their right to
assignment to important committees
and to bo consulted in the manage
ment of party uffairs in tho upper
house, prevented tho caucus from end
ing in bad blood.
Martin was chosen, after a ballot
was cast, receiving 21 votea and Shlvo
ly of Indiana 16, with three sonators
absent. This was the first time with
in the pant 16 years nt least that a bal
lot was required to dotermlne the
chairmanship of the caucus and Sena
tor Bacon expressed the hope It
would bo the last Martin was nomi
nated by Clarke of Arkansas and
Shively by JohnlW. Kern. Among the
16 men, 'all claimed as progressive
Democrats who voted for Shlvoly as
against Martin, was Senator O'Oor
Four-Time Mayor o Cleveland Dies at
His Home From Cirrhosis
of Liver.
Clevelnnd, O. Tom L. Johnson, four
times mayor of Cleveland and former
congressman from this district, dlod
Monday night In his flf ty-soi enth year.
He had been near death for five
dayB. Up to a week ago the former
mayor had insisted that ho would get
well and again bo a candidate for may
or of Clevoland, but finally he saw his
hope waa futile and, after bidding old
friends and former political associates
farewell, he resigned himself to death.
That Mr Johnson sacrificed his life
for his principles is certain. Ho had
beqn nlllng from cirrhosis of tho liver
for years and was told by tho physi
cians that ho must quit active work
for awhile and take troatment but be
was In tho midst of his fight for throo
cent fare and refused to Btop. Finally,
beaten in his fifth fight for mayor, ho
yielded to illness and went to New
York for treatment, but It was too
'resident Taft to Appoint Former Gov.
ernor of Wisconsin as Minister
to Bogota.
Washington. Jamos O. David
Bon, recently governor of Wiscon
sin, is soon to bo appointed by Presi
dent Tuft to a high diplomatic position
In South America, probably that of
United States minister at Bogota, Uni
ted States of Colombia. This is a post
that pays a salary of $10,000 a year.
Whether Minister Northcott, now at
Bogota, will retire from the diplomatic
service or be sent to anothor post Is
not known at present
Men, W.omen and Children Perish In
Flames In Thatched Structure
at Bombay,
Bombay. Two hundrod men,
women and children woro burnod
to death in n fire which destroyed a
thatched structuro In which they hnd
gathered for a festival. Flvo hundred
persons wero in tho building whon
tho Hro broke out. Thoro was only
ono exit nnd an indescrlbablo panle
Given Twenty Years for Murder.
Danvlllo, 111. Tho Jury In tho case
against Fred O. Garner, charged with
tho murder of Mrs. Elsio Cochrane,
returned a verdict of guilty Monday
and llxod his punishment at 20 years
In tho penitentiary.
Chinese Troops Rebel at Canton.
Iindon. Northern Chlnoso troop
stationed at Canton mutinied Monday
bocauso they woro cMBSatisflod ovor tho
action of tho nrlnco regent In nroolalm.
Jng himself commander-in-chief of the
Final Day Continues Four Rays, the
Clock Having Been Stopped on
April 6th.
Tho Thirty-second legislature of
Nebraska came to its formal close at
3:42 o'clock Monday afternoon when
a motion to adjourn sine die was
made in tho house by Quackonbuah
nnd In tho sonato by Skllos. At a
mattor of fact Quackonbuah was not
even In tho stnto houso whon his mo
tion was read but ho had been given
tho honor nnd his wrltton motion had
boon in tho clerk's hands nil day.
In tho morning it was agrood that
the formal hour for adjournment
should bo 11:50 o'clock Thursday,
April C. Tho Skllos motion reads as
"Tho hour of 11:50 having now ar
rived nnd tho sonato and houso hav
ing heretofore ngreod upon final ad
journment at this hour, to-wlt, April
6, 1911, at 11:50 p. in., I now move
that wo adjourn sine die."
The clock stood nt 10:15 as It has
stood since the rccoss was taken
Thursday night and tho rocords nnd
journals show only one long day from
that tlmo to Mondny.
In tho houso tho nudlcnco enter
taining the final motion and wntchlng
tho last bills slgnod consisted of Mem
bers Sink, Liver, Eggonbergor, Har
rington, W. Z. Taylor, Mockott, McKls
elck, Crossman and tho speaker.
