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About Dakota County herald. (Dakota City, Neb.) 1891-1965 | View Entire Issue (March 31, 1911)
DAKOTA COUNTY HERALD.
MOTTO-All The News Whes It I Newi.
DAKOTA CITY, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1911.
141 PERISH IN FIRE
BCORE8 OF EMPLOYES DIE BY
JUMPING FROM BURNING
OTHERS KILLED IN PANIC
Fire Marshal's Inquiry Reveals Fact
Workroom Was Death .Trap That
Disaster Result of Cigarette Smok
ing 86 Victims Are Identified.
New York. Of tho 141 employes,
mostly girls and women killed In a
fire In Triangle Shirtwaist factory at
the corner of Greene street and Wash
ington place Saturday, 86 have been
Seventy of tho bodies were those
of girlB and young women, tho remain
ing sixteen those of men. There are
12 injured in tho hoapllals. Scores
of others moro or less seriously hurt
were taken to their homos.
The building was occupied by a
number of factories, and at least
1,600 persons were at work when tho
Tho victims were either burned to
death or were crushed into lifeless
forms on the pavements when they
leaped to escape tho swift rush of fire
which quickly enveloped the building.
Not since tho burning of tho excur
sion steamer Oeneral Slocum, off
North Brother's island In 1904, when
1,020 persons perished, has the city
been so excited by a flro horror.
At least fifty of tho victims were
killed by leaping from tho windows of
the seventh floor, and floors above.
Many porlshed in the flames on up
per floors, remaining, afraid to leap
until tho flro surrounded them.
Although tho fire started on tho
eighth floorIt spread eventually to
the basement and gutted the whole
building. Tho blaze started in the
cutting room of tho Trlanglo Waist
company, on tho eighth floor. This
concern occupied tho upper three
floors of the building.
Joseph Devontry, a Brooklyn auto
mobile dealer, who was passing tho
building when tho flro started, sayB
that It was 12 minutes after the alarm
was turned In before there waj a
stream of water on the blaze.
By that tlmo there were 30 dend on
tho sidewalks. The scene was sick
ening. With wild shrieks the girls
leaped from tho windows, and, above
the din and roar of the flames, their
bodies struck the street and sounded
like claps of thunder.
The extension ladders of the fire
men reached only to the seventh floor.
The firemen were unable to got above
that with scaling ladders because of
tho Intense heat and tho dense smokoH
pouring from tho upper windows.
Unable to reach the upper floors,
the firemen resorted to the uso of life
nets. In most Instances the nets
proved to bo worthless. Some of
thom broke under tho pressure of a
single body. Others were torn by
two or more persons alighting In
thom at tho same time. One net was
lying In tho street after the flro with
b1x bodies tangled in It.
Grocery wagons and even pushcarts
were pressed Into service to get the
wounded people, most of whom were
young girls, to drug stores and hos
pitals. Stores In tho neighborhood
wero turned Into temporary morgues.
A great crowd gathered around tho
sceno of tho fire. Factories In the
neighborhood wero soon emptied of
Some of tho revelations brought out
by Fire Marshal Beers In his public
Inquiry into tho causes of tho fire
show that tho poor girls In that panic
rush to escape from the flames found
traps at every turn.
It seemed that tho very arrange
ment of tho workroom was a trap,
with 700 women, jammed back to
back at their machines. When the
panic started, tho narrow aisles be
came blocked with chairs and tho
girls wero in confusion before they
even started for the doors. Then
there was a scarcity of exits, tho
nward opening doors and the death
trap "flro escapes."
"Tho flie, without any question,
started from a clgarotto or a match
thrown Into a pllo of lawn clippings
light cotton stuff," suld Marshal Beers.
"There was no gasoline about the
place, so far as I could learn and tho
machinery power was furnlshod by
electric motors. But I can provo that
cigarette smoking was no uncommon
practice among tho men employed In
"Tho flro started at 4:40 o'clock.
Samuel Bernstein, tho superintendent
for the Trlanglo company, and a boy
tried to put It out with buckets of
water, but fought it for only a minute
and a half. The alarm was not
turned In for flvo minutes.
"While Bernstein was fighting tho
fire, Edward Brown, tho machinist?
was trying to ot tho girls in lino to
march to tho flro escapo and to tho
elevator doors. But the poor things,
In most cases, understood only Yid
dish and did not know what ho was
saying to them."
Meets Death In Blizzard.
