title: 'The Nebraska Advertiser (Nemaha City, Neb.) 18??-1909, September 22, 1899, Image 5',
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About The Nebraska Advertiser (Nemaha City, Neb.) 18??-1909 | View This Issue
THE HERO OF MANILA
'By This Name Admiral Dewey Will
Ever Live in History.
llrlef Account of the lint tit of Atny 1,
tbSIIow the Olymnln, the Ail-
jitlriil nml the ."Men Who Kought
with lllm AV111 lie IleecUeil
Upon Their Ilcturn Sept. iSH.
DMIKAL. GKOKGK DKWEY, the
hero par excellence of the Spanish
American war, is expected to arrive
at New York Thursday, September 28. lie
-rvill be accorded a reception surp.iKsinj? in
spontaneity and grandeur anything recorded
in American histoiy. He will be received,
officially, by the government of the United
States, by the state of New York and the
city of Greater New York, and by repre
sentatives from every state in the union;
and millions of bin fcllow-citiens will be
present to cxpicsa by voice and action the
esteem in which the victor of Manila is held
by the common people of AmeiiiM. After
the New York reception is over, the admiral
will visit Washington, where the president
and ids cabinet will tender llini n reception
and present him with a sword of honor,
voted by the congress.
TI1IJ IIATTM3 OK MAMI.A.
It AVnn AVon Without the I.onh
Slnuli Aiuerlomi I.lf;.
The story of the battle of Manila icads
almost like u piece of fiction. On the morn
ing of May 1, 1898, Commodore Dewey
steamed into the harbor. His squadron
consisted of the cruiser Olympia (llagshtp),
llalcigh, Haltimoie and Itoston, and gun
boats Concord and l'otrel, und the rcvcniu
cutter McCulloch, with two transports.
Here he met the Spcinish (led, consisting of
the Keina Cristina, Castilla, Don Antonio
dc Ulloa, lain de Luzon, lsla dc Cuba, (!eu.
' Lezo, Marquis de Duero, (Juno, Vclasco, lsla
de Mindanao, some small gunboats and a
transport. The total tonnage of the Amer
ican licet was 10,008 tons and that of the
Spanish real fighting ships was 8,722 tons,
but the latter had the support of heav and
well-mounted shore batteries. The result
of the battle was the entire destruction of all
the Spanish vessels and the silencing of the
land batteries. Commodore Dewey did not
lose a ship nor a miui, while the Spanish lo.st
-v-o -"- . 'H-"
DEWJ3V LOVING CUP.
(Mado from 50,000 Dimes Contributed by
their entire fleet, commanded by Admiral
Montojo y Trillo, and from (100 to 700 men.
STORY on tui: iiatti.i:.
To 111 In
n Vew Word liy Cnjit. CorJi-
llin, of the KuIvIkIi.
Capt. Joseph H. Cogblan, who commanded
the cruiser Kaleigh during the battle, has
fui uishcd what is pet haps the best shoit ac
count of the famous eugugement. Hosas
"The 01mpi.i, nt about 11.50 of April
30, passed HI Fiailo rock, a small islet near
the southern bide of the entrance, upon
which a three-gun battery of 4. 7-ineh Hon
tona guns had been elected. Next pas&ed
the Knltnnore in its line.
"The ltaleigh ame next and was abreast
of the lock at 12:10 a. m. nt May 1. As it
swung into the wake of the Oljmpia at 12:13
a. m. the fitst gun of the operations in the
cast was filed by the Spaniards fiom El
1'raile rock, the projectile passing over and
between the Raleigh and Petrel. About a
minute after a second shot was fired from
El Fraile in about the same duection.
"The Kaleigh then, at 12:15 a m, at a
distance of about 800 yards, fired the hist
shot on the Ameucan side in the Philippine
campaign. HI Kiaile battety continued in tug
us inc sepiaenon pnssen, cue uoucoiu aim
V15ostoii hung as they came by.
