title: 'Bellevue gazette. (Bellevue City, N.T. [i.e. Neb.]) 1856-1858, October 23, 1856, Image 4',
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About Bellevue gazette. (Bellevue City, N.T. [i.e. Neb.]) 1856-1858 | View This Issue
. 1 . A. i J
Tor U In.i it1oi . Tr-auVII'i' Slut.;,
-. AVphc Iiv, Sept. Ut!i, lS.Vi.
v ,'AMt;5 t. rirr.-.
C;;,c w!cnnw ta liU So'curM forml.
Ar.'i :l.-t.l''l tri i;ili hr Is wo . ,
TIkts I"1 him o In liftit Knd mnnu.
Hi" eTiVi ?5Huil the Pr wtt.1i (vcnvf
' " UU t'lnr l'l fctmv'oi't f 'tVnTB MW J .
"lii" ncim-! ci'T-nrW!ri fierv 'uiwri
wirtra u'iiu l wilh IV.i.' auit La. :
- 'P'.tt wirM Mt stnty long tin ?iriri1-
To Fame fit ."n'lrs d.-ptl iirir ""
homely Tni'ti, his ample Mtn.l, " .
Jlii juxuii linte ? hi: mail Wron.
,"Husm fir thi (rr.iy-hlr(i patriot sig! ,
Fnr liorp his rcnixl K& hwn i .
iTmls 1ft look On in age to n?i,
;' A;1 prompt nivv Thought fiitiolil'ing JI.ih.
TTi lindT unrmiT from linnt foil.
"Swart Iitnr tr-ilnid h! you'liful hand (
Hi'rh villi thi 1ti" who fr! our poll'
- Whct-e ' hhrftitthnd rt Ftin at '!.
T rail liotvlnr. r
: T!iO ftdanta,-rps of fall fluxing tuay W
't'JiUUiCr.itcd Od follows; r : ,
. 1, lu flutusrm die, teajti, hnviji become
rautlw". .work.- throun xhA Biumnrj
llTV,'W?!t!,' ifnt fetter "nrernrcl
tilhjf tSn:i ia the Sirinir, and other farm
7 . i . . u . . , t
k i t! prcsi-n? in its jflaili t!pon?"evi?r T l,r,)1
ta Ud an-f-tion UVA fwthat huAYmg ro,,,l ,ho SnM:
l,Hi.frA-t ll tlio plowing bo done 1" large mioiij?
- it ta
- wkirf Js'poaiible in the fall, and still the
pprinj work wottld give abundant employ
ment to the fanner and his teams, in
drawing manure, cross-plow ing-, cultiva
ting, barriiwiivr, etc. ' "i .
ii. In the fall, low moist lands are, pen
rrolly, in l"'tter eowliiioii for plowins than
in eprinqf-time. AVo Hity geherally, for
tlii reason, low, nnut IjiuI. are decidedly
moist at present. Still, we can not hope
for any better slate very early next yenr,
aud if plowed as they nhould be, wet lands
.SviU .sailer very little from water through
Sia V.-inter. ';"
3. Stiff, heavy soils, plowed in autumn,
undergo, by the action of water and frot,
T a jfloro thorough disintpration ; clnyaaro
pulverized am', crumbk-d and heavy loams
and hard-pHii lands are acted cnon irra
'like mfinriei', and with like benefit.
4. Heavy, coaroo swards, full of rank
weeds and grasses, can be better subdued
by plowing in tho fail their roots are
more apt to die out, and far less lialJo to
sprout naiu, titan when ldowed
tprin. The turf in letter prepared,1 by
us mora nuvaneeu stage ot decay, lor the
two of the rrops which may be sown or
planted upon it.
6. Tall plowing disturbs tho "winter
arrangement" of numerous worms and in
sects, and mie4 destroy a lame number of
' .1 ...1 t. . A it
,.. uii-Mj jivoia, him aim) invir cgjfs una tarvio.