Hammond, Ind. Bltndcd by the
driving snow In a blizzard Monday,
Anton Moollcr, prominent business
man and alderman of Whiting,
walked to his death In front of n
Wisconsin Educator Dead.
Bololt, Wis. Henry M. Whitney,
professor In Belolt college from 1S74
to 1800, died suddenly Sunday at Now
Haven, Conn. Since leaving Belolt ho
wbb librarian of the public library at
LIST OF HOLOCAUSTS OF A CENTURY
1811 Dec. 26, theater at Richmond, Va 70
1876 Dec. 5, Conway's Theater at Brooklyn 295
1881 Dec. 9, Ring Theater, Vienna..,. 700
1BB1 Lehman's Theater, St. Petersburg t 700
1885 Buffalo Muilo Hall and St. Louis Church 3
1887 May 26, Opera Comlque, Parle 20
1888 Temple Theater, Philadelphia : 8coree
1891 Central Theater, Philadelphia 10
1897 Charity Bazar, Parlt 300
1893 Pike' Opera House, Cincinnati 8cores
1897 Lyric Theater, Bucharett 2
1B97 Theater Central, Brussels
1897 Yore'a Opera House, Benton Harbor, Mich
1897 Robinson's Opera House, Cincinnati, panic
1897 Robinson's Opera House, Cincinnati, dome fell while the com
pany was playing "Under the Dome" .'....... 4
1897 Coliseum, Chicago 2
1897 People's Theater, Aberdeen, Scotland '. 10
1901 Nov. 6, Klondike Theater, Milwaukee 11
1903 Iroquola Theater, Chicago 600
1904 Burning of ateamer General Slocum, New York Harbor 1,020
1908 Barnaley, England 16
1908 Boyertown, Pa. 173
1908 Avellne Hotel, Fort Wayne, Ind 16
1908 School, Colllngwood, 0 178
1910 L. Flan Furniture Store, Chicago.
1910 Forest Area, Minnesota
1910 Forest fires, Northwest
1910 Factory fire, Newark, N. J
1910 Morris & Co., packing plant, Chicago.
1910 Gas explosion, New York
1911 Factory, New York '
SEEK IN "HIGH UP"
ALLEGED CARNEGIE TRUST COM
PANY 8UBMITTED FAL1E
REPORT ON ASSET8.
MORE TRUE BILLS LIKELY
New York Prosecutor Asserts He Hat
Evidence That President Reich
mann of Defunct Concern Mutilated
the Records of Meeting.
New York. Additional indictments
against high officials of the Carnegie
Trust company are looked for as a ro
suit of the testimony given before the
grand jury by Listen L. Lewis, former
counsel for the trust company.
District Attorney Whitman, It Is
said, possesses conclusive evidence
that the executive committee of the
trust company, over which Joseph B.
Relchmonn presided as president,
knowingly made a false report of tho
company's aBBets on August 31, 1910,
and mutilated tho minutes of a meet
ing held August 23 In order to con
form to suggestions of tno state
Both tho original minutes and the
substituted minutes aro In existence
and It will bo possible to produco
them In tho prosecution of the offi
cials responsible for the transaction.
Another Interesting feature of tho
developments was the supported
statement that Samuel Untormeyer,
tho well-known corporation lawyor,
has become tho attorney for the com
bination represented by Charles H.
Hyde, Mayor Gaynor's city chamber
lain; William J. Cummins, tho mas
ter promotor of tho trust company,
and Joseph B. Rolchmann, its former
Joseph G. Robin, tho confessed
bank wrecker, appeared before tho
grand jury as Its first witness and
his testimony, which occupied two
hours, Is believed to have been con
fined entirely to facts which surround
tho loan of $130,000 made to the Car
negie Trust company by Robin's
Northern bank to tide tho trust com
pany over tho August examination by
tho state banking department.
DRINK CRAZED, SLAYS TWO
Council Bluffs Doctor Kills Officer
and Man Who Refuses to Sell
Dcs Moines, la. Dr. H. D. Kelly
of Council Bluffs, shot and killed
Deputy Sheriff Clarence Wollman, al
so of Council Bluffs, and a short time
later shot and killed Edward Stcrzlng,
a Dob Molneu bartender.
The Council Bluffs physician wa3
being taken by tho deputy sheriff to
tho inebriates hospital at Knoxvllle.