In tho sonato Prcsldont Morohoad
vhh in Ihu uhair and Senators Tuluull,
McGrew, Smith of Flllmoro, Sollock,
Sklles and Jnnscn were In tholr sonta.
Tho hoarty and vociferous ayes which
wero shouted whon tho motion to ad
journ was put camo from a weary
group of Btonographors, clorks, em
ployes and nowspapor men who hung
around watching the final obsequies;
with morbid Interest
Tho last actual work was dono Sun
flay, when the conference conunltttoos
on tho general maintenance bill nnd
the McArdle motor vehicle bill report
ed their agrooraeut. The offices of
tho clorl: of tho houso and tho secre
tary of tho senate will bo busy for
sovoral weeks yet until tho prelimi
nary work of printing tho Journals Is
Senntor Bartllng, during tho last
hours, Introduced a resolution, which
passed, calling attention to the fail
ure in congress of tho Burkott mens
uro to appropriate $250,000 for a for
ester school at Nebraska City and
asking the stnto delegation In Wash
ington to continue efforts to honor the
memory of J. Storling Mortou by se
curing tho establishment of such a
Tho governor was notified In tho
morning by n committee, that the ses
sion was ubout to closo, In the last
few days tho governor has boon sign
ing bills at tho rate of two or three
an hour and his oillco forco Is exhaust
ed with tho strenuous pace at which
ho is working them In trying to (lis- i
poso of tho mass of legislation which
he must finish within a few days. Tho
bills signed wero minor for tho most
part and ho has failed as yet to dis
pose of any of the moasures which ho
mny possibly voto. Tho tolophono bill,
tho Omaha appropriation bill and the
other moasures in doubt are still
bun irl nt; in tho balance.
Bills Signed.
From Saturdny to Monday Gov. Aid
rich signed forty-four bills, all of them
bearing date of tho 10th.
More Pay for Legislators.
Tho senate agrood to tho houso
amendments to Vollp's bill which pro
posed to crcato a four-yenr term for
senators. The house cut out this
foaturo nnd stood pat on Its notion.
However, tho bill still provided for n
salary of $600 per session for tho
membors of both houses, double the
present pay, and also limits tho time
In which hills may ho Introduced to
twenty days,
No Money for Library.
Tho effort or tho Nebraska Histori
cal society, In Hpito of porslst
out lobbying by ugontB of both
bcxcr, failed to land tho $225,000
which was to lmvo gono for a library
building. The senate library and tho
rccoids of tho society wero to bo
housed In this building
Governor Hopewell Leaves.
Lloutenant Governor Hopewell, who
presided over tho tiuccesslvo sessions
of tho state sonato, loft for Exeolslor
Springs, Mo for tho purpose of ro
riiporatlng. A three months' grind of
the legislature mnkos him feel tho
need of rest.
Appropriations approximating $5,
000,000 wero niudo by tho state leglB
luturo during tho session. Whon the
conference ugreod Sunday on tho
amount to be carried by tliu general
mulutenuueo bill, and both houses
adoptod the report, ull the appropria
tion measures wero complete. Accord
lug to tho confuienco report, tho gen
eral maintenance bill carries a total
amount of $2,081,000, an increatio of
nearly $350,000 over tho totul amount
agreed upon by the houso.
Both Houses Very Busy as End Draws
The ancient and honorable core
mony of stopping the clock was per
formed In the house Thursday night
at Just a quarter past ten. Officially
It will remain 10:15 o'clock of April
6 until Saturday night or possibly
Monday to ennblo tho legislature to
mako good tho report of its confer-'
ence commltteo In adjournment upon
the 6th.
The senate spent Its first night ses
sion In passing appropriation bills,
tho 1G appropriation bills passed car
rying a total of $391,110.30.