"In all about six s
shots weie fucd at the
main body of the (leet, nnd nusweied b
about the saine uiiiuber. As the McCulloch
came into hue it also fired several shots from
its tin ce inch field guns, with which it had
been supplied b the Kaleigh nnd the Haiti
moie. Signal was then miide tor the reaetvo
squadiou to come up on the pot t hide of the
mum squadiou, also asking if eveij thing
was all nght. The McCulloch niiswctcd
'O. K.' The lleet being by the battel les and
over the mines a spied o four knots was
"The whole squadron passed up the bav
at this speed, steering to avoid the shoals on
the southern side of the bay and expecting to
be about eight miles fiom Manila at da
light. It was a night of the most strained
mspense. Signal lights weie being shown
from nil along the southern side of the ha),
showing that the stpindi oil's movements
were being obsctved nnd lepnrted
"The ciews of the various vessels weto
ordered to lie down alongside the guns nnd
get w lint i est was possible. M s tug slow 1
up the bay the fqttadion was in fiont of
Manila at five a. in., daybreak. 1 1 w as injine
,-diately seen that none of the Spanish fleet
'war" u that vicnnt.
"A signal gun far off to the right disclosed
- .the Spanish vessels moored in Cnnacoa bay,
close to Cavite, the naval arsenal.
"It was immediately noted by the firing of
tr "psscjA nnd the movements of the boats
monB them that they were takta,by wir-
J.c'ji T,' C"--ss
prise. The Olympia signaled: 'Prepare to
engage the cncinv,' nnd turned toward Ca
vite. As the Baltimore, following the 01 m
Iila, mado its turn the battery of 0.2-inch
Krupu guns on the lunette of Manila opened
"The first shot passed over nnd beyond the
flagship Oljinpia. This file was kept up
during the whole of the battle. As the Con
cord swung past Mnnila it fired two shells nt
the lunette battety. These weie the only
shots fired tow aid the city. Our squadron
kept moving, the speed increased to eight
knots, to tlie Spanish fleet nt Cavite, six
miles distant. When the Ol.vmpin reached
a point about 5,(100 Jnrds frotit the Spanish
position it opened with its foiwnrd turret
guns, the only guns which could be brought
to bcir. '
"The Olympia kept up this fire until a
point was leached where our squadron could
at h r j
Tim LATEST POItTKAIT OP ADMIRAL DEWKT.
(Taken at Naples, on tho Crulsur Olympia, for JJLuck. and White.)
turn and pass parallel to the Spanmrds, at n
distance of about 11,000 aids. The Oljmpia
wns some 20 minute under fire from the
lunette batter, the fleet nt Cavite, and the
battel les on Sangle Point befoie it reached
a position from which its fire could ccrtniul
"As the Olympia turned to run parallel to
the Spntiiiuds at a distance of about 3,000
yards (nearly two miles fiom the enemy'
the 11 iltuuore, following in its wake, opened
with its forwaid cight-iuch guns, and the
ships following opened as they l cached the
same point and could bring their guns to
"The Kaleigh was about .10 minutes under
fire befoie it could fue in leturn. Kach of
the vessels of our squadron opened with all
guns, following the example of the Oljmpia,
as they came into position to do so.
"We swept b.v the Spanish fleet, heading
to the westward, until we passed them
and exchanged fire with the batteries on
Sangley Point, tinning in succession, with
our heads to the noitliwaid, to avoid run
ning on the shoal in fiont of the latter bat
teries. "We then steamed aetoss the front of the
Spiuish fleet, heading eastwnid, tinned with
our heads to the southward, nnd repeated
the first maueuvci of going to the westwaid,
passing five tunes in front of the Spminids,
three times heading to the w ebt und twice to
; I ja&i& ' ;
di:wi:y tahlht in iiuiint wood.
(To Ho Prosonted to tho Admiral by thu C'!t!zunn of Now Yarlt.)
the east, at each tut n gradually edging near
er to the Spinixh vessels. On the last run
the Kaleigh filed with its guns elevated to
1,400 j.uili?, at which distanco nil ot the sec
ondary battery win. also hi ought into play.
"Dm tug the second iuii to the westward
two explosions took place in the watci about
1500 jiiid to the noitliwaid nf the Spanish
fleet. These explosions weie supposed b all
hands, fiom the general oppeaiance of them,
to be powetful mines.