This is a minor advantage, but one wor
thy of consideration, especially oil lands
infested with the wire-worm. - .
Tho principal objections to fall plowing
are thene ; , J
1.-The loss of that fresh, frial.Je con
diiiou readly permeablo to uir and mois
ture, and the consolidation of the soil by
bng exposure to changing aud stormy
weather. This, on soils of a light char-
actor, is a very serious objection to plow
ing in autumn.
a. The loss of vegetable matter, and
tho gnsses of the same while in a stain .f
decay, is aurither disadvantage. The lat
ter is a small loss, if the wm k is done late
in the fall , but often, on hill-sides, a large
part of the soluahlo and floating organic
nmlU-r is washed away by the heavy rains
of wiuter aud early spring time. The
soil is alsii consolidated by the same influ
ences. Heavy swards thus situated would
sustain less injury than light swards or
... I he advantages and disadvantages rf
"this prnctirp may be appropriately foliowc j
by b'ief directions for performing the
1. Do it in. the beat manner.
2. .Throw up low lands in narrow bed-,
"aiij" cut cros-furrows and drains sufficient
r01"' at once surface water.
This will obviate one great objection to
fl. Mow deep and narrow furrows such
will lest secure the action of the amelior
ating influences of frost upon, the soil. A
rough broken surface is -better than n
smooth one for this purpose. Rural New
Yorker. swine Epidemic.
Auburn (N. Y.) American, says;
within a week past SheklonSt Co.,
fl'tf, i I.WQ. out of. 1.5QQ
Miogst Their diMilldiy at Jordan wlva
niiies froin this city. Of the whole drove
500 were driven oil" when ths distemper
broke out. The 1,000 left died off rapidly.
One physician pronouueed the disease
cholera, and another putrid erysipelas,
' They were worth on an average $10 per
head. The loss is therefore very heavy.
; la addition to this, it has cost 81,000 to
burythetu. l'aeh was buried bis feet
dcqv .Those that were, driven off and
fed on buttermilk are recovering, Tho
partner of Sir. Sheldon is dangerously ill,
nnd nearly all tbe hands connected with
the distillery are sick.
English Farm Implements.
At the recent Royal Agricultural Show
in England, there were .800 different im
plements on exhibition. Among them
were, of different jattenis, 13 bean rplit
ter. 2-5 clod c rushers, IS corn-dressing
machines, 15 ci'maniais, 8 draining ma
cL'uies, 10 Rates and posts, 10 haying
machines, 21 horse-hoes,' 25 linseed and
com crushers, 5 manure dUtrtlnitors, 5
reaping and S mowing machines, 32 plows,
3 stea.Ti cultivators, Jtbuh-soil pulverizers,
'VI threshing machines, 15 turnip ruiti-n,
13 winnowing insrhiues, Kc i, .
IThrnt :Ic2m(1 Value of rain
There is no fixed ratio f value in thii
country between the market price of
wheat and flot.r. Nit one farmer in ten
tin lrr-taivK when Jte reads' the current
one ol Hour, wnat snouiu oe ui jmilv
the bushtiof grain. As general rule
everywhere, a bushel of wheat is worth
two-ninths of a barrel of flour. , That is
If fUiv" is worth FJ a barrel, . wheat is
worth $2 n bushel. - nut that is not the.
fate1 that it in generally bought and sold
st, because the miller in not disposed fo
pive that price ; he ia willing to make
aunrter profit, and tho fanner is willing
to let him. H I''t the relative priYef
wheat t' f,i,ce fixCU" Bt Iwo-ninlhs the pf iye
Of a barrel of flour, nnd it will be very
eny fur n farmer in any part ribe coun
try, who know the pfi e of flour in New
York, and the c"?t w iraiij,Kriit(H)ti froia
hi farm io the city, to JeturminO what his
wlnat u really worth a bushel. '
A Xcw Hedge Plant.
recmniv"de'V M a BUIia,JIC P,ani Ior u,:u'
in'', ninrwi concur in tU" recommeimu-
li-Si. Hl a very hardy plant, ftnd grows
treely trmn tne sea-sno.e vi iew j.
