title: 'Nebraska palladium. (Bellevieu City, Neb.) 1854-1855, April 11, 1855, EXTRA, Image 11',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
About Nebraska palladium. (Bellevieu City, Neb.) 1854-1855 | View This Issue
man nnl I'm U 1 r-y were burned, but by whom in i -ft in doubt by To avoid a similar outrage at lhe election for Slate officers, Slc,
,.,'tini'HV. to be held on Hie Kith n January, 1 S'.f., the election lor Lcaven-
. ,,r meaning of ti e rrscflc of lUansnn, .Ti nes was at the village worth District was appoint! l to be brlil at Kloii, ami (lie time
rauklin, mar Lawrence. 'J In- rescue was spe ki n of in tbp ; postponed until the; Hlli ol 'January, lS.'ni. On the way lo the e ice
nre of Jones, and more cniivoisaiion passou 01 iwi-on iwei iiiiuth hum, persons were slopped iiy a party ol mm at a gnu-fry, nlHi inlr
a to w In-tin r it w as iihhi iopi r m wim ior pssini- : guns taut n linn tin in. l Miring the afternoon, part leu rame up to
ooiir, in Wnwiti, or io i.e. v. .-inn in n. jc in s '.M mo piaec cii cioe iii n aim threatened to destroy (he ballot box, and
h and handed it to a messenger. .' sea n us op stain o, wi re gumy oi nincr uimli i,t and abusive cnndurt. Alter tbe polls
l it n..i. iu I ,Lnur inv ilimin r 1 lo llissi.lir..cimlliV,Uk-i'lni iisi,rl timti v ul llm mil a I...... , nl - -f -1 1 - ....
f 1 Sit 1 11, 1 i'i I II I ii ii i no, ,i'is ii j I j - . ....... j ... , miiiLlB wt-inK n'in 111 IIHITC Ol nil HUill K,
,1 1 will have revenge ln-loro I rc Missouri." A pern n present, ; were armed in tbe bouse where tbe elertiiin bad been beld, until
urns examined as a witness, c omplained publicly tbat tbe di s- the m-xt Inorhiiiir. Lain that night, Ste phen Spark, w ith bis son
j, was not iciil to Ibe Covert. eir; and within ball an hour one arid nephew, started for borne, his route running bv tbe store of a
irnt to the Covcrtior by Jone s, through llau'otis. Within a j Mr. Dawson, w hcic a large party of armed mpn ball rollerled. As
das huge nun, bets ol nun lioni me siaip m jmissi un gaiinrrti : up approiu tied, these men ele matietocl tbat lie should surrender, and
i 81,,-iitni'rd on the Wiikniu-.a 'l i e y brought w ith them all the gathe red abi ul him to n.forre the dematui. Information was carried
by a man in the company of Mr. Sparks to the house where the c lec
tion had been he ld. Ii. 1'. l;rown and a company of men immedi
ately went down to re lie ve Mr. Snarks.and did relieve him when hp
l.i'i. nan!, (Iheii in charge) ihov toe, K the e-annon, lnnke ts, ; was in imminent ilanger, Mr. Sparks then started hac k with Mr.
stead of protecting tbp people, were in some instances engaged in
these nut races, mid in no instance did we barn that any mini was
nrrcste d, jnilieii'd or punished for ny of the se crime s While such
ofli ii es were committed with impunity, the laws we re use d as n nieins
of i nil ii t in ji me n for holding elections, preliminary to framing a con
stiiiiiion mid applying for admission into the Union lis the State of
Knnsiis. Charges ol high treason were mnele sciolist promiiieni cit
izens upon grounds which seemed to your Committee absurd and
ridiculous, and unrlr r these charge s they are now lield in custody and
are refused the privilege of bail. In several cases men were arrested
in the Suite ol' Missouri, while passing on their laii'ul business
through that Stale, and detained until indictments could fie found in
These priii-peelings were followed by on offence, of still greater mag
nit, ule. Unde r color of legal prof e ss, a company of about "JltO armed
men, n great body of whom your committee, are satisfied were not citi
zens of the Territory, marched into the town of I awrence, under Mar
sha! Donaldson and S. J. Jones, officers chinning to net under the law,
and bombarded and then burned to the ground a valuable hotel anil
de r. harness, and inili-e l nil the tnatei i. ill and muni tie ns ' I trow n and bis party, and w bile en their wav were! fireel upon by the I one private bouse ; drs-trcrcd two printing presses and materials ; and
then, iM'ing relcase-el Iiy the: eimrcrs, whose posse they ciiiimen to lie,
proeeeejeel lo srn-k, pillage and rob houses, stores, trunks, &c, even to
the clothing of women and children. Some of the leile rs thus unlaw
fully taken, were private ones, written by the contcating de legate, and
hey were otli-rn) in evidence. Your Committee did not derm that the
persons holding them had any right thus to use tin in, and re tu d lo be
in.-iile the instruments to report private letters thus obtained.
