title: 'Nebraska Advertiser (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882, September 15, 1899, Image 5',
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About Nebraska Advertiser (Brownville, Nemaha County, N.T. [Neb.]) 1856-1882 | View This Issue
ARE NOT SATISFIED.
Indians Vigorously Opposed to the
Division of Their Lands.
Present Condition of AfTnlrm In the
Creek Nation, Iiidlnu Territory,
la Not lluitMMtirlnu; Trouble
Special Chetocah (I. T.) Letter.
The troubles over the ullotinent of
lands to Indians seems to be increas
ing. The full-blooded Indians do not
wish the land divided, but prefer that
the title remain in the tribes. The
recent law allots to each member
of a family 1G0 acres. As many of
the Indians have large families, they
will get good-sized farms. On an aver
age, the Indian cultivates only 40 or
80 acres. Under the tribal laws he can
locate as much as he wishes. Then he
leases it to white men. A few junipers
fence a tract of several thousand acres
and lease It to n white man for a cat
tle ranch. The Indians live in idleness
on the revenues. They naturally op
pose the allotment, and so do the Amer
ican holders of leases to these large
tracts. Another element, the ftill
"blooded Indians, are also in opposition,
because they read their fate in thus
placing the lands within the reach of
the pale face. The law also provides
that the present leases shall be reduced
to 100 acres per capita, under a penally
or not less than $100 a day. Strangely,
the law makes no provision for a sur-
CIVILIZED INDIAN FAMILY
vcy, and if the work is done by the
lessees they will make liberal allow
ances for themselves. There will be
many prosecutions, instigated in many
instances by those who want the land,
and this may lead to the usual war and
vendetta. The lessees will send .i dele
gation to congress this winter in their
own interests, and the full-bloods, who
arc opposed to the allotment, will also
send a delegation to have a "big talk"
with the white chiefs who make the
"bad laws against the Indian."
As these lands are perhaps the most
valuable, they will be much sought
after when the allotment is made. A
pale face cattle rancher, who holds
10,000 acres under the blanket lease of
a few Indians who have jumped the
land, will be dispossessed of all except
the quantity the Indians are entitled
to under the allotment, which may be
one-half or one-fourth, according to
the number in each family. For ex
ample, one rich Indian in the Creek na
tion lias jumped about 5,000 acres, and
as he has a family of only four per
sons, he will lose nearly all of his land.
The United States attorneys have or
dered the marshals to cut down the
wire fences of these illegal holdings,
nnd this may precipitate the trouble.
The Indian is now prohibited from lo
cating more than 100 acres for each
of his family, and this wholesale land
grabbing will doubtless be checked.
White men are behind the Indian
jumpers. The aim is to give to each
Indian a home where he must reside
permanently. Under the tribal laws
he moved to any unoccupied land when
be wished. It belonged to the nation;
and he was one of the tribe. lie paid
neither rent nor taxes, and was happy.
A disaffectedveleinent, under Musk
ratt, Whirlwind and (J rills, will soon
emigrate to Mexico.
The "townsite" matter is another
impending trouble. When the pale
faces swarmed into the territory, they
leased lauds from the nation in which
they located, or from an Indian, who
held by the right of the ".squatter.1'
This is the Fame condition in towns,
and on farming lands. No one has a
title to the land on which he lives. He
has a lease, or temporary claim, and
can only sell his squatter's claim and
the improvements. On these temporary
occupations vlllagesandeitieh have been
built. This land is reserved from allot
ment, otherwise the braves would se
lect tracts in which there were several
corner lots. This property will be sold,
and the money will be paid to the gov
ernment, as agent for the Indians. The
improvements belong to the present oc
cupants. The secretary of the interior
5b nowappointing appraisers. He names
one for each town in the territory; the
chief of each nation names another,
and each particular town names a third.
"When the property shall he offered for
tale, the occupant has the Hrst privilege
to bid the appraised valuation; after
that it is open to all. There will no
doubt be a great scramble, much litiga
tion, ul perhaps more xerioub tJ oub'.es
$j i 1 '''",&' ; i i ' ' 1 n r ' ' ; i ' '.'''''
will follow, during the next several
The interest on the Indian funds in
the treasury will hereafter be paid to
each family individually, and not to
the nations. Flush times are expected
when these cash allotments are made.