land to Canada. It is not a tree, hut a
l Srtir,h, and rarefy pains a Inght over eigl
Ifoi't; Ir iv full of prickles, and is nev
iVaton by rattle, and wo should thin': ivou
rttr,h, and rarely pains a bight over eight
vi i l t. n ii.:.
broken through. It stowj thick
ind, and in good land, will
h for a fence in live or six
years. Ifte lruit oi me tmroerry imsn is
a bright scarlet berry, half or three-fourths
of an inch long, of the diameter of a small
pipestem ; and is esteemed by' some per
sons a valuable fruit for mixing with others
less acid, it being 'extremely tart. The
bushes have a very pretty appearance
when the fruit is ripe. It is to bo hoped
that its virtues as a hedge-plant will be
fully tried. Tho vulgar opinion that this
lard! is injurious to wheat or rye is a
ridiculous superstition. N. Y. Tribune.
A machine for Milking Cows.
Johst W. Kisr.sMAN, an ingenious far
mer, of Dover, New Hampshire, has in
vented a machine for milking cows, which
he describes as doing tho work upon the
same principle as suction of the calf, by
means ot connecting the teats, ly inilin
rubber cups and tubes, w ith an air-tight
vessel, out of which the air is pumped.
The apparatus draws the milk, eifiht quarts
iu four minutes. It looks as though it
would do. At any rate, the milk w ill be
Inn recent number of the N. E. Farmer
a writer advises the use of cows instead
of oxen for working teams on farms of
small dimensions, The advice is supported
by the citation of many instances in which
it had been done successfully; the cows
perfortningilheir functions as cows, as well
as doing the work of tho farm. e have
never chanced to see cows in tho yoke,
but they might as well work as marcs
iwith young colts, and save the epunse of
Keeping n ox team for the light amount
of work often required of them.
The Missouri Hemp Crop.
According to the St. Louis Democrat,
the Hemp crop in that vicinity, is a partial
failure. A short distance out from the
river the long continued drouth has almost
completely ruined the crop, and in some
places it will not pay the expense of har
vesting. But along the margin of tho
river where tho dry weather was hot so
destructive, tho crop is at least nn aver
age one, and as respects quality, length,
weight of lint and fineness of fiber, is
equal to any ever grown in the country.
A .ood Joke.
We copy tho following excellent joke
from the Columbia (Texas) Democrat.
It is well known that the two gentlemen
referred to, have been at ' swords' points'
for some years past :
Gen. Sain Houston and Com. Moore,
on their late visit to Austin, occupiinl seats
in the same stage. Not a word was spo
ken by eidicr on the route. On entering
a hotel one day to dine, they were joined
by the driver. Moore having retired from
the table after dinner, says Houston to
" You probably have moro rascality on
board this trip, than you ever carried
Why ?" asked tho driver.
" You have Commodore Mooru along,"
was the reply.
H Ah General." Mtvs llie driver. " I iust
1SW1. OiMuuvo.WiijLluore make the sunie
reioaru, but it was on your account.- '
A Ureat Country.
An innocent and pure minded Jonathan,
ui a warm argument with a John Hull, on
our nations! institutions, was endeavoring
to floor his antagonist, who hud sneerinsrly
remarked that fortunately the Americans
could'nt go farther westward than the Pa
cific shore. Yankee searched his preg
nant brain for an instant, and triumphantly
replied " Why, good gracious, they're
already leveling the Rocky Mountains,
and carting the dirt out est. I had a
letter last week, from my cousin, who is
living two hiuidred miles west vt the IV
cific Jwre on niadt uiu."
Seme acuts philosopher says: "Poverty
is a aiseaso which can only bo cured by
juuusiry ana frugality. mis is a mis
take. A poultice, made of gold dust,
eptvad upon a lnk bill, will do the work
The reason that toni cats are so musi
cul, is !eeau.- they are alt fidd!e-striu.,
The aooJ "re always great the great
I ii"l alu'sys pood.
