title: 'The North Platte Tribune (North Platte, Neb.) 1890-1894, December 12, 1894, Image 3',
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About The North Platte Tribune (North Platte, Neb.) 1890-1894 | View This Issue
NEW FINANCIAL LAW.
THE HOUSE BANKINC COMMIT
TEE SO DECIDE.
A Program for Speedy Consideration of
the Measure Secretary Carlisle to lie
Heard at Length on the Matter The
Kill Certain to lie Presented Before the
Holiday Keress Some Warm Words
Orer Lumber Thieving-.
The Financial Plan.
Washington, Dec. S. A program
for the speedy consideration of the
financial plan proposed by the presi-
f1ftit. ut( Spcrptnrv f"n -1 ?ilf tvns nr.
ranged by the house committee on
banking and currency to-day. Three
resolutions were passed. The first
specifies that the financial plan out
lined by the secretary and president
shall be taken up next
Monday and Secretary Carlisle
and Comptroller Eckles be invited
before the committee at 10 o'clock
and that the hearings close Saturday,
December 15. There was little divi
sion of sentiment as to the hearings
and no votes of significance were
taken. The sentiment among the
Democrats was for proceeding as fast
as possible and reporting a bill before
the holidaj' recess.
A second resolution authorized
Chairm:,n Springer to invite per
sons before the committee next
week to give their views. This ex
cited some comment, Mr. Walker
moving indefinite postponement of
the proposition on the ground that
there had been "too much talk" in
the committee. The resolution was
carried, however, although Messrs.
Walker and Johnson, Republicans,
The third resolution authorized a
call of the committee at any time,
making five a quorum. This is to
prevent delays in the speedy presen
tation of a bill.
The meeting disclosed that there
woulJ be no factious opposition from
Republicans toward getting a bill be
fore the house.
DE LESSEPS NO MORE.
Tli,. lttiilcl.T of the Sue. Canal Gathered
Paris Dec S. Ferdinand de Les
seps, the world renowned engineer,
died to-day after a long illness. He
had been in failing health for months
and his death was not unexpected.
At the time of the Panama canal ex
posure his health was so precarious
that all facts concerning that great
scandal were carefully kept from
Visconnt Ferdinand de Lesscps,
G. C S. I., was born in Versailles,
France, Nov. 19, 1303. At the age of
24 he entered the French diplomatic
service as an attache at Lisbon and
subsequently held diplomatic appoint
ments at Barcelona, Tunis and Alex
andria. He was consul at Barcelona
in 1S42, when that city was bom
barded. De Lessep's great scheme to sever
the isthmus of Suez and connect the
Mediterranean and Red seas is said to
have occurred to him in 1S41 while
tying at quarantine at Port Said. In
1S."4 he first outlined his scheme, with
a view of securing government aid.
The Due de Morny. an intimate
friend, had the ear of Louis Napoleon,
and before the French monarch de
Lcssepsf explained in detail iiis plan.
As a result France became father tt
tire project and Egypt and Turke3
fell into line.
At the outset the scheme was mer
cilessly ridiculed by many of the most
eminent engineers in the world, es
pecially by the British. However, as
work progressed satisfactorily vari
ous governments became interested
and subscribed liberally.
A canal of sufficient depth to permit
the passage of small steam vessels
was opened August 15, 1SG3, and by
degrees the channel was widened and
deepened so that by March, 1S07,
small ships and schooners were
enabled to pass through. November
IS, ISGi', the canal was formally
opened with a magnificent celebra
tion at Suez. It was a great day for
De Lesseps. Every European nation
of importance had a representative
present to do honor to the originator
of the greatest engineering feat of
The Suez canal is eighty-seven
miles long, was ten years in building
and coft SS7, 115,000. Its annual rev
enue is about S14, 000.000, one-half of
which is profit. Over 5,000 vessels
pass through it each year and the
number is increasing. Realizing the
monetary value of the canal as an in
vestment and its important relation
to Egypt and India. England man
aged u secure a controlling interest
in the stock in 1675. This interest it
will probably retain.
The completion of the canal
brought Dr. Lesscps a surfeit of
honors. He received decorations from
nearly every country in Europe.
A TRAIN HELD UP.
Three rtlakeil Mm Loot a Train on the
Texas Pari lie.
Fort Worth, Texas, Dec. S. The
cast bound Texas and Pacific pas
senger train was held up at a trestle
seven miles west of here at 5:20 yes
terday afternoon. The train was
stopped just as the engine and ex
press car had crossed, the passenger
coaches coming to a standstill on the
trestle, where the passengers had no
opportunitv of getting out if they
were so inclined, wich they were
not, but busied themselves in conceal
ing their valuables.