In explanation it may be Mated that
the "Indian Territory" is composed of
five nations, Inhabited by live "civil
ized tribes" The Choctuws, Chleka
saws, Cherokees, Semlnoles and Creeks.
Each nation, has its tribal government
The United States laws are now sup
planting the tribal laws and courts, but
the nations retain their chiefs and legis
lative councils. All criminal and civil
eases, originating within the past few
mouths, -vn 111 be tried in the United
States courts, and Indian juries and
courts are virtually out of existence.
Heretofore, capital punishment was in
lllcted by shooting, and the condemned
was permitted to go home, settle his
business and bid his family good-by,
and he returned promptly on the day
of execution to be shot. Not a failures
is reported in the history of the terri
tory, and the executions were many.
This paroling of the condemned will
now be stopped, under our civilized
law. It will be remembered that Won
ga Tonga, who was recently shot, was
a nlember of a baseball club, and
starred through the country while un
der sentence of death. His was the
last execution to take place under In
dian law in this territory. When shown
the writ of habeas corpus issued by a
United States court, the Indian sheriff:
grunted, saying that the Indian judge
OF THE CREEK NATION.
was right, and proceeded with the exe
cution. This is an explanation of their
system and the recent changes. In
some of the nations an American court
will be held for the Hrst time next No
vember. In this (Creek) nation there are three
tickets in the field for chiefs, the elec
tion to be held in November. Chief
Isparhecher is a candidate for reelec
tion; Ifolly Mcintosh, grandson of the
noted Alabama chief who gave Gen.
Jackson a great deal of trouble, is on
the ticket for second chief. Their plat
form is in opposition to the treaty
relations with the United States. It is
known as the "pure blood" or "straight
Gen. Porter and lion. Motey Tiger are
candidates for first and second chief,
respectively, on th e "progressive"
ticket, which forces an alliance with
I the white man's government. L. C.
I'cnnyiunn, a negro-Indian, and Wil
liam McCombs, head another ticket,
which opposes the others on general
principles. The Creeks number about
15,000, polling about 3,000 otes. White
men arc not eligible to the franchise.
They are not citizens, and are classed as
"intruders." Indians vote viva voce.
They state their name to the clerk,
with those of their candidates. The
clerk records the vote. It is likely that
the Mexican system of repenting and
changing the record may be introduced
by some of the half-breeds, who have
I learned of civilized ways, which will no
doubt bring on trouble. The candi
dates are able speakers; Motey Tiger is
really eloquent. The Indian orator
never speaks from notes lie speaks
from the heart. The campaign will be
the most lively one in the history of the
nation. The chief receives only $1,000 a
year, but the honor is the greater prize.
The second chief is paid $000 a year.
They bear about the same relative posi
tion to their people as the president and
vice president do in the pale face gov
ernment. The next chief, however, will
be shorn of nearly all of his power his
duties will be limited to local matters
concerning the tribe; nil civil and crim
inal business having been transferred
to the United States courts, the Indian
courts arc abolished, and the council is
deprived of the law-making power.
The "council" has two branches, "the
house of kings," which is similar to our
senate and the "house of warriors,"
which is similar to our house of repre
sentatives, in name if nothing else, for
they have disturbances which are set
tled only after a quiet knock down or
two. They receive $:i a day each, and
are satisfied with the honor.
These ollicials are paid out of the
lribal funds which are held in trust by
the United States government.
J. M. SCANLAND.
In Conxtitnt DniiKi'r,
She It must have taken a great deal
of persistence on your part to learn to
puiy the violin fo well.
He It did. I had to go constantly
armed for five years, ltlval.
THE COCAINE HABIT.
Its Victims Suffer Torture That Is
Experience of nn Atmtrnllnn Plij-.nl-
vliui, n Totit by lltniNetr Mule
of the llriiK Should lie
ItcKulntcil by t.uw.
Spcclnl Wnahliujton Lettor.l
Truth is stranger than Helton, in
many instances. The fletion that a man
was possessed of a dual nature, that on
occasion he was u Dr. .lekylt, and on
another occasion a Mr. 11 de, la sus
tained by facts In real life.