- - . - "
Croup ami Uhooidu, s. ; -Th.
The following receipts fory?-." Whoop.
ing-Cough and Croup, we -- i m the
N' V. F.venintr Post. Oil cacount of the
simplicity of the prescribed .wnedies, we
would recommend thir t?ial In those
Whoojrinx-CougA. The. b-st kind of
coffeej prepared as for thojalie, and giv
en as a common drink to ks chiirt a.i
warm as it can be drunk yv piece of
aluin for th patient to hckus often as it
may wish. Tlost children tire fond of
alum, and will get all they irM without
being urged, but if thcV-nlislike it,
they must be niad" . taste of it
eight or ten tunes m thef Jirse of the day.
It w ill rfTecttmlly break tip tho worst case
c.f whooping-cough, in a vcrvhort time.
To ndtdts or children in tho habit of tak
ing toffee, the remedy is good for nothing.
Croup. A piece of fresh Urd as largo
as a butternut, rubbed up with sugar, m
the same way that butter and sugar are
prepared for the dressing , of, puddings,
divided in three parts, and g'ven at inter
i . - u i
vats ot twenty? minutes, win . relieve any
case of croup not already alli to pro
gress to the fatal point, .. J V
., - ) t ,
' How to Wasli Fir "ol, . .
Fonis washerwomca-1 pw, 4 quite
knack in washing flannel so as to prevent
it fulling. It is not the soapsuds nor rin
sing waters that thicken up Jlatinel in
washing, but the rubbing of it, Cloth is
fulled by being " pounced and jounced" in
the stocks of the fulling-mill with soapsuds.
The acticn of rubbing flannel on a wash
board, is just the same as that of the full-iner-mill.
Flannel, therefore, should al
ways be washed in very strong1 soap-suds
which will remove the dirt and grease, by
squeezing, better than hard ribbing will
in weak soapsuds. It should also be
rinsed out of the soap in warm water, and
never in cold, as the fibres of the wool do
not shrink up as much in warm as in cold
water, after coming out of wart soapsuds.
Great care should be taken to rinse the
soan completely out of the flaiiiet This
advice will apply to the washing of blan
kets the same as it does of hantel.
Camphor a Ilemedy ftf Mice.
Any one desirous of keenng seeds
from the depredations of mice,' can do so
by mixing pieces of gum cainpiipr in with
the seeds. Camphor placed i$ drawers
or trunks will prevent mice from doing
them injury. The little animal, objects to
the odor, and keeps a good distance rrom
it ; he will seek his food elsewhere.
To take tJrease out of Cloth.
The following is a cheap, simple and
efficacious receipt for taking grease out of
cloth : A fluid made of an ounce of liquid
ammonia and four ounces of alcohol mixed
with an equal quantity of waler. There
is no better preparation. ' : f
To ltemove Creases from Velvet.'
Tass the under side of the ytVetffently
over a warm smouUu-iroriIJ3"one'
person hold the velvet tight al" another
puss the iron; then swead out the gar
ment, nnd brush lightly yet brukly with a
velvet brush. j
To Prevent Moth.
In the month of May beat your furs
with an elastic stick, then wrap them in
inn with piece of gum camphor, box
them up, and put them in a drk place.
V oolen goods should be kept in the same
way. - 1
The Vinegar riant
The readers of this Journ&l will, I
make no doubt, excuse me if I 'five them
my experience of this most use'ul thing,
which I really feel fairly qualifud io chat
about, having nearly made all iy vinegar
in this way for eight years, luring this
period I have given scores of plants away;
in fact, I have done all I could to trot oth
ers to do as I have done especully poor
coltagers, feeling" assured that it ras their
best plan. In order to convey a iist idea
of what it really is, I may as will quote
its character from the pages of the " Gar
dener's Chronicle," which is, presume,
a good authority in botanical matters. The
extract runs thus: "This is nothing more
than the spawn of a fungus, tor mould
plant, called Penicillium Glancim; it is
of the same nature as thosei -lots and
scums which in the language of house
keepers, render many kinds of fliid moth
ery. It undoubtedly has the property of
converting sugar and water into-inegar."