This force was lint resistnl, lie-cause it w as collected and marshaled
under the forms of Inw. Hut this net of barbarity, unexampled in the
liisinry of our government, was followed by its natural consequences.
All the restraints which American citizens are nee usion.dd to pay
. -ji! i l.t Ol v;ir ; in i iiiiiiii tin in n I'.Miv i:i ii" ii eiinie i ine inn i
, !if Jiiile T. V. Tholii'oii, htokc n to the lute d Stall s Arse-nal
A 1 1 1 1 v at Liberty, Missouri, anil niter a forcible e.lete iition ol
i i .. . i' ii 1 I. 1. ............ i n i ... 'n j .t ... i i .. i . i
. axi lacy eiesireu, si'ine n.- i i'.i ii n. iii i.i u ii in li.-i i'hii;. iii'y leiurneii me nre, ano an irregular imni Mien
count ed lor. i ensued, in v hie h a man by the name of Cook, of the Pro-Slavery
'Pit i -hief hostility of this military foray was against the low n of ; pat ty, received a mortal wounel, and (wo of the Free State party
,,rein-e, and this was cspee-i.illy tbe ease with the ejllie ers of tbp were sliebtly wounded.
-;T ' Mr. Ill-own, with se ven others who hail accompanied him from
V mr committee can si p in tlip testimony no reason, excuse or pal- Leavenworth, staite-d on lb -ir return home. When ihey bad proceed
! -.in for this fe eling, t'p to this time no warrant or proclamation j eel a part of the way, tin y were slopped and taken prisoners by a par-
( ,r. kind had been in the bands of any ollicer against any ritien j ty of mm ceil he! the Kieknpoo Hangers, under the comma ne! of Cap.
i Lawrence.. No arrest hail been attempted, and no writ resisted , tain John V. Martin. They were disarmed anil taken lia' k to Kns
that to" 'ii. Tlie rescue of I'ranson sprang out of a mtireh r com- ton, anil put in 1 tawson's store. I'.rown wax separated from the rest
T ....j il.irii.nn tint es fi-oin 1 .aw re n r-e. in a di't ached si-tl leliient . unci ol his nail V. mid IliUen into the ollire nf V. K rl rotler 11 v I his lime
n"i ' . . . : ' : . .
.,i -.r tlie low n nor its citizens extended any protection to liran- several ol JNhirlm s party and some of tlie citizens of tlie place had be-1 even io inc appearance oi inw were uirown on ; one mi oi vioie nine us.
.,,.. 4i in rs. tin the contnrv, two or thre-e ei.ivs alter the rescue'. : come intoxicate-d ami ejtiin sse il a ile-ierminnlioii to kill llrown. Cnpt. ' Il another, Imniiciiles became frcqueui. A party uncle r II. C. I'ate,
,;-- 1 .......... .. -. . T . ' . - i ' 1 .1....11.. .cn:i e a i : .... n t ..L. I .,.
v ' Wood, w ho cl iiiiieit puiuieiy to ne one ol tlie rescuing party, ; ,ianin was uesiroiis io, ami elu! nil in his powe r to save nun. m vi-r-1 i"'"i "r " on " -i i i , (., . j
. a ... i. I I..F Ho ...,.,...tn ..I ii.uiii.,, el,.. 'r..r.,i,.,...l I-...U .i In. in. u-ern si., i.i in ,1 i.n .i-.r... l ..... 1. 1 I ... ,l,, u ,i h lirnu-n i tuirtv ol si tilers : CIIHl wliile: vour V. llllllo litre were HI V CSIiOri
,!! cd on to Sheiil! Jones and shook hands with hiui.and ex- und Ins party. In the minntiiiiee
S i'i"d other roiirtpsiC't. Mi' conbl liavc iieen arresie
- r d-iheiilt v, arid it w as his design, w heoi he went to Mr.