The two men occupied tho samo room
at tho KIrkwood hotol during tho
night. Kelly awakened early In tho
morning, extracted a rovolver from
tho pocket of tho deputy sheriff and
fired three shots Into tho body of tho
latter as ho lay asleep.
Kelly then hastened down tho
street. He entered a saloon and de
manded a drink. Strrzlng, the bar
tender, refused to glvo him the
"You saloon keepers have made an
Inebriate of mo and now you refuso
mo a drink," Kelly said as ho drew
tho revolver and fired flvo shots Into
Storzlng's body. Sterzlng died an hour
Kelly was arrested.
Swallows HI Teeth; Dies.
Boone, la. By swallowing his false
teeth, Rev. S. A. Hall, a formor pas
tor of the MethodUt church of this
city and a pioneer Iowa lawyer,
caused his death at bis homo In Wind
sor, Mo., Sunday.
Balllnger la Back Home.
Seattle, Wash. Richard A. Bal
linger, former secretary of the In
terior, returned homo Saturday from
Washington and was given a warm
welcomo by bis fellow towns-mnn
DIAZ CABINET NAMED
ALL MEMBER8 CHOSEN WITH ONE
Zacamacona e Inoland to Succeed
De La Barra In Washington Dip
Mexico City. Manuel de Zacama
cona o Incland was appolntod ambas
sador to the United States to buo
ceed Francisco Leon do la Barra ac
cording to tho official announcement
of the now Diaz cabinet.
In the cabinet ob announced the of
fice of secretary of tho interior wu
left vacant, and speculation as to its
Incumbent still favored Toodoro Do
hesa, governor of tho state of 'Vera
Tho cabinet as at present consti
Foreign relations Francisco Leon
dc la Barra.
Justice Demetrlo Sodl.
Public Instruction Jorgo Vera Esta
nol. FoLueulo Mitmwl Murroqulny Ri
vera. Communications and public works
Finance Jose Yvcb Llmantour.
War and marine Gen. Manuel Gon
Senor Zacamacona o Inclotod Is the
government's financial agent In Lon
don, where ho has been stationed for
tho last two years.
El Paso, Tex., March 28. "Tho In
snrrectos are reorganizing their forces,
drilling their men, providing them
with ammunition nnd distributing
stores with a view of carrying on tho
war to a declslvo Isbuo. No attention
whatever Is being paid to tho so-called
ovorturos for peace. Madero Is anx
ious to show tho widespread extent of
tho revolution and thus win recogni
tion of belligerency from all tho na
tions." This statement was given out by
tho revolutionary junta hero as com
ing from Francesco I. Madero, the so
called president of the lusurrectoa.
SHIP SINKS AND 26 DROWN
Frail Steamer Built for Inland Lake
Service Turns Turtle on
Victoria, B. O. Tho British
Columbia Shipping company's lit
tlo wooden steamor Secholt, built for
passenger service on an Inland lake,
turned turtle In a furious gale off
Beechey Head, Vancouver Island, and
went down with all on board, 22 pas
sengers and tho crow of four men.
Thirteen passengors had landod at
William Head just beforo tho steamer
went out to destruction.
Most of tho passengers wore rail
road laborers bound for a Canadian
northorn railroad construction camp,
but a few wero residents of Sooke.
Shipping mon wero nstoundod ro
cently when tho owners announced
that the Secholt would ply between
Victoria and Sooko, oxpoBlng tho frail
craft to seas such as might bo met In
tho open ocean.
Tho Sechelt wns 82 feet long and 73
tons gross tonnago.
FOUR DIE; 12 HURT IN FIRE
Firemen Plungo to Death and Injury
When Roof of Milwaukee Fac
Milwaukee. Four firemen wore
killed and twolvo wore Injured, two
perhaps fatally, by falling through a
roof during a fire In tho building of
tho Mlddletown Manufacturing com
pany, wholesale hatters.
Battleship Breaks Propeller.
Norfolk, Va. By striking somo hid
den object In ChcBapeako bay during
tho firing upon San Marcos, tho old
battleship Texas, tho battleBhlp Rhodo
Inland broke one propeller blado and
Jefferson Davis Guard Burled.
Illoomlngton, 111. Tho funeral of
William Bach, Sr., the last aurvlvor of
tho Union soldiers who guarded Jef
ferson Davis whllo ho was In captivity
at Fortress Monroe, wu twld here
DE LA BARRE NAMED
AMBA33ADOR TO U. 8. IS MADE
PREMIER TO DIAZ' CABINET.