The bills passed provide $2,000 for
marking tho Oregon trail, $5,000 for
n state building inspector, $12,000 for
a heating plant for the school for tho
blind nt Nebraska City, $100,000 for
tho medical school nt Omaha, $3,000
for tho relief of W. A. Phllpot, $15,
000 for sower and water main con
struction at Wayno, $75,000 for weak
school districts, $600 for the relief of
Loulso Rollins, an employe at tho In
stitute for the foeblo-minded nt Beat
rice, $15,000 for connecting tho city
water main and tho school for tho
donf nt Onmha, $40,000 for a hospital
for indigent tuberculosis sufferers, to
be established west of tho 00th me
ridian; $2,000 for tho purchase of land
for tho school for tho blind, $100,000
for two now buildings at tho Lincoln
asylum for tho insnno, $3.0.S0 to pay
for paving at tho orthopedic hospital
in Lincoln, $12,500 for tho purchase
of ton acres of land for the nf-honl for
tho donf, $55,000 for a new wing on
tho Kenrnoy normal building and $C,
500 for repairs at tho state fish hatch
cry. Tho senate also passed houso roll
No. 34, Fuller's bill providing thnt
counties build their own bridgeB If
costing Icsb than $500 each. Tho ho
tel commission ball was also passed.
This provides a now oillclnl, a hotel
commissioner, at $1,800 a year.
Houbo roll No. 366, placod on third
reading by tho sonntoL carries atotal
of $1,101,560. Houso roll No. 611, tho
goneral maintenance bill, carries $3,
082,770 as placed on third reading by
tho senate.
Cox of Kearney Happy.
Senator Cox, of Kearney county,
went homo happy In tho thought that
ho carried in hla bolt a stato agricul
tural school for his senatorial district
The location of tho Bchool is not as
sured, but he la conlldont It will go to
his district Tho legislature appro
prlatcd $100,000 to start Buch a school
and In time it Iff hoped to btilld-U un
Flag to Old Soldiers.
Senators Buhrmnn nnd Bodlnson
Joined In a motion thnt tho flng float
ing from tho stnff abovo tho senate
chamber shall at tho end of tho sob
slon bo presented to the Grand Army
post nt St. Pnul, Nob., and tho flag
back of tho president's desk shall go
to tho Grand Army post nt Konrnoy.
Tho resolution, though opposed, wnH
Inquiry Into Insane Hospitals.
A losolutlon of Inquiry icgnrdlnR
the condition of inBane pntlontB now
In htnto Institutions was put through
tho houso. The resolution stated that
thoro havo been complaints concern
ing tho crowding of some asylums
nnd that the board of public lands
and buildings could, If it made an ef
fort, obviate tho difficulties.
Nothing Doing.
An effort was mado y tho house
to reconsldor tho voto by which tho
regents woro authorised to apply for
and nccopt tho Carnogio' foundation
for suporanuntcd professors The
motion was defeated.
No Charter Revision.
Lincoln will havo no charter re
vision nt this session of tho loglfiln
turo. Tho bill passed tho Semite, but
on reaching the houso It wns found
to havo defects that It is now too
lato to remedy.
Telephone Mergers.
Telephone morgors under the control
of tho railway commission wero made
a possibility If tho governor approves,
when tho houso concurred In tho son
ato amendments to II. It, 537, tho
Minor physical connection bill. Tho
houso cut tho mcrgor clnuso out of
tho bill, but the fienata passod tho
bill with the merger nddod. Tho
houso docldcd to concur.
Commission Bill Passes.
Tho commission form of govern
ment hill recommended for pnssngo
was paused by tho houso 78 to 0.
Thoro was no further opposition to
tho hill, but John Morlart, of Doug
Ins, spoko to explain the attitude of
somo membors of tho Douglas coun
ty delegation, which has been accusod
of working against the bill.
Appropriation of $100,000 Passed.
Tho sonato passed tho bill carrying
nn opprprlntlon of $100,000 for tho
erection of a laboratory building in
Omaha, which will form tho nuoseuB
of tho new university modlcal school.
Charter Bill Vetoed.
Tho voto on tho Omaha chnrtei
bill reached tho house of representa
tives and for lack of 11 votes, tho
houso failed to puss tho bill over the
governor's dlBappiovnl. The ballot
was 49 to 41, and 60 was necessary.
In setting forth his reasons for douy
Ing tho city officials his approval of
tho bill they drew, ho goos over tho
arguments against honvy taxation
which linvo been presented to him
by Interested property holders und
quotes several lettors In support of
v his position.
English Children Are Now Required tf
Do Certain Amount of Practical
Gardening Is now Included as a ce
dal subject for English school chil
dren. There are two courses In the
year, each consisting of at least twen
ty hours' practical work.