I'll! HT' 1"'", Olll no .on -111(1
, J ii i-i obvious that the oi
"U of he citizen" f l.l
i! HIT' ili'd, '"'I no attriiijit w .is u.ade to Ho so.
n 1 v cause eif tins hostility is the known dp-
uvroncp to make Kansas a free state, and
r ri'i'iignaiice to laws imposed upon tin III by lion residents.
v mi I'liiiimitle-e' do in t prop.ose to detail tbe incidents connected
v ii tl.is foray, fortunately lor the peace of the country, a direct
;itrt between 1 lie
at v est ort, a
without the knowledge of Ins nan v. I company, clnellv MisMiunaiis, iii-coiiinanied hy the acting de legate.
ed without ; Cnpt. Martin liU-rat.il nil of Drown's Mirtv hut himself, and aided ! went to relieve i'ate and his party, and a collision whs pieveniid hy
r Jones, to the in in their escape-. The crowu rcpe ate illy tiled to get in the room i ibe L nited Slates troops. Civil nr basseeniiel inipe nding in the
where lSiowii was, and at one. time, sin ceeili il, but were put out by
Martin and others. Martin, finding further etlnrts on his part to save
Hrown was use le ss li ft mid went home. The crowd then got pos-
i . . I I 11 I 'l'l.
si ssion ol lirown. unit linally hutcheae-il him 111 cold liiood. J I
wound of which he duel was inflicted with a hatched by a man of the
riaiiic of (jibsoii. A Iter he hud bee n mortally wounded, I'.n.wn was
niniosiiii forr.. was nvnii1e.il bv em nniiciiblp 1 sent home with C Inn le-s J hum. and cJ led that night. io attempt was
Insse s sustained by the settlers in property taken, made: to arn-st or punish live iiiunlerers of lirown. Many of them
1 me, nev expended ill their own (lclence. adde d much ere well known cilizens, and some ol tlicin were olli. ersol the law.
,i tiu'm incident to a new settlement. Many persons were un-1 tl" m xl Liranel Jury, winch sat in l,eavenwoitii t,ouniy, ine
li'.v taken and detaine l-in some cases under circumstances of I Kbentl snmmeuied several of the; persons 11.1t.t1cat.sJ m i lls murder.
i - .seruiltv. This was especially so in the arrest and treatment of' ',"f "' lUFm w"s M' 1 Uiv,,1y.ul ll';it llinc 1 rru?"?rr '" ""' -"'""y-(..:
A.C.ith-r and ti. f. Warren: They were taken without cause ' ' llFP" 'X"""""! w itnc ss U toie us. 1 ,c reason he gives
L iit. sixty miles from Lawrence", and when Ir .Cutler was why " indictments wee found is, "1 hey killed one of thcl riwSlav-
la-ltij'sick. Tlu v were compelled to gei to the camp, at Lawrence,
(ml into tlie custody ol Sberitl Jones, w ho bad no process to
st lliem Ihey were; taken into a small room kept as a liquor
Inch was opuii and very col l. That night Jones rami' in
. fi'hcrs, and went to ' playing poker at 2'i cents ante." The
icrs were obliged to sit up all ninht, as there was no room to
fr. a.3y. n whe the men were pbiyini;. Jones instilled them fie-
. ntly, and t"bl one of them he must either " te ll or swing. I he
efii then objected to this treatment of prisoners, and Jones desist
fi. f . Warren thus describes their subsequent conduct :
They then carried ns down to their camp. Kelly, of the Siuat
' SncrrrigH, who lives in Atchison, came round and said he
stf 1 lor hluol, and said he houhl like to hang us on the first
! ! Cutler was very weak, and that excited bun so that he be
.1' delirium. The-)' sent for three doctors who came. Dr.
-.J1.-U oiv was one of them. They remained there with Cutler
' it C li-r mi Inight, and then took him up lo t he oilii e, as it w is
v fold in c.iinp."
U tfiag the 1'ir.iv, e-ither George W. Chirk or Mr. Burns, murdered
Territory. Nothing ran pre vent t-o gre at a ridamny hut the pres
ence of a large force of Unites) Suites troops, unde r a coiiiinandi-r w ho
will with prurience anil discretion quiet the excited passions of both
parlies, and expel with force lhe armed banils of lawless men, coming
Ire m Missouri and elsew here, who with criminal pertinacity infest the
In some cases, anil as to one entire election district, the condition of
the. country prevented lhe al Inula in e id w itnesse s, w lie w cie i ul i r ar
rested or detained while obeying our piocess, or deterred from so doing.