Some one of these days you will read
of the death of an eminent man in the
national capital, cither by his own
hand, or as the result of nn encounter
witli another. Or else you may read
that he has committed a uiurder.ordonc
Minicthlng heinous. And yet he has al
ways been known as one of the most
gentle and honorable of men. lie moves
about in high ofllclal and social circles,
and is known to be as suave and gentle
fu mjtt lint tut ftmitimit Tim ti nf Mil-
ttrj v, . i i fit i tn .. iiv - ..- .
cnee tells me thnt fully one-third of
every day he is closely watched to pre
vent him from injuring himself or oth
ers. He is a victim of the cocaine habit.
For a score of years he was known to
be one of the most business-like of cor
respondents, and every day's mall was
answered every day. Dining the past
year it has been noted that, he was be
coming careless, and that the mail was
permitted to accumulate for days at n
time. Then, with two or three stenog
raphers, he would answer all the let
ters with business-like tact as former
ly. Hut during the past two mouths he
has not written a letter, although his
correspondents con tin tie to send their
inquiries to him. lie hates the sight of
a letter carrier, lie knows that his
business is being neglected, but he docs
not strive to attend to it. Moreover, he
is beginning to look pale, and to be lus
situdinous in his movements; but these
symptoms are only noted by his rela
tives, and sonic men of science who
have been requested to look after him.
In a recent article on the subject of
cocaine some of the evils cf the drug
were pointed out. The scientist who
gave that information has given more
to-day which will lie of general in
terest. He says that the eminent gen
tleman alluded to is but a type of n
kind of patients rapidly multiplying of
recent years. It is his opinion thnt
public attention .should he called to the
evil habit, and repented warnings be
given the people.
These evils cannot be more strongly
revealed than in the experience of an
Australian physician. He has given
the world of medicine the benefit of a
narration of what he underwent after
he had become addicted to the almost
A COCAINIST'S DELUSION.
constant use of the drug. In the course
of that confession, which he did not
hesitate to make public, he said, in de
scribing his sensations: "The first feel
ing a eocainist has is indiscribablc ex
citement to do something great; to
leave a mark. Hut, alas! this disap
pears as rapidly as it came, and soon
every part of the body seems to cry out
for a new syringe. The second sensa
tion at first, at least, no hallucina
tionis that his hearing is enormously
increased, so that he hears the flies
walking over the paper. Very soon
every sound begins to be a remark
about himself, mostly of a nasty kind,
and he begins to carry on a solitary life,
his only companion being his beloved
syriogc. Fvery passerby seems to talk
about him. Often and often have I
stopped persons, or ordered the police
Unarrest them, thinking they were
talking about me. After a relatively
short time begins the 'hunting of the
cocaine bug.' You imagine that in
your skin worms or similar things are
moving along. If you touch then" with
wool (especially absorbent wool) thev
run away and disappear, only to peep
cautiously out of some corner to see if
there is any danger. These worms ure
projected only to the encainist's own
person or clothing. He sees them nn his
washing, in his skin, along his pen
holder, but not on other people or
things, and not on elnthet. brought clean
from the laundry. How, is this to be ex
plained? About the same time appear
many other hallucinations of the opti
cus, and, strange to say, self-suggested
hallucinations also. Night turns to
day. i on sit up in your room syring
ing until the morning, and fall asleep iu
a coino, in iny ca&u this occurred to.
1 1111 I
1 i i i i i j. -
IN 'V , t.J
"v. I H II II T
Bitch nn extent that I had to engage n
hospital warder, who came in the morn
ing lo revive me withabout ten syringes
of five per cent, solution, so that 1 was
able lo drive, not walk, fearing some
one might garrote me. Other dreadful
hallucinations 1 had in thousands, all of
u persecuting character, hud frighten
ing the life but of me so long as the ef
fects of the drug lnsrtetl.
"You see small animals running
about your body and feel their liltcs.
Kvcry object seems to become alive to
stare at you from all corners look re
volvers, knives, etc., and threaten you.