Several shots were fired from the
.front end of the train and the passen
gers were warned to keep their heads
in the windows. The train was de
tained ten or fifteen minutes, during
which time those who caught a
glimpse of the proceedings on the
other side of the trestle saw three
masked men with guns levelled,
inarching the engineer and trainmen
in End out of the baggage car. When
they finished their work, the robbers
cnade the engineer back the train
over the trestle, and while it was
crossing disappeared in the thick for
est. The passengers kept so close while
the train was being robbed that they
did not know much about what was
going on, and the railroad men and
express officials will not make any
statements. The robbers had pos
session of the express car until they
accomplished their object- One valu
able package is known to have been
The iron safe of the messenger was
carried off. It is learned from good
authority that upward of $100,000
was secured. The passengers say the
whole thing was done so quickly that
there was little of a story to telL
A train was held up and robbed at
this spot several years ago by a gang
under the leadership of tho notorious
HOT TALK BY A MEMBER.
Mr. Wells of Wisconsin Denounces the
Forest Bill as a Secret Steal.
Washington, D;c. 8. At the open
ing session of the house to-day on
motion of Mr. Martin of Indiana, the
order for a night session to consider
private pension bills was vacated.
The committee on banking and cur
rency was given leave to sit during
the sessions of the house.
In the morning hour Mr. McRao
from the committee on public lands,
called up the bill to protect forest
reservations. Mr. Wells of Wis
consin, opposed it in every way.
lie declared hat it smelled he would
say savored if he did not have such
high respect for the chairman of
the public lands committee of
boodle. It was said that the for
estry association was behind this
bill. There was an asssociation be
hind it, which had its organization in
Maine fifty years ago, and had now
extended to the Pacific slope. It was
an association of timber thieves and
land sharks. If these timber thieves
were allowed to go into tho public
forests they would bribe the agents
of the interior department and de
stroy them. The pine land thieves of
Michigan and Wisconsin, he declared,
excitedly, had grown rich on their
plunder and had then bought seats
both in this house and the other. He
would not permit the people of this
country to be plundered of millions
of dollars worth of timber. He ap
pealed to members of the house not
to permit these thieves to go into the
forests with the disguised purpose of
cutting only dead and matured tim
ber. He challenged any advocate of
the bill to show a line in it designed
to protect or preserve the public
When Mr. Wells took his seat Mr.
Meliae indignantly denied that there
was any land ring or association be
hind the bill.
"I said before." replied Mr. Wells,
hotly, "that I believe in your honesty,
but the gentleman is green in the
lumber business and I believe the
gentleman is being deceived and is
being made a tool of."
After some further debate by Mr.
Wilson of Washington, Pickler of
North Dakota and Colleen of Wyo
ming, the morning hour expired and,
in accordance with the terms of tho
special order the house proceeded
with the discussion of the railroad
pooling bill under and agreement to
take up the bill uuder the five minute
NO CHANGE OF RULES.
ienate Democrats In Caucus Agree L'pou
an Order of Itusiness.
Washington, Dee. S. Yesterday's
Democratic caucus directed the steer
ing committee to prepare an order
for business which should present for
the consideration of the senate the
following subjects of legislation: A
bankruptcy bill, a bill for the con
struction of the Nicaragua canal, a
currency bill, bills for the admission
of Arizona and New Mexico, a bill
involving the interest of the Indian
territory, for the consideration of the
joint resolution of the house of rep
resentatives on the election of United
States senators by the people, and
such other measures, including the
appropriation bill, as the steering
committee may deem important.
That in their report to caucus the
steering committee shall provide the
order in which the above subjects of
legislation shall be considered.
The caucus was in session from 2
o'clock until 4:30 p. ra.,and almost the
entire time was devoted to the dis
cussion of the first proposition of Sen
ator Daniels, instructing tho commit
tee on rules bring in an amend
ment for a cloture, and the speeches
were at times very spirited. Senators
Vest, Vilas, Berrj' and George made
speeches favoring the proposition,
while Senators Gorman, Morgan,
Palmer, Harris, Pugh and others op
posed it vith vigor and warmth.
The protest made against the pro
posed change was so ireneral that
when a vote was taken no one consid
ered it necessary to ask for the
ayes and naj-s. When the cloture
provision was defeated the friends of
the tariff bill gave up the fight, con
sidering it unnecessary to revive their
consideration in view of the opposi
sion of a majority of the Republicans
and because of the fact any deter
mined opposition under the rules
would insure their defeat. Hence it
is that those bills do not appear in
official list of bills to be presented for
the consideration of the senate.