The aergennt-at-arms who rved the process upon them was himself
nrrestee), nnd ileliuned for a short lime, by an armed force, claiming to
be a part of the posse of the Marshal, but was allowed to proce ed upon
an examination of his papers, and was furnished with a pass signed
by " Warren D. Wilkes, of Souih Carolina." John Upton, another
ollicer of the committee, was subsequently stopped by a law less force
on the borders of the Territory, hnd oiler being detained and trealcel
w ith gri'.it indignity, was released, lie, also, was furnished with a
miss, signed bv two citizens of Missouri, nnd addressed lo " Pro-Sluv-
were made to find out who acted as Judge, and Clerks on lhe 17th of try men." Hy reason ol these disturbances we. were delayed in West
cry men, ami tlie I'ro-Mavery men Killed one oi me tuners, nnu i
thought il was about nmiiinl." The same (iranel Jury, however,
found hill of indictments against those w ho ticti d as judges of the
free State election. Rively says; " I know our inmost endeavors
port so that while in session there our time was but partially occupied.
tint lhe obstruction which created the most serious embarrassment
to your committee was the attempted arrest of Ciov. Rceder, the con
testing delegate, upon a writ of nttai hmenl issued against him by
January last, and at al! tlie Is.gus eh ctieins held by the Abolitionists
here. Va wern very aiixiuuit lo iiuel llieni out, na we thought them
Venn- I 'iirnmillrip. io lhe ir pr .mi i n. it inns have found that ill no case :
of crime or homicide, mentioned in the report or in lhe testimony, has Judge I-ccompte, to compel his attendance ns a witness belore tbe
any indictment Iieen found ii'aiiist the guilty paity, except in the bom-'. Crand Jury of Douglass County. William fane, recently from the
icide oH.l.uk by Mi-Crea, Me-Crea being a free. State, man. i State of th orgia and claiming to be the Di puty Marshal, came into
Your Committecdid not deem it within their power or duly to take 1 the room of the Commune while Gov. Heider was examining a wit
ti siiniony as to evenis which have transpired since the dale of their m-ss la-fore us, end producing the writ, required Governor Itwlerlo
eepiminlineii!; but as some of the events tended Re rionsly lo embarrass, attend him. Subsequent events have strengthened the conviction of
hinder mid delay their investigations, they de em il prope r hue to re- ; your Committee thai this was a wanton ami unlawful inli-rlerenre hy
fir to them. ( )u their an ival Tntbe Territory the people were arraye-il tlie Judge who issued the writ, tending greatly to obstruct a full and
in two hostile panics. The hostility of them was coin n.nally increas- fair investigation. Governor K.eeler ami General Whitfield alone were
e-. during our stay in the Territory ,'by the arrival of armed bodies of fully possessed of thai local information which would enable us to
,. i,r, i..., .1,..;. ..,.,0, ,,.,. na ....,.. .,,.1 I., full., ur ibe ne lid imr. ! elicit the w hole truth, nnd it was obvious to every one that any event
..... P..!...- ul.ili, .ho tin..- ..... .. el,.. I, . I.;. ..,,.1 I " 1" " V I "l" 1 ., 1 . ...1. ...1 ...1.1 ;.. c.i .1.. .1.1
'" "" ' " "'-; t " " '' 1 S111S of hie, but niuiiii and orgaoizeil into compaiiies apparently mr " " oiuu . .n,...; 1 n m 1 un o. 01...1 mt . ,.,,,i..,orr ,,u.u
i .i-.vri'lice to nis claim. 110111 nre'ii at nun, arm 11 is impewsiiu,- . , , 1 .1 ,1,.,...,,;,,.. ,, neisons and nropertv while pass- , sarily liniiler, de lay anil rinli.irruss it. Uovcrnor liecner claimed 1 licit
m J, .f prool to te-ll wnose snot was iat.il. I lie details 01 mu m m- , iw, t1.l ,. Sl ,. (- M u leotiri, and Iiy fn-quem forcible Reizuri sof
,'lejirc state 1 by eye vvilnesses. I pe rsons and property ill the 'I'eriiloi y wilhout legal wnrranl. Vour
AUM the many acts ol I.hvImm violence vvhnh it has been tlie 1 Ci.miuiltee r.-ret that they were rf.ni'll.sl to witness instances of each
"ur Cotumilti-e to investig ite, this invasion of Lawrence is ! i-,.,.s,, ,..,." c .,,.,. While holehng llieir session at Wcsiport. I
under lhe cirenoislanccs in which he. was placed he was privileged
from arrest exee pi for treason, h-lony, orbreaedi o! the peace. As
this was a question of privilege, proper for lhe courts, or lor ibe riv-
ileged peusoii ulone 10 di'lermine on Ins J ill, we cleelini d lo give bun
sitlin" ieh'g.ile,"they saw several bodies of I any prolei-liou or lake any ariion in the matter, lie refused to olicy
. 1 r . I . . , c .. ........ .1
. m hi eii'ii lie i ii's. ii ,111 11-.11 isi ill ill lie. i.it is in it- I. v 1 1 11 i lie- i t t I. - . .. c . I .