"Tho boys ore qulto keen about It,"
said tho head tencher of Sutton.
schools. "Each of tho fourteen lade
who form the class for gardening has
his own little plot of ground for
which ho Is responsible and at which
ho works under my supervision. Tho
produce la his, nnd great is the Joy of
taking homo tho first spring radishes
of his own growing, a fine head of let
tuce, or a basketful of marrowfat pons.
"As to tho education benefit, garden
ing teaches the boys to do the right
thing at tho right tlmo and Induces
habits of method and observation. It
also orcates a love of outdoor life a
sQlendld counter-attraction in later
years to the public house and music
"Two hours nnd n half a week 1b all
tho tlmo thnt can ho given to garden
ing, but so keen are the children 'that
they put in n good many spare minutes
on their own account. Even the in
fants, under tho kindly enre of the
schoolmaster's wife, havo their own
special allotment, whicb they zeal
ously rake and weed and generally
look after. The mysteries of digging,
trenching, potting, grafting, etc. In
fact, a good, all-around training In
tho growing of vegetables, herbs,
fruits and nowrs Is Imparted TrJtl
most happy results.
Tho cultivation of peas, lettuce nnd
tomatocB proves perhaps more attrac
tive on tho wholo than that of roses
nnd carnations, but flowers arc by no
means neglected. A fine chrysanthe
mum avenue In the Sutton school
garden, the splendid blooms of which
gnlnd a gold modal for their owner,
has proved very stimulating to youth
ful competitors.
, .- . ..Xa 1 f-'w-NV , J i
Constitute a "Commercial Asset" That
, No Progressive City Can
Afford to Ignore.
In fifteen yenrs Kansas City has
built up n system of forty-five miles
of boulevards nnd moro than two
thousand ono hundred acres of parks.
According to a rccont article In the
Outlook, Georgo E. Kesslor, tho land
scape architect for tho park board,
says tho parks and boulevards are a
distinct commercial asaot. While the
system has cost $10,000,000, "the prop
erty fronting on theso boulovards has
been ndvanced by them more than
that amount."
Whon it was first proposed to es
tablish such a system tho proposition
aroused florco opposition nnd a long
nnd hard fight was necessary in the
courts before tho improvements could
No city Is likolj to mako a mlstako
In spending liberally from Its rev
enues for tho maintenance of parks
nnd driveways. Thoro aro different
plans of ranking theso Improvements.
KnnBns City has mado them by as
sessing the cost ngnlnst tho property
benoflted by tho Improvement Other
cities have issued bonds, and others
still havo made special tax levies.
In whatever way, provided if th,e ex
pense bo not utterly out .of reason,
parks and boulevards aro a good In
vestment and "n commorclnl asset"
that no progresBlvo city can afford to
Ignore. Loulsvillo Courlor-Jonrnnl,
Parks and Politics.
It has been demonstrated by experi
ence in ninny cities that tho park ByB
tern moro than any other of the un
dertakings of a city should bo 'man
aged Independently of the council or
legislative body of tho city govern
ment The reason for this Is, of
wurse, that the majority of th mem
bers of tho city government Is com
posed of practical politicians or oC
men who havo about thesamo educa
tion, tho snmo Impulses nnd IdeaB
and about the same tastes. It should
bo clearly understood that no blame
is meant to be cast upon practical
politicians. It is simply a fact that
whon they control tho management of
pnrks, tho results attained from the
point of view of nrt are poor, some
times very bad indoed.
"Quaint" American Cities.
We hopo nil American cities will
soon be "quaint" in the sense In
which Now Bedford, Mnss., Is called
quaint. Tho Now Bedford Standard
resents tho terra ns Implying that the
town Is staid and old-fashioned. But
whon applied to n community whoso
population has admittedly Increased
moro thnn one-half in a decade -It
was 62,442 In 1900, and 1b now almost
100,000 it must be chiefly In Us pleas
ing connotations of eleganca nnd
BtrnngoncsB that is allied to beauty
with the suggestion of tradlttonul
stylos of architecture adapted to mod
ern needs, and is by no means an
oplthet of reproach.
It Will Pay.
When tho Bchool children get the
garden habit Memphis will become
tho city beautiful. Memphis Commer
cial Appeal.
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