And now for my practice: M iar. in
which I have always made it, lolds five
quarts ; into this I put one pound of sugar
Hnd three-quarters of a no'.tndr'Llreaele.
I then pour hot water ou toyQeolve it,
numg me jar nearly full; it ia ow care
fully stirred until thoroughly resolved,
and when about milk-warm, tfi vinegar
plant is set afloat on iu surface A cloth
is then tied careftdly down, to feclude all
dust, and the jar is set in our kit hen on a
shelf in a warm corner. It retires com
monly about fivt or six weeks:; but if not
wanted, it has remained for a ji-w weeks
longer. When wanted, the flantintr nlant
is carefully removed, and the foments of
the jar are passed through A serve, in or
der to obtain the vinegar clfar: it is then
bottled, corked, and placed among the
stores. The vinegar plant Is a thick clot,
generally about an imh or so in thickness,
and appears like a jelly of a leathery tex
ture: the young plants are produced un
derneath, several in one year. This sin
gular thing ippears toudam Jit- If to Ihe
form or sue of any vessel afijr a given
time. W use it fir general table pur
poses and for pick Lin n and am not
aware that I ever heard a complaint
hrnovM wn ilrinlf ton ilivitv 1 1 nloA-
(sure, we find a sediment st the bottom
) which embitters what we relished at first.
OnC of the most," ting cases of pre
sence of mhd ni4 sflf-possession of
which we have any rcufllection, came to
light on a trial which took place some
years since in Ireland. The story looks
like a fiction, but we have reason to be
lievo it true. .
A woman in traveling along n road to
join hja4ra2Tjand, who was a soldier and
qunfered at Athlone, ,was joined by a
pedlar who was going the same way.
They entered into conversation Juring-a
walk of some hours, but as the day began
to wane, they agreed that they should
stop at a house tf entertainment, and pur
sue their pedestrian journey the next day.
They reached an humble inn, situated m
a lonely spot by tho roadside, and fatigued
after a long day's walk, they were glad
to find themselves under the shelter ot a
roof. Having refreshed themselves by
the substantial supper set before them,
they expressed a wish to retire. They
were shown into the traveler's room, and
went io rest in their respective beds. The
pedlar, before retirins, had called the
iafUllord aside, and given into his keeping
his pack, which lie had. unstrapped from
hia back, till .morning, telling him that h
captained a considerable.' sum of money,
and much valuable property. They were
not long in bed before the pedlar fell into
a sound sleep ; but the poor woman, per
hap3 from' fatigue, or from thoughts of
meeting her husband next day, lay awake
A couple of hours might have passed,
when she saw the door slowly opened, a a
person entered, holding a light, which he
screened with his hand. She instantly
recognized in him one of the young men
she had seen below on to the landlord.
lie advanced wiib stealthy steii to the
bedside of the pedlar, and watched him
for a few seconds. He then went out
and entered again with his brother and
father, who held m his hand a large pew
ter basin. They went on tiptoe to the
bed where the pedlar lay in a deep sleep.
One of die young men drew out a knife,
and while the father laid the basin so as
to catch tho blood, he cut the poor victim's
throat from car to ear, A slight, half
nudible groan, and all was still save the
cautious movements of those engaged in
the fatal deed. They had brought in
with them a large sack, into which they
quickly thrust the unresisting body. The
poor woman lay silently in her bed, fear
ing that her turn would come next. She
heard low mutterings among tho men,
from whom she soon "gathered that they
were debating whether they should mur
der her too, as they feared she might
have it m her powerHo-betray them.