Yet, so soon as the effect of the injection
is over, you laugh at it, ni.o produce
willingly, by a new injection, the same
terrors. About that time I bought
three St. Hcruard dogs, thinking they
would protect me, but -one night 1
SHOOTING 111S DOO Fill END.
found out they were talking about me
how could they get rid of me so I
stood up and shot one of them with u
revolver, which 1 always used to carry.
I think this was the most dreadful night
of my life I, standing on the table with
an Indian dagger and u springe on the
ground, one three-foot high dog going
to die and two 'rather dangerous dogs
roaring and groaning aloud, reproach
fully looking at me, who always fan
cied: 'Now comes the moment when
they will tear you to pieces.' 1 stood
the night on the table. until the ar
rival of my wiirdmau who hardly risked
to enter the room. The strangest thing,
however, in the cocaine habit is that
there seem to be two souls in the eocain
ist one infested by the cocaine, suffer
ing and tortured by its effects; the
other normal, laughing at his fears and
saying: 'What nonsense! it is only an
hallucination produced by an injection.'
Not frightened enough by these experi
ences nnd escaping from the troubles
produced by his conduct, on the eocain
ist goes, taking more and more, and
tlicu enters a new kind of illusion,
which ilnishcs him up for the mad
house. 1 mean the revolting, sensuous
The afllicted physician, in summnri.
ing the physiologic effects of the drug,
says that the eocainist early loses all
appetite for solid food, hut likes sweets,
lollies and cakes. Upon the muscular
system the drug, as is generally recog
nized, nets as a must powerful stimulant
for either single or continued cfVort.
Not only could he make long marches
without becoming tired, but on one oc
casion, after injection, lie says he lifted
a cab with one hand on the axle. 11 in
creases also the number of the respira
tory and of (he heart contractions, as
well as the amount of sweat; hence the
great loss of weight. After each in
jection the pupil dilates, but remains
dilated only because injections are con
tinued. As regards the brain, mental
processes seem quickened, but a kind
of hypnosis intervenes, so that the
brain works without, and even against,
the will. Immediately after the injec
tion the eocainist becomes excited and
remains restless while under the influ
ence. He likes manual work, however
trilling, but has neither will nor'abil
ity for mental work.
These are facts which the temperance
lecturers of the future hhould possess
and disseminate. The crusade against
alcohol, which has progressed for u ell
nigh half n century, has been partially
successful. 1 1 has made t he liquor busi
ness unpopular, the saloonkeeper a
pariah, and the drunkard a dreadful
example to the young. That there is
yet much work to he done iu that cause
everybody sees and admits. The cru
sade will go on for decades before its
end shall have been completely at
tained. Cocaine tuny lie el,VectieJy used to
produce temporary anaesthesia over
the entire nere trunk. It can be ci
fcctiely used to benumb sensibility
and relieve pain iu all mucous tracts
which the surgeon may desire to reach.
It is better than chloroform or ether in
many particulars. Surgeons, dentists
and physicians may intelligently use it
for the benefit of mankind.
IJut cocaine must be kept from the
common people. Natuie lias produced
enough perverts, criminals and idiots,
for some inscrutable pilrposc. Alcohol
and opium have added to their number.
Cocaine should lie ..throttled before It
increases its demoniacal empire.
SMITH T. FKY.
XUf Siime llt Story.
The pickerel He In tneouuily pool,
A'.oiu; with the perch am! il ice;
Hut the llHhi'nnan'H not paruculae, Cor
He lie la any alii nUu.
HINTS FOR HOUSEKEEPERS.
About Home I'nlittnlile DInIicn nnd
VnrloiiM Other Home
Cherry sandwiches may now be mado
front the fresh fruit instead of those,
that have been iu use during the winter
made from the candled variety. Too
juicy n cherry should not bo selected.
They arts stoned, sprinkled with sugar
nnd u dash of lemon juice before being'
spread between thin and crustless ob
long slices of bread.
Oak wainscot should be brushed with
a mixture, of beer and beeswax two
quarts of the former and about two
ounces of the hitter boiled together.