Mexican Circle In Washington Heart
lly Approve Appointment la Con-
gratulated by Taft.
Washington. Francisco de la
Barra, Mexican ambassador to the
United States, was named min
ister of foreign relations of the Mex
ican cabinet by President Dlat.
Immediately oafter telegraphing
his acceptance to Mexico City
Senor do la Barra wont to tho White
House and informed President Taft
Tho president expressed pleatmro at
tho ambassador'c appointment, con
gratulating him warmly. The am
bassador left at onco for Mexico City.
Senor de la Barra was congratulated
by Secretary of State Knox also.
The now minister said he did not
know whether any other members of
Francisco de la Barra.
the new cabinet had been decided
upon, or who would succeed him In
In Mexican circles It was pointed
out that President Diaz has accom
plished a mastor stroko by naming
Ambassador de la Barra to the
premiership In his cabinet, because of
his renown in Mexico as well as tho
confidence that foreign .financiers
would place In his governmental pol
icy on account of tho record Senor
do la Barra made in Europe.
The ambassador Is popular with
the local revolutionary representa
tives. They have confidence in his
ability. Though thoyhati not dealt
with htm, they always have expressed
tholr warm regard for his sense of
TEN ARE KILLED IN WRECK
Five Cars of Dixie Flyer Go Into
River From Georgia Trestle
Ocllln, Go. Ton persons are
known to have been killed and
moro than a score Injured when tho
south-bound Dixie Filer on tho Atlan
tic Coast lino, running betwoon Chi
cago and Jacksonville, Fla., was
wrecked on an Alapaha river trestle
Eight of tho bodies have boon iden
tified, among thom being that of Mrs.
W. D. Fletcher of Rowland, 111., who
was on her way to Tampa with her
husband, who was Injured. They were
married In Chicago a week ago.
Tho Identified dead, aro:
O. F. Banwart, Henderson. Ky.
W. Culpepper, Tlfton, Ga.
Lucius Ellis, fireman.
Mrs. W. D. Fletcher, Rowland, 111.
Charles J. Parnoll, conductor, Sa
Albert Simmons, porter.
Mrs. J. T. Watson, Lander, Wyo.
J. Woodward, baggagemaster. Way
The accident was caused by tho
breaking of tho onglno driving wheel.
Although tho rfocomotlvo romalned on
tho trestle, the baggage nnd express
cars, two day coaches, and a Pull
man plunged Into tho river, carrying
away about 400 fool of tho trestle
work. GETS STOLEN STOCKS BACK
Attorney Recovers Most of Aaron
Bancroft's $100,000 Certificates In
a Mysterious Manner.
New York, Most of tho stock
certificates valued at J100.000 and
stolen from Anron Bancroft, sonlor
member of tho stock brokorage firm
of Georgo H. Bancroft & Co., a month
ago havo been recovorod by William
M. Sulllvr.n, attorney for tho Ban
crofts, In as mysterious a manner as
they woro stolon,
Thero aro still missing 300 shares
of American Smelters worth about
121,000. Mr. Sullivan said ho was
confident of recovering these, and Is
hopeful of successful criminal action
In the case, which has been placed
In the hands of District Attornoy
Columbus Dynamiter to Prison.
Columbus, O. William Cavannugh,
tho first of four alleged dynamiters to
bo found guilty, was sentenced Mon
day to ten years In the Ohio penlton
tlary by Judge Rogors. Cavanaugh
was found guilty of placing dynamite
on tho street car trackB.
Delays Flight Over Sea.
Kiel, Germany. Josoph Brucker,
formerly of Chicago, decided Monday
to postpone until next full his attempt
to cross tho Atlantic In the dirigible
NOI READY TO QUIT
HOUSE REFUSE8 TO NAME APRIL
4 AS END OF SESSION.
WORK TO BE DONE
Opinion Expressed That It Is Yet Too
Early To Fix Date For Final
Tho thirty-second session of tho
lostgslaturo will not adjourn on April
4 unless tho majority of tho houso
change their minds. It is still too
early In their estimation and thero
is far too much work of Importance
to nttond to for tho members to be
gin to think of going homo us soon
as tholr pay stops. This waa the de
cision as a result of tho report of a
coufcronco commlttco on the time
to adjourn finally.