One of them said that ho was sure she
was fast asleep, and that there was no
occasion to trouble themselves more ; but
to make sure of this being the case, one
came to the bedside with the candle in his
hand, and the other with a knife. She
kept her eyes closed as if In sleep, and
had such complete command over herself,
as not to betray in her countenance any
sign that she was conscious of what was
going on. The candle was placed close
to her eyes, the knife drawn across close
to her throat ; she never winced, or show
ed by any movement of feature or of limb
that she apprehended danger. So the
men whispered that 0o was sound asleep,
that nothing was to be feared from her,
and they went out of the room, removing
the Back which contained the body of the
murdered man. How long must that
night of horror have seemed to the poor
lone woman how frightful was its stiff
ness and darkness! The presence of
mind which had so astonishingly enabled
her to act a part to which she owed her
life, sustained her through all the trying
scenes which she had yet to pass. She
did not hurry from her room at an un
seasonable hour, but waited until sht
heard all the family astir for some time :
she then went down and said she believed
she had overslept herself in consequence
of being greatly tired. She asked where
the pedlar was, and was told that he was
in too great a hurry to wait for her, but
that he had left sixpence to pay for her
She sat down composedly to that meal,
and forced herself to partake with an ap-
parent appetite oi me rooa set oetore her,
the appearea unconscious ot the eyes
which with deep scrutiny were fixed upon
her. When the meal was over she took
leave of the family and went on her way
without the least appearance of discom
posure or mistrust, fine had proceeded
but a short way when she was joined by
two strapping looking women. One look
was sufficient to copvinca her that they
were two young men, and one thought to
convince her that she was yet in their
power, and on the verge of destruction.
They walked by her side, entered into
conversation, asked her where she was
going, and told her that their road lay the
same way ; they questioned her as to
where she had lodged the night before,
and made most minute inquiries about the
lauiuy innaoiting the house of entertain
ment. Her answers were nuitn unom.
barrassed, and she said the people of the
house had appeared to be decent and
civil, and had treated her very well. For
two hours the young men continued by
her side conversing with her, and watch
ing with the most scrutinizing glances
any change in her countenance, and ask
ing questions which, had she not been
fully self-jHJssessed, might have put her
off her guard. It was not till her druad
ed companions had left her, and till she
saw her husband coming along the road
to meet her, that aha lost her self com
mand whicH she had to successfully ex
ercised, and throwing herself into his
anus fainted away.
follow foriuy they never
Making the Character.
There is a little anecdote current of a
distinguished iiian who auMHjtiiplished so !
much within any eiven period of his life
as to provoke the question how ha could
possibly have done H. Hit answer was
very simple "When 1 have anything to
do, I do it," This is only another phrase
to express the idea of indomitable perse
verance, ana indomitable perseverance is
one of the most' important elements of
success in anything, and of human greatness.-
' "" " ' .;
There is not probably a man who has
any ambition, any desire to succeed in
life, any purpose to which he aspires, but
is sensible of the importance of sustained
effort for its fulfilmeut. . Yet the world is
full of people who, with a Just sense of
this relation of cause and effect, remit ap
plication, overlook or heglect small things,
postpone tnose more important, ana in
dulge a disposition for present ease at the
expense of future embarrassment, excess
of labor, and the risk of success. To
such people the duties of life are a con
stant source of perplexity and" irritation,
and in the end frequently of -an over
whelming despondency. The nervous
system irregularly employed, is af length
unequal to the accumulated burthene & is
required to sustaifi, yields to the pressure,'
the health is auected, and, hnally, the
whole system, mental and physical, suc
cumbs to the consequences of the defect
of character. '
It is very common for this class of men
to excuse themselves by a mode of argu
ment they would object to in others.
They see others pushing earnestly and
successfully onward in the career of life,
always employed, always earnest, always
energetic, and they ascribe to these, con
stitutional qualities which they do not
themselves possess. The meaning of this
amounts to something more than they
would like to confess. It is in iact an ad
mission to this purport: "They can I
can t. .Lven a reeling of this sort should
be at once put aside as unmanly, and en
tirely inconsistent with the essential au
ties of life.