, "Dtiting the second run to the westward
the Spiuish flagship, Kein.i Custiun, got
under way und steamed about the anchor
Ige, evident!) to avoid punishment. The
vmuoum Spanish gunboats oi smaller vessels
followed its example. .The Kenin had lieen
under way but a slioit time when steam was
observed Issuing from its main ccapo pipes,
Bhovving that it was badly injured.
"Soon nftcr it apparently lost control of
itself, nnd one of the gunboats was seen to
shove its bow around and point it to the
westward, showing that its steering gear
must have been injured also.
"It continued to maneuver, being turned
by a gunboat for nbout half an hour, when
it became stationary, nnd it wns nftcrward
found it had touched bottom ami stuck.
It nnd the various gunboats being under
way and maneuvering without any order
often bunched themselves m a way most
satisfactory to the Americans, as with the
ptoper distance all our guns could fairly
hail piojectilcs aboard them without miss
ing a shot. Several of the Spanish gunboats
had lighters helped with stone lashed on onu
side, with the idea of protecting the bides of
the vessels from our projectiles.
"Keeping up a terrible anil well-directed
fire our squadron swept five tunc in fiont
of the Spaniard;, and then, under signal
from the flagship, withdrew from action,
going to breakfast as we got out from under
fire of the tlcet nod the batteries of Saugley
Point and Manila city. A toiifcicncc wns
immediately held on board the flagship,
.vheie reports of expenditures nf ammuni
tion and casualties were verbally mxde to
"It wna with a feeling of the greatest
astonishment, as well ns of intense gratifica
tion, that we learned the. squadiou had ex
pended only about one-thiid of its ammiini
tion and had not lost a single man or re
ccivcil injuiics worth speaking of. It was so
inci edible that the commanding officers
stated at each other in astonishment.
"About ten o'clock it wns seen that all the
Spanish gunboats had run behind the arsenal
of Cavite for protection; that the Keinii
Crist ma was aground and in llmncri; that
the Don Antonio Ulloa's and the Caslilla's
f-tetn moorings had been cut; that they were
swinging to the wind, and that the Cunt ill i
was on tiro beyond control.
"A little after 11 o'clock a strange sail wa
seen coming up the bay, the 11 itlimorc being
sent to ominimirate with it. It proved
to be an English vessel.
"Signal was made to go, in and destroy
the battel ics. The Kjltiuioro, from its posi
tion being nearest in, was ordetod to lead.
The Coucotd w.ii ducctcd to k in ami limn
the transput t steamer Isla do Mindanao
Tho Haltnnote, being some distance from the
main Mpiadton, was able to get into uctiun
some tune befoie the other icmcIh of the
squadiou could gel up. It cttackrd in the
most gillnnt manner, stopping at rno ttiuo
directly uiidci the batter at Saei'cy l'oim
and pouting in a teriihe file.
"The ().inpia, Kaleigh and Uoston fol
lowed in as fast ns the puMihly cuu'd,
opening on the batteries as their gun-i uu!d
be hi ought to bear, dining the hpauiyh
tioops out of the fortifications and m-ikiui',
cveiyilnng in that vicinity. Durirg the bee
ond part of the engagement the liiUti'iirn at'
.Manila remained quiet. A boon as the bat
teries on Sangley Point wck rilcnccd signal
wan made for the vessels to go in ns close as
possible and destrov all the .Spanish men of
war that cuu'd be found.
"l'he Petiel, b its light draft, wus en
nblcd to get n mile or so closer tu than nny of
the other vessels. The Kaleigh, having a
clear field, fired a durcu six inch shells into
the Ulloa, sinking it at its moorings, and
then filing into the arsenal and the town of
Cavite wherever a Spanish flag could be
seen. Shortl after one p. m. the Petrel sig
naled: 'The enemy surrenders.'
"At this time troop front the batteries on
Sangley Point could be fecn getting out of
the hutlarirs and running up the beach a
fast as possible. While our squadron was
sweeping down to the westwaid the fitat or
second time a small steam vscl wna seen to
come out from behind Sangley Point nnd at
tempt to pass at full speed uheud of the
squadron, apparently heading for our re
set v os.