1 it - ... - ... ... , . . , . - 1 1 11 . lie 1 in. ii'oiii'si 01 1 lie
, iai stjii'ineni-e 01 ine; oinccrs 01 11.1; governim-iu, win sno-.v now rlll,.,j nu n, Confessedly citize ns of M issonri, inarcli into the le-iriiory me wrii, uencving 11 11. oe 11 ine.e pu-ie nic 10 1 n.r i-umiij 01 ins pe 1
!, 'jt wlflulcM were the pretexts w hich gave rise to it. A community (,M fl,r((ys '-,Mjnst its citizens but umler the .'pretence of enforcing lhe son, line) fe aring, ns he alleged, thai he would lie assassinated hy law
. " Sri wrtb-h no rrime had been committed by any of its iiiiiilii r-s, ruHi-trn.-nm TM-lnre; rffc-i retl In.' The wagons of emigrants were sleep- I less bunds ol me n w hen gathering in nud near Lecompton. He then
, r'. .V'lit'W ii'itic ol wlmm liad a warrant heeri issue ! or a complaint made;, .., n t. ,,,riw.-iys and searched without claim of le gal powers, and I left the; Territory.
0 U'rj k.,1 resisted m process in the ham Is of a real or pretended ofli- .. .,;.,,?.. ..... ..11 .1...;, n,wnv n.ken from thee... In Leaven- Siibsciueiiily, II. Miles Moore, an attorney in Leavenworth City,
.is threatened willi destruction in tlie name of "law and
'. 'Tj an 1 that too hy men who marched from a tieuglihoring state,
. it-, fi:, obt.iin-d by lori-e, and who, in every stage of their prog
; n--. Vi'i.jti-d many la.vs, ami among others the Constitution of the
llntefl Mate s.
Thi chief guilt f it must resl on Sumiirl J. Jones. Ilisrharacter
11 ;i'i''rted hv his liing'iage at Ij'coli.pton, where peace was made.
f.V .-5iJ, " Major Clark and I'.urns both chiinu-d the credit of killing
-.! 'it 4 J aie.i it inn i-t , and he einl'nt know which .iiglit m have i.
'!! S. Mir, .111 h.nln't been a d 1 old fue.J, i it pein e ne ver would have
;'-'i 'Ic- lared. He would have whipped Lawrence out. lie hail
' :i-.i 1 tfe! means enough to tin it "
Siiatt'y alter the retreat of the f rces frm before Lawr'-nre, tlie
'i ll, uno'i the ailopiion of the Slate Constitution w .is held at
' " '' .-hfre-.ve.rtb City, on tlie 1Mb Iteeemlie r, lv'i '.. While it was pro-'-"
-'iag 'I'lietly, atioiit noon, Cliai h s Imnri, with a party of others,
"-'rhfd 111 the window of the; building in which the election was
' " i ' 1; I ' ld, and then jumped into I he room w here the judges el elec
"" !'-',,n tre sitting, and drove them et" (larof lhe rle tks ed e leel.on
:;it 1 V(!c'j ,1 III, II. billot Iw.V :,.! fi.llo,-...,! It,., in, I, .in f )....,-. ii.ir l.
x behind the counter of an adioiiiing room thruut'h which he
ed on hia way out. As he got to the street ibmr, lluim caught
!' (hp throat, i-jnd t'lisheel him 110 a-'ai n it thpoiil-iile of the
i 11 5 (niib'.ii.!, and demaii'l.-d the ballot box. Then Dunn anil another
pi-iitsiiur't llln jn tie f trt. ;,,) j,,, (, jn)l) ni, . t1(i rrwd
Iwiflfon him and kicked him on (be bead and in bis side-
ariner the eb-i-tioti was broken up, Dunn and his party
c bnll-'t tiox and c:irring it oil'.