We do not contendfor a moment that
such constitutional differences are not
common to men. Thev certainly are
and we perceive thera very distinctly
marked, both in fact and eflect. But they
are by no means to be regarded as with'
out remedy, or even without some coun-
terbalanciriir Quality of mind. Defects of
character should early engage the atten
tion of . vounir men, and especially at the
outset in business Me. Ihe adaptation
of the character to the requirements of
business principles should be carefully
considered, and wherever it is deficient
and infirm, there the redeeming purpose
should be sedulously applied, liut
rarely happens that the man conscious of
particular defects fails to exhibit other
Qualities which eo far to retrieve them,
And an intelligent knowledge of a man's
own self is the best assurance he can
possess of his ability to correct, harmonize
and regulate the energies of bis mind.
On the other hand, men woo seem to
possess unusual qualities conducive to
progress and success, if they were better
known, or even severely scrutinized
would often prove lamentably deficient in
those elements of character which at once
enrich, dignify and embellish life, and
prove inexhaustible sources of Happiness.
In this respect the effect of diverse char-
actenstics about equalizes the general
condition of humanity; while the man
who sedulously cultivates his character is
he who alone rises to the highest enioyw
ment of life in prosperity, and is best
armed for an encounter with adversity.
Nascilur turn fit is an old adage that
used to be applied to the poets "born
not made. But it does not follow that
born poet would not make a good parson.
a merchant, doctor or lawyer. It is true
such men are rather chary of a poetical
reputation but within the current century
we have had increasing evidences of the
compatibility of hiffh poetic genius and
great literary endowments with the most
active and engrossing of the more prac
tical vocations of life. One venerable
man, the poet and banker Rogers,
striking illustration in point, has just gone
to his rest. In our own country we have
a number of livirur instances of the prac
tical energy of the poetic mind. We do
not propose an inversion of the adage
that poets are not born and may be made
that the peculiar gifts of genius are to be
acquired. They can be improved. But
the illustration of theory we propose is to
the fact that the qualities of mindVithin
the ordinary compass of practical life may
be cultivated and applieu by ell men, and
the pursuits and occupations in which we
are respectively engaged be sustained and
prosecuted to success by the steadfast and
sedulous education of the character.
An interesting account is given in the
London TiWs of an ascent of Mount
Ararat, by five Englishmen. The na
tives believed the feat to be impossible,
and that the summit was guarded by di
vine prohibition. It is 17,323 feet above
the sea-level, and terminates in a pre
cipitous, snow-capped cone, which has
hitherto foiled all the attempts or ex
plorers. Maj. Robert Stewart, who was
one of the party, and who writes the ac
count of it from Erzeroum, states that on
reaching the top they stuck to the hilt in
the snow a short, double-edged sword.
They also drank the health of the Queen.
On this he observes, "Her Majesty's
name is, probably, the first that has been
pronounced on that solemn height, since
it was quitted by the great patriarch of
the human race, as no record or tradition
exists of the ascent having ever been
made before. ,
The man who was frightened by the
baik " a tree, is wppoI to be of r
Carry a thing , through. Persevere ;
don'r do anything else. If you once-
rainy, soundly, wide-awakely begin a
thing, let it be carried through, though it
costs you your best comfort, time, ener--ries,
and all that you can command. We'
heartily abominate this turning backward,
this wearying and fainting of . soul and'
purpose. It speaks imbecility of. mind,.
want or character, courage, true manh--ness.
; - .
Carry a thing through. Don't begin
it till you are fully prepared for its ac
complishment. Think, study, dig, tULyou'
know your ground, see your way. This
done, launch out with all your soul, heart,
and fire ; turn neither to the right nor
left. Push on giantly push " on, as
though creation had been waiting through
all time for your especial hand and spirit.
Then you'll da something" wctthy of your--self
and kind. Carry a thing through.
Don't leap and dally from one thing to
another. No man ever did anything thotf
way.' You can't' .