"The Olympia immediately opened on it
Tvitlt its secondary battery and the Kaleigh,
which had been ordered to leave the main
line of battle and attack anything which
might attempt the ilcsti uction of the reserve
squadron, sheered out of line and opened
with its secondary battery. In n few tum
ulus the small vessel turned toward the laud,
ran on the bench, and wan deserted by it-s
crew-, sinking just as it struck the shoal
"While the destittction of the sninllcr ves
sels was going oil by a bunt's eicw sent in
front the l'otrel, the Olympin got unilcrwny
and steamed over for Mnniln, stalling with
no vessels to aid it. The llnleigh, Ituxtoti
and Italtimori' followed ns soon ns they
could get their engines going, leaving the
Concotd, which luitl just joined the lleet nftcr
tho destruction of the lsla de Mindanao and
the Petrel to entry out the destiuction of
tho remaining vessels.
"The Olvtupia succeeded in rcnchincMii
nil and anchoring in fiont of the eity be
foie any of the other vessels of the sqund
run could catch up to it.
"One of the bravest thing nnd prettiest
sights that one could well imagine wns the
reset vt squadron, by order of thu iidnural,
ittuniug in nnd anchoring inshore of the
OIiupm. Communication was established
with the shore by lauding some of our peo
ple on board n neutral vessel, wheio our
acting ronstil, Mr. Walker, the Uritish con
sill, eoufetictl with them and cat tied into
Manila the admiral's ultimatum."
On Mny2Comiuodoio Dewey cut the cable
commiinientinu between Manila and llong
Kong, destroyed the fortifications nt the
entrance' of Manila bay nnd touk M)session
of the naval station at Cavite. He demand
cd the sun endur of the ctt of Manila, w Inch
was icfused, but granted later on.
Till ADMIUAI.'S CAitr.mi.
lie Cmc Irnnilne Knrly In I.lfp of Ilc-t-oniliit;
Genrgu Dewey is a veteran among the
naval otliccis of the United Slates. He re
ceived hut first cxpctteuce under Admiral
Olt Till: OLVMI'fA.
ffo He ProKontctl by tho INMirUci uf tho
KLilo of Wu!ihIiu,ton.)
Farragut. and aboard the o'd steam hloop
Missthsippi, to which he was assigned for
duty April 10, 1801, eight da bcfoiu Kbit
Sututkr was tired upon.
He i't uuvv li"- car old nnd n nitive nf
Veuuuul. lie was iippouitul to thu naval
academy from that btate in Septemlicr, 1857.
When he was graduated four iara liter he
wat sent aboard the steam fngute Wallash,
Mild went on n cimseiu the Mcditciiaueau.
He reoeived Ins commission as a lieutenant
when hu was assigned to duty on the Mis
sisxippi, which joined the West Gulf squid
dron. When 1'arr.igul's (Lot foncd nu m
trance- to tho Mississippi I, nut. Dewey nan
in the thickest of tin fta upon the old steam
Thu most spirited fight in which the Mis
tdssippi ver took part outml in Match,
ISO!), when the fleet tried to pi"s by thecuii
federate li.ittcrn s at Poit Hudson. Some
of the ships managed to pass up to the nar
row pail of the chuiiitcl, wheie t lit weie
find upon by tho shotc batteries, being
faucd tu retted. Hut tho Mcsiippi did
not attempt to gi'l up into the channel. It
wa a fogg d.i, made mole obfiuio b tho
smoke ot battle, 'l'he sloop lost its lnaiu.gs
nnd rait ushoie. Ilefoii! its (dlueis who
.-ware of it it had struck dm ctl under the
gnus of batlet wlmh i- one of the
biinugcht of the lot tii'ualioiis. ft was on.
a btiel breathing sjicil befoio 2.r(l shots
strut k the Mississippi and iiddlcd it fiom
(lid to cud. The oiistuiit made it possible
fni its ciow to take to then boats after set
ting it on lire.