A fow days ago tho senate began
action looking towards fixing a. tlmo
for adjournment. It appointed n spe
cial commlttco of throo. Tho houso
appointed a like committee. Tho joint
body of six men discussed tho situ
ation nnd decided that Tuesday,
April 4, would bo about right, Thoy
figured that by fiottlng that date the
two houses would rush through tholr
most important business, and in cade
thoro wns any unfinished work that
absolutely had to be dono tho clock
could be stopped according to time
honored custom, recosses taken from
day to day, and the final adjourn
ment secured beforo tho weok was
out. So tho report wns mndo. Tho
eenato accepted It without comment.
In tho houso Chairman Ncir mot no
such Cordial reception.
Gordes of Richardson, chairman of
tho Hitting committee and floor load
er of tho majority party, led n fight
against accepting this date. He point
ed out that It would bo Impossible
to complete the work necessary bo
fore tho dato recommended, that
there has been but ono party plcdgo
enacted Into law, and plenty of
chance for conflict on some of tho
others, notably the apportionment
bills hnvo only Junt none to the Hon-
ato whoro much work must bo dono
on thom, and then possibly a con
ference hold with tho houso on dis
agreeing Items. As far as adjourn
ment was concerned the huUae collld
get ready In nn hour. If everything
was out of tho way. Whnt, said ho,
was tho use of fixing a date far in
advance of tho actual tlmo and then
rushing through with .business to
moot that timo. If the house would
buchlo down to it and work this week
it would bo In n position to toll by
the latter part thereof whether it
could adjourn In tho middle of tho
following week. He warned the houso
that If It fixed this dato for adjourn
ment thoro could be no moro houso
bills lifted from thn general fllo and
that tho lower houso would havo to
confine Itself to senato bills.
This nrgumont of tho mombor from
Richardson hnd its offoct and when
other members who hnvo Hills thoy
wish to consider camo to his support
the report of tho conference com
mlttco was laid on tho tnblo, whoro
It can bo tnkon up any tlmo in tho
future when tho houso desires.
Commission Form of Government.
'flu; apodal commlttco appointed to
cousldor and roport on tho best form
ot a commission form of government
for cities of over 5,000 Inhabitants
recommended tho pnHBiigo of S. F. 312,
by Rauuiug of Cass, and rcoiiiineud
ed tliopassnpo of S. F. 310, by Tan
nor of Douglas, to npply only to tho
city of South Omaha. Tho Skllcs bill,
S. F. 305, wub commended, but tho
committee doubted Its constitution
Supreme Judge Plan Opposed.
Considerable opposition to tho pro
poped plan for non-partisan Biipromo
judgos In Ncbruskti hns nrison In tho
leglBlatuie, especially over tho pro
posed election of tho judges' by dis
tricts. That Judgon of tho supremo
court, If elected by districts, will
represent those districts Instead of
the state at largo 1h ono of tho argu
ments made agaliiBt tho proposed de
parture from present conditions.
Apportionment yeoins to bo about
tho only important question upon
which tho present hossIoii of tho leg
islature has mndo no decision of nny
kind. Tho I'lacok legislative bill,
which has passed tho sonnto for leg
islative redisricting, 1b now boforo
tho house, hut will probably bo ma
terially changed buforo It goos
through, Tho republicans nro not
pleased with It and will probably do
their best to mako changes in tho bill
beforo It becomeH n law. Tho Albert
judicial apportionment hill is also
through tho senato, but Is of less Im
Senate Work Well Advanced.
Tho bonato has Its work pretty
well In hand. With its thirty-three
men it can grind out Immousoly moro
than the house. The lntter branch
will probably hold night session In
ordor to hurry legislation.
Brown and Sclleck havo gone on rec
ord as favoring a strong medical de
partment at tho university, that de
partment to bo maintained whoro it
can recolvo tho greatest benoflt. Sen
ator Selleck Is willing to trust the
Judgment of tho board of regents,
wliU'.i made Its recommendations.
ACCEPTS OLLI8 BILL
Lower House Refuses to Change One
Stoo,k yardB were tho storm center
for a whllo In tho house. Tho dis
turbance camo with tho messago of
tho governor vetoing Hie Tuylor-Lolo-zal
Btock yardB bill and closed with
advancement of tho Ollls bill to the
third reading calendar without mak
ing nny chnngo In tho measure what
ever. This virtually ends tho long
strugglo over stock yards legislation,
ns tho Ollls bill will pass tho houso
with llttlo opposition, whllo tho gov
ernor intimated plainly enough In his
messago that ho will sign it.