It must bo allowed to dry on the wood
and afterwards be polished with n soft
Willi the crusado against dirt, vis
iMi and invisible, the cane-seated
eh. r: should come in for their sharu
of attention. They require n vigorous
scrubbing with brush and warm suds
to which ammonia has been ndded.
Scrub both sides of the seat, rinse well
nnd dry iu the open air. Willow chairs
are benefited by a bath iu warm salt
water. It they have lost their nat
ural color, it is said that a solution of
chlorine will restore it.
Torenovatethe tops of writing tables
and leather chairs, sponge lightly with
warm soapsuds, then wipe over with
the while of eggs, whipped stiff.
'I'l... ....... 1 !.. .,..!.. i t
i in: m-iv uvnvTf rune in uuilliy null
exquisite enough for a bridal bouquet.
It suggests the La France rose iu shape,
but is as delicate in color as the tea
rose, the. tint deepening in its heart.
Its special characteristic Is a peculiar
waxen effect that would give I touch
of stiirness except, for the biiiutiful
curves of its petals.
To make a delicate sauce for cherry
cobbler will require three-fourths of
n cup of sugar, one-half cup of butter
and one scant tablespoon fill of flour.
Hraldthcm together until smooth, then
pour over this enough boiling water to
thin it, and let it boll, being careful to
stir frequently so that it will not burn
or become lumpy.
Cherry tapioca is made by soaking
four tublespoonfuls of tapioca in a pint
of water over night. Take, a pint of
stoned cherries, add their juice to the
tapioca, stir in a pint of water and
enough sugar to make sweet, and boll
gently for 15 minutes. Add the fruit
and boil five minutes more. 'When cool
set on tlio ice and serve very cold with
whipped plain cream.
"With the frequent service of fruits,
tho table linen is apt to suffer, lie
fore sending to the laundry the table
cloths and napkins should be carefully
examined and the spots removed, as
soap sets the stains. Most fruit stains,
taken in season, can be. easily removed
from linen by putting the stained por
tion over a bowl and pouring a stream
of boiling hot water through it. When
the spots fare obstinate, however, ncids
must be used. This part of the work
should always be done under the su
pervision of the mistress, to see that
all needful precautions are taken to
prevent destroying the fabric itself.
Oxalic acid, allowing three ounces of
the crystals to one pint of water, will
be found useful to be kept on hand for
this especial purpose. Wet the stain
with the solution, and hold over hot
water or in the sun. The instant tho
spot disappears rinse well. Wet tho
stain with ammonia, then rinse ngnln.
This will many times save linen.
Jnvelic water is excellent for white
goods, and may be made at home or
purchased at the druggists'. A good
rule for making it calls for four pounds
of washing soda, dissolved in four
quarts of soft water. Uoll ten min
utes, lake from the fire and add one
pound of chloride of lime. Cool quick
ly, bottle and keep tightly corked. This
is strong, and must be handled with
extra care. I'eucli stains are the hard
est of all fruit stains to remove, but
a weak solution of chloride of lime,
with infinite patience in its application,
will frequently effect the desired re
sult. Itoston lludget.
llcrnrnllunN for KvenliiK .Sllpperii..
Here is a pretty idea for decorating
evening slippers. One of my girl friends;
has scut me some patterns and designs,
and says she bought two pairs of slippers-
one pink satin pair and one white
kid. The pink satin ones she has em
broidered iu gold thread iu a huge sorL
of bowkuot design, and she writes me;
they are extremely pretty. The white
kid slippers she painted iu poppies and
green leaves. This time 1 think I have
struck a really practical idea, and one
which we can utilize next winter.
Kdith Lawrence, in Ladies' l(ome Jour
nal. CiinIiiiiI Tart.
Stew one pound of apples, pared nnd
quartered, with sugar and a little lemon
rind. When cold place in a pie dish, and
pour slowly over it a boiled custard
made wilh two eggs and a half pint of
milk. Lightly place on the custard suf
ficient thin slices of spongecake to cover
It. Pour over the cake a very little run
butter, scatter desiccated cocoiinut over
and bake till lightly browned. Urook
A good pudding is Kimetimes made
heavy by cutting with a cold knife. To
prevent this, dip the knife iu hot water
just before using drying, of course.
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