Be strong minded. Be hopeful, stern
and manly.- Don't disgrace youref by
being on this thing to-day, on that thing
to-morrow, and on another thing next
day. We don't caro if you are the most
active mortal! living we don't care if you..
abor day anil night, in season and out;
be sure the end of your life will show
nothing, if you change from object to ob
ject, iortune, success, fame, position,.
are never gained but by piously, deter
minedly, bravely, sticking, growing,' liv
ing to a thing, till it - is fairly accom
plished. - ; Y-
In short, you must carry a thine through,.
if you want to lie any body or anything.
No matter if it is hard. No matter if it
does cost you the pleasure, the society, the
thousand pearly gratifications of life. No
matter for these. Stick to the thing and
carry it through. Believe you were made
for the matter, and that no one else can
do it at all. Put forth your whole ener
gies. Stir, wake, electrify yourself, and
go forth to the task. Only once learn to
carry a thing through in all its complete
ness ana proportion, ana you will become
hero, xou will think better of your
self others will think better of you. Of
course they will. The world, in its very
heart, admires the stern, determined doer.
It sees in him its best sight, its highest
object, its richest treasure. Drive right
along, then, in whatever you undertake.
1 I . 1 rf . . j.
ionsiuer yourseii ampiy sumcient ior tne
deed. You'll be successful, never fear.
Singular Whale Fight.
We mentioned, says the Northern En
sign, that a whale, 62 feet long, had been
picked up at sea, and taken ashore at
Nybster, some 12 miles from Wick, Scot
It seems from information on which we
can rely that the whale was not, as is,
popularly supposed, drifted from the
Greenlandj seas, but that, he had fallen
only the previous day in single combat
between himself and another monster of
the deep. The conflict which took place
about a mile and a half from shore, and
which was witnessed from the land by a
number of fishermen and others, is de
scribed as having been protracted and
bloody. The two monsters kept battling
with each other, at times with their heads,
and at timet with their tails, raising a
tremendous spray for many yards. After
a close and fierce encounter they would
each retreat for a considerable distance,
and after a brief rest, would again meet
in collision, approaching each other with
locomotive velocity, at the rate of 60 or
60 miles an hour. On recovering from
the stunning effects of such a sudden at
tack, they would again resume the hand-to-hand
fight, rising up in the water,
springing up distances of from 20 to 30
feet, and coming down on each other with
fearful violence. Meanwhile the sea for
a great distance round about had assumed
a bright red color, indicating that an im
mense quantity of blood had been shed.
Other animals appeared to have fled from
the scene of the engagement; even birds
kept at a distance from it. For three
hours the battle was prolonged, at the'
close of which one of the whales became
motionless, and the other retired from the
field of battle. Next morning, as early
as four o'clock, the whale referred to was
found not far from the spot where the en
gagement took place, and from various
marks on his body, including a broken
'aw bone, there is no reason to doubt that
le was one of the two belligerents of the
previous afternoon The body gave every
indication of hcriag been but very tor&-"
The Collins IJne of Steamships
The New York Journal of Commerce
learns that since the government has de
cided to reduce the pay to the Collins,
line, on account "f the mail contract, the
company have resolved to reduce their
rate of speed, thereby avoiding an in
creased ratio of wear and tear, diminish
ing the consumption of fuel, and lessin
ing the size of tt e crews, arguing that if
the government cannot afford to pay for
great speed, private individuals cannot do
it. The greater economy of tho new ar
rangement is apparent from the fact that
the average consumption of coal per day,
at high speed, is eighty-five tons ; at low
speed, fifty-rive tons. This is a differ
ence eauai to $4,000 per voyage, and it
is calculated that the saving in wear and
tear of raachiuety will equal this amount,
so that the total laving on the twenty-six
round trips, at required by contract, will
exceed (200,000 per annum, or more
j than compensate for the loss of pay. 1 It is
claimed that then is nothing in the con
tract binding as io speed, but simply dial
I the vessels "shsll be wiik for hiehped."