In general, tho governor's objection
to tho Tnylor-Dolczal bill Is thai by
declaring tho stock yards to bo pub
lic markets tho legislature- placed
thom In a position whoro tho state
railway commission could not oxer
else jurisdiction over thom. Ho arg
ued that tho commission wns created
to reguloto common carriers and that
It could not regulate any corporation
or class of corporations not defined
as common carriers.
Tho roll call on reconsideration of
tho Taylor-Dolezal bill to dotormlno
whether 11 should pass over tho gov
ernor's veto wis taken In tho nftor
noon. Tho bill failed to rocelvo tho
noccssary sixty votes, thrco-ftfths of
tho membership of the house, and
was therefore declarod lost. Follow
ing that an attempt was mndo to
nmend tho Ollls bill to mako It con
form partially to tho Taylor bill, but
this wns defeated. Tho Ollls bill was
then recommended to pass with
scarcely any opposition to It.
Somo of tho opponents of the Ollls
bill havo uncovered what thoy allcgo
to bo a serious joker In tho bill, ono
Which will cost the shippers of tho
stato thousands ot dollara. This jok
er, thoy say, Is In uniting tho storage
pon department and tho switching de
partment of tho stock yards under
ono head as common carriers. If the
supremo court holds this Is valid,
thuy say that It will mean that ship
pers must pay directly tho switching
charges that aro now paid by tho de
livering railroads. TIiIb nmounts to
$1 n car. Tho governor In his veto
expresses his Idea that both depart
ments of tho stock ynrds business can
bo classed togother. On this point he
"I wish, however, In this connection
to say that it Is my opinion that any
stock yards or public market that
oporatos a railroad which Is a part
and parcel of said yard or market and
Is essential to Its operation in the per
formance of its duties, then In thai
cuso the wholo thing should be con
sidered together "as ono enterprise.
In my opinion tho ontlro subject can
bo defined by tho legislature ns a
common carrlor nnd by proper statute
brought under tho regulation of tho
railway commission. This mensuro
in question, in effect, plainly declares
tho stock yards aro not common car
riers by defining thom to be public
Tho house, following tho nctlon of
tho previous day, put tho Ollls bill
through by a voto of 71 to 21. This
will leave the mock ynrdB law up to
the govornor and in Hpjto of tho asser
tion by Taylor, nuthor of tho Taylor
Dolozal bill that was votood, tho gov
ernor Is not oxflcctod to show nny
aversion to making It a law. Tho op
position to the bill did not manifest
Itself bucauso It could do nothing.
The Medical School.
UiiIosb thoy chnngo tholr attitudes,
oxprcascd u short tlmo ago, mom
hers of the LancuHtor county delega
tion will not offer tho opposition to
tho university medical school that
was displayed by tho Lincoln con
tingent In tho houso. Both Senators
Cuts Maximum $100,000.
A 1100,000 cut has been made In
tno maximums of tho funds proposed
by house roll No, CI, the Onmha char
tor bill, Tho reductions woro made
in tho various funda by agreement
after consultation with jobbers, and
Aldrlch Doubts Legality.
Although doubtful of tho bill's con
stitutionality. Govornor Aldrlch has
signed II. It. No. 107, by Housli, to
prohibit gift enterprises und the
using of trading stumps. Before do
ing so, ha hold a hearing und listened
to objections mado by several mer
chants and ittorneys roprosontlng
doalors in various lines,
Fault of Buildings.
Tho commlttco on reform schools,
asylum for feeble minded and homo
for tho friendless lllod a roport fn tho
senate finding serious fault with tho
condition of buildings, old nnd now,
at tho Instltuto for tho feeble minded
youth at Beatrice Tho roport was
The Ad Club Bill.
Tho special committee composed of
Senators Tlbbots, Sollock nnd Ban
ning, to pick out tho best commission
plan bill thoy could obtnln nnd report
It to tho senate, hns resulted In tho
reporting of senato fllo No. 213, with
a fow minor amendments. This Is the
Ad club bill.