Dewo got his fir-l cnniiiiind in 1H70, win n
ho pei formed sp"oial hciviro with the Xni
lagauselt. Ho mado miivc of the Pacific
coast until 187(1, when ho became 't light
house iiiHsoc ten. nfttiwnuU bung the see
lotai.v of the lighthnuse board. Dining
1HS2 '8.'( he couiiiiaudcd the Juniata on the
In September, 1881, l.icut. Dowry wns
made n captain, nndp.accd in c haige of the
Dolphin, one of the foui voso'n which
fin mid the original "White Squadtoii " lie
vas p'accd in coium.ind of the Piiisu(o'i, ol
the 1-utoptan Mpiadiou, in the fidlowtug
car, iciuamiugas its lolimnudi r until Ibbit,
when I if! hi came tho chief of tho hiucau of
equiptiKiit and rcctuittLg, Willi the rank of
The dutici and rank of Capt. De"ey re
m uned vine hanged then until IS'!, when
he lvcami! n member of tho lighthouse
bojuL He lecci.id his commission ax com
iBudnie lViiuary 28, 1800, being about tho
-uiitf t ioe mndo prcnidcnL of, tbc ho.iid of
inspection .and -sittvov, which poiitiou lie
iKctipicil until .lamui, lfeOS, when ho was
idicd m uiiuiu iud of the ARutw fqtmdiau.
3 "" Ml if I ""
i hum. Ifl'ff ut.'
,.. M'l( a uiu I
On May 7, 1803, Commander Dewey wan
promoted to be icar admiral nnd given the
thanks of congtrss. Still later he was lundc
full ndmtral by act of congress.
l'icK.sr.M'H roit tiiu iikko.
Sonic of Itir TronMiiren to Itr Clicn tip
Ilevvey li- tho People.
lloside the sword that is to be ptescutcd
to him by the nation, Admiral Dewey will
on his return be made the tecipicitt of many
costly presents, mining them a liniidsomc
piecc of work for Ins Itngship, to be present
ed by tho ctli7cns of 01tupin nnd the s tutor
of Wnshmgtou. It is n bronro panel, which
will be placed on the fot ward turret of tin;
ship, between the two big guns. It weigh
HOI) pounds, is four foot high, while its gtcnU
est breadth is IJ fiet. Paul W. Morim de
signed tho panel, under tho direction of 1). G.
l'rciuti. 'I he panel will contain the historic
legend: "Gndlcy, ou may flic when read,"
the words with which tho battle of Manila
wiih opened. Another is n decorative tab
let, designed by Kaphnel A. Weed. The tab
let, which moastiies about three by four feet,
in siro, is something unique, the design be
ing burned into prepaied nnd polished white
basswood by the application of hented irons,
pi mincing an elFeet of itch brown tones.
mutinied with u slightly modeled surface
that suggests wood cnivtng.
Still another in the Intgesl loving cup cv ci
produced by the silversmith's ntt. It will In
of sottd silver, six' feet high, or 1J inches tall
er than the admiral. Fifty thousand dime,
raised by popular subset iptiuti, have been
used in its constt uction.
T1IIJ M:V YOIIIC UKCni'TION.
Three Alltlluii Ieoile Are Kxpeeteil !
rnrtleliuite In II.
Tlc 01titiia, her admiral, captain ami
crow will be received September 28 by Kcar
Admiral Sampson, on behalf of the govern
ment, by the governor of New Yoik, the
mayor of tho city, nnd other dignitntie.
There will be a great naval parade up this
Hudson liver, banquets and reccptiuus, ami
on September 20 theie will be tigieat land
parade, and governors by the tcoie, ft out the
east mid thu west, and the north and tho
south, surrounded by gaudily dtossod
stairs, will vie with each other to tell Dcwcjr
what the people of the laud think of him.
And they will tell him pleasant thing,.