...... in.. iii.i,.iu.i.s nil tin.ir riini j-h u
worth City leadui" cil:ena were arrested at noonday in our prrsi nee, 1 but for several yrnis a citizen of Weston, Mo., kindly furnished the
hv an armed fore..'; without any clr.im of authority, exce pt that deriv- Committee. 1 nfi.i unit 11 .11 as 10 the reside lire of pc-isotis voting at the
eel lioni a s.lf constituted C litlce of Vigilance, many ot whom i elections, nnu 111 some cases examined wonesses .nauir us newas
wi te legislative an I executive oiriecrs. Some were rele ased on prom- nrrestesl on lhe streets ol tint town by an armed band of about tinny
to leave the Territory and others, after Is-ing detain, d lor a tune, men, lie aueu oy v . . vv iik.-s, wiinoiii any co.or 01 iieiiiioruy, cuu-
isiii" In h ave the 1 erritoi v. and
were tol'tna 11 v notified to leave, under the severesi penallies. 1 heonly
olli-nce charge! against them was their political opinions, and no one
was thus arrested for alleged crimes of any giadc. There was no resistance-to
these lawle ss acts by the sctil-rs, lie. ause, in their opinion,
the persons engaged ill them would be sustained and reinforced by the
CinZ.i llS Clt the populous lairiler COIIIHUS OI .Missouri, 11 ni.e-.nr
fined with other citizens, nuclei- a military guard for twenty-lour hours,
and then notilii-d to h iiv. lhe Territory. Ilia te stimony was regarded
as important, and upon his swum nine -men I that it would endanger his
person to give il openly, lhe mnjoriiy of your Committee deemed il
proper lo examine him ex parte, and did u.
Iiy reason 01 inese occurrences, ine coniesiani nndinepuriyw u.il
they were onlvi ieniiratcd by the river. In one case witnessed by your : and for whom he. actesl were unrepresente d before us during a greater
portion of the time, and your Committee were required 10 ascertain
the li nlli in the U st mannei- they could.
Vour ('oniniiiu-e report the billow ing; facts and conclusions as es
tablished by the testimony.
f iist - That each election in the Territory held under the organic, or
alleged territorial law, has !s en carried by organized invasions lioni
the Stale of M issonri, by which the people of lhe Territory have bi en
prevented from cxeicUiiig the 1 i"his secureel lo ihriu by the organic
f, .11,1 Ibeni without compensation. ui. . , , ..
nod lil.l.ronrialed. tlxell Were taHen .-s.-couu nm ain:.-i .nii...i..i s. 3, ..Mien iii'm ton;
f a.inmitiee an nnnl ical 1011 (or lhe writ id habeas corpus w as prevent.
ul bv the iir-ei it s'lheitnion of I'io Slavery men, who insisted that it
would endanger the life of the prisoner to he discharged under Ir
While we remained in tlie Territory, repe ated acts of outrage were
committed u; the quiet, tinulieiidu'ig citizens, of which we received
authentic mielii"cne-e. Men were attacked on the highway, robls-d,
..... I .,,1, si oueeiltf imprisoned. Men were seizeil and searcne.i, aim
tlieir weapons of rie fence taken
from 'the yoke 'while iilowin and butchered in the presence of their i cons.iiuied body, and had 1.0 power to pass valid laws, and their en
'. . 1 1 : . .1 - i- ,1. ..,,.,,. ,.- nriinciils are lliei 'lnie. null and void.
iiuum I lue V111111" lilllll w as seizi-'l 111 1111; mi'. " - '., ..
Ate hisoii. and under ciri-uinsi.inci-s of gioss barbariiy was lavrcd and
Ci.tioned. and in thai condition was w ot lo his fcindy.
' r . 1 I '. I
ng 1 provisions ot lhe V onsiiiuu hi 01 un-
J sons and property, arc utterly elisre iid
Uiiiiei) S'a'es seeiiring per
il. The olHccrs ol'ihe law, 111-
ed laws have not, as a general thing, been
I property, to punish wrung, but for uiilaw-
Thinl That the se, allcg
used to prole CI persons I
t iiunli That the election under w liidi thr; silling del -eate, John