Both pending Judicial bills woro
recommended to pass by tho houso
commlttpo of tho wholo. Theso nro
the Loo non-partlBnn judiciary bill and
tho Juni'kenbiiBh bill providing for
election of supremo court Judges by
(llstrlctH and for an Intermediary
court of appeals. Tho voto on both
bills was almost a sttuight party lino
up. On tho Leo non-partisan Judiciary
bill tho voto stood GO to 42 with olght
abaont. Hnrdln was tho only repub
lican voting for tho bill, whllo throe
democrats wero against tho measure
MONEY THAT IS WELL SPENT
Insurance Companies Could Not D
Better Than Seek to Improve
The groat life insurance compaaie'
have been bestirring themselves la
tho Inat two or three eara and look
ing Into the subject of how and way;
longevity la Increasing and how it oaa
bo made to increase still further.
Thoy havo found that more people
reach forty-five years ot age than1
over beforo in the history of the'
world, but that they die faster afterj
forty-five than they ever did before.'
The high pressure of modern life,
thoy say, is to blame for this as wellj
as for the tremendous lnorease of In
sanity. Although human life Is lengxheBlnr
bo much the mortality tables upon1
which tho Insurance companies baae
the premiums they charge their cli
ents are more than fifty years old.
Nearly halt the population ot the
United States Is Insured and the com
panies are reaching out after the
other hair. Many plans have been
devised for the lengthening of the
lives of tho policy holders so that'
they may pay premiums the greatest
possible number of years. Most of
thoBO plans have been along tho llnee
of tho prevention of tuberculosis and'
other prevalent diseases, but none ofj
them has boon carried out except la
theory as yet. It Is safe to say, how
ever, that if tho great Insurance com
panies, with the incalculable sums of
monoy that they control, should take
up seriously tho Question cf purifying
and battering the cities in which,
tholr policy holders llvo they would!
speedily got tholr investments back
many times over through the In-1
creased Income In tho village of
Bournvlllo, a suburb of Birmingham,
England, the death rate is less than'
half what It Is in Birmingham. The
village is owned and kept sanitary by
a great manufacturing concern that1
gives employment to its inhabitants
and spends money In koeplng them
housed and clean purely as a business
PROPER TREATMENT OF TREES
-Q' - .X-tT .... .. U
Much Injury May Be Done by" Inju" 1
dlclouo Application of Vari
It requires protty close observa
tion and thorough understanding of
conditions In ordor to distinguish gas
poisoning from some other typeB of
Injury which aro sometimes likely to
arise. For example. In the gypsy
moth district about Boston, the
trunks of many troos havo been treat
ed with crude oil and various other
substances which aro exceedingly In
jurious to trees. Crude oil or kero
sene, when sprayed on the bark of a
tree, will penotrato the bark and kill
the cambium, and theso substances
will also penotrato tho wood to some
extent. Unloss one is perfectly famil
iar with tho characteristics of trees
poisoned with gas, It would be a very
easy matter to confound theso two
claBsoB of InJurioB. In both casern the
bark becomes Ioobo and falls off the
tree very quickly. From careful ob
servations of the trunks of trees,
however, the effects of crude oil can
bo generally distinguished from those
caused by gas by one who is familiar
with theso characteristic Injuries.
Would Add to New York Parks.
Anothor Important office of the pro
posed park and parkway system sug
gested for New Fork would bo to pro
tect tho great bridges, says the Sun
of that elty. The apace under and for
somo 200 feet each sldo of tho brldgo
approaches should be Included In tho
park space and should bo free of
buildings. A comparatively small con
flagration along that part of the Bast
river containing the approaches of tho
Williamsburg, Manhattan 'and Brook
lyn bridges might destroy all thrco of
In such a case tho loss to the pec
plo In business, tlmo and situation
would probably bo greatly in excess
of tho aotual money value of tho de
stroyed bridges. Tho largo public
buildings should bo protected In the
same way, and all futuro schools, etc.,
should bo located along tho lino of tho
park system. Although cities cannot
bo built to order to definite ideals,
much can bo done to improve those
that havo been handed down to us.
The engineer should bo ono who
can cut looso from exact lines and
grades when, by an adaptation of ex
isting circumstances, an artlstla et
feet can bo produced or a saving
mado. This is especially Important
In constructive work. Whllo a good
onglnoor ennnot know too muoh about
horticulture, ho should, at least, know
trees und shrubs fairly well, and have
a knowledge ot their soil require
ments, Beating the Enemy.
A Lovell, Wyomlngmerchant has
a halt page advertisement In a looal
paper stating that any one conteaplat-'
Ing sending an order tq a mall order
houso can, It they will come Into kit
tore, get the order filled attae
price and on the use teraa
V 4 I
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