They will tell him that hu is the central hg
uie of the Spanish Ameucan war; that hit
was the only victory not tainted by chniae
let destroying jealousy; Hint his diplomacy
vvnsns ttiuiuphatit us Ins fighting. They will
tell him Hint in spite of sensational iickb
papcr correspondents, who would make n.
monkey of the lion, the people have an abid
ing faith in his common si use and hm judg
ment of men and alums. And all this hom
age will not turn his head, for Dewey in a
true American who believes m the people;
und who knows that chat latanihin nnd offen
sive jingoism are not Ameucan and that al
low journalism docH not teptcscnt nil thing'
Hint is ennobling or commendable in our na
Preparations have been inndc for the en
tertainment of 11,000,000 visitots during Hie
JIKWKV Tltlll.MIMlAI, Aitcir.
The tirniiileNt I'leee ufArt Wnrklhcr
Coiicelteil In America.
The coiitribulioit of the National Scul
luro hociety to the Dewey celebration is the
most notable of all. It will consist of an
at eh nnd colonnade, to be elected nt Madison
scptaro, free of cost, although the ptofes
sionnl services of the artists engaged in
the vvmk represent nu equivalent of fiom
!$ 150,000 to $200,000.
The arch is to be supplemented by a line
of columns, enriched with sculptutes. The?
aieh itself is similar in general design to the
gicat Komiin memorial niches, put ticuliuljr
the arch of Titus. Its four great piers will
have bas-relief decorations, nnd at their
base ate to be Luge allcgotical groups, per
sonifying Patriotism, War, The Ketiiin unit
Poucc. The fiuinls of the columns, on either
side of the allegorical groups mentioned, arc
to bo portrait figures, from eight to twelve
feet high, of famous Ameucan admirals and
naval officers. I he committee of the Sculp
ture society wtote to Scctetnry of Nuvy
Ixiug to suggest the mimes of eight heroes
who lie thought would most fittingly top
resent the nnvy. In reply ho suggested John
Paul Jones, icpicsciitiug the war of the I ev
olution; Decatur, Hull, Petry and Muc
Douough, rcpicsculiug the war of 1812, anil
Fariagut, Porter and dishing, tepicscutiiig,
the civil war.
The fpnudrcls over the main entrance, on
the north and south sides, are to have lias
it'ltcfrt h.viiiholiuig the Atlantic and Pacifies
ch cutis on one side and the Notth and Kant.
rivers on the other, "thus," to quote fionv.
tho committee's repot t, "to cmphnsi7c New
York's position as the most important com
mercial city of tho couiitr ." Thu two Loj
ston.es of the arch are to bo surmounted by
gieat Aiuoticaii eagles, winch will probably,
Anovo tho wing of the eagles shall, it is:
suggislrd, be placed iiihcitptiotts, to Ise
tliot.cn by the celebration committee; in no
ogiiiiiou of thu set vices of Admiral Dovvr.
A novel feature of the design is u qiuidtifui
of sea horses, drawing a ship, sin moiiutinc,
the apex nf the tire li. At the pinw of tlitrn
hhtp stands a figure, smholi.iug Tiiumphal
ictoi, with otitstiotchcd wings. Tin i
otiu of the most sinking portions of the en
The lntge surfntos above tho minor nrche
on thu .vest null oast sides of the edifice nrct
to he covered with designs in high tebef, tint
subjects of which have not ct boon definite
1 chosen, but for which allegories of "Tin;
Piotoetiou of Our Countty" and "The Ad
vunrenieitt nf Civilization" nte hiiggeste el.
As for the largo sculptuird gioiips tn bo
p'need nt cither onel of thu colonnade, four
in nil, the committee suggests some such sub
jects as "The- Army" nnd "Tho Navy" for
one end and "The West Inches" and "The-,
ivist 1 tidies" for the other.
A suggestion has been marie thai ntrangu
meut should be prcfiotcd with one uf I hit"
gai companies to have the columiw of 'the"
cbltiuuadi topped with (lambftiii lights, ami'
tiuuat light affixed to the corners of Tin
i oi nice of tho'itreh, while the in eh itjylf
should be illuminated with oleitrinjights.
Thu Jieh is to bo built of Jhe same taa
tenil ds that used in thuJ gorgeous dicot-.i
turn uf tho ('hlcnuo exnositioii. which. aVi.
Iiciicztcu'hiis imivoij, is capable of witlistaud
luithcj eleiuents for ut Icubyu car.