The order for a preparation of the
currency bill by the t'nance commit
tee carries with it instructions to take
the recommendation of the president
and secretary of the treasury into
consideration. The order is also
broad enough to include any other
suggestion of a financial character
which may be presented and the sen
ators favorable to silver, who were
present at the caucus say it is also
understood a feasible proposition for
the utilization of silver is to be in
eluded in any currency scheme pre
sented to or by the committee.
THE GOLD RESERVE.
A Loss or Over a ."Million and a Half In
Washington', Dee. S. The cash bal
ance in the treasury yesterday was
S154.727.0S5. of which $109, 500.123 was
net gold. This is a loss in gold since
Wednesday's report of $1,5S1,S17.
The treasury officials offer no ex
planation of this increase, but the in
formation comes from New York that
during the last three days the sub
tr.'asury has several times been
obliged to meet demands for gold in
exchange for legal tenders, but so
far as known here none of the gold
withdrawn has been exported. The
present high rate of sterling exchange
($4.SS) makes it probable, however,
that before the close of the present
week considerable amounts will be
withdrawn for export to France,
where the demand just now is greater
thau in England. The treasury offi
cials decline to discuss the probabili
ty of extensive withdrawals, but it is
believed that they feel apprehensive
of still further losses.
FARMERS' ALLIANCE OFFICERS.
J. F. WllliU Heads the KnniM Order
The Aid Degree Doing Well.
TorEKA, Kan., Dec. S. The Kansas
Farmers' Alliance last night elected
the following officers for the ensuing
year: President. J. F. Willits of Mc
Louth; vice president, Mrs. Emma
Troudman of Osage county; secretary
and treasurer, J. B. French of Topeka;
chaplain, Mrs. D. L Furbck of
Topeka; doorkeeper. J. S. Elwood of
Harvey countv; assistant doorkeeper,
Mrs. E. W. Crum of Osage county;
steward, W. B. Gasche of Hartford.
J. F. Willitts and Mrs. A. Wardall
were elected delegates to the annual
meeting of the national Alliance at
Raleigh, N. C, in February.
The Alliance Aid degree, or the life
insurance department of the National
Alliance, has a membership of 5,575
an increase of 2,312 since last year.
Last year it paid losses of $10,500. of
which $1,250 was on deaths of Kansas
Interesting Figures Given Out by the
Inter State Commerce Commission.
Washington, Dec 11. The inter
state commerce commission has just
issued a preliminary report on the in
come and expenditures of railwaj's
in the United States for the year
ending June 30, 1S94, prepared by its
The report contains the returns
from 570 operating companies, whose
reports were filed on or before No
vember 23, 1894, and covers the oper
ation of 139,509.21 miies of line, or
about 85 per cent of the total oper
ated mileage in the United States.
The gross earnings from th opera
tion of the 399.559.21 miles of line
represented were $349,039,075, of
which $300,137,142 w-'re from passen
gerservice, $017,953,403 was from the
freight service, and S22. 420,293 were
for earnings from operation, covering
receipts from telegraph, use of cars,
switching charges, etc.
The operating expenses were $343,
42S.331, leaving net carnino-s of $30(5,
210,744. Reduced to a mileage basis,
the earnings from passenger service
were $2,0(17 per mile of line: from
freight service, $1,132; total gross
earnings, $0,350; operating expenses.
$4,302, and net earnings. $2,013.
A comparison of these items with
similar results from the complete re
port of the previous year shows a de
crease per mile of line earnings from
passenger service of $53; in earnings
from freight service of $774; in total
gross earnings of S40; in operating
expenses of $574, and in net earnings
The net earnings available for the
payment of fixed charges and divi
dends were $300,210,744. as against
$350.70G,007 for the same roads for the
previous year, a decrease of $44,555,
S02. It is probable that the increase in
net earnings of all the railroads will
exceed $50,000,000. The dividends
paid were $02,404,901, as compared
with $00,4G4,130 for 1S93.
AN ENLIGHTENED NATION.
Japan So llecognizad in New Treaty
With ThU Country.
Washington, Dec. 11. The full text
of the new treaty between the United
States and Japan has been the main
subject cf comment in diplomatic and
official circles to-day. The treaty
shows how fully the United States has
accorded Japan the recognition she
has now as an enlightened, modern
nation. All previous treaties have
been based on the theory that the
relics of Eastern barbarism still re
main in Japan. Accordingly, she
was not allowed to conduct her own
courts or to make her own tariff laws,
but special treaty regulations were
made to protect American litigants
and American commerce in Japan, on
the presumption that the native laws
would not afford adequate protection.
Running throughout the new treaty
are the concessions recognizing her
courts and laws as ample for Ameri
cans as well as natives. This is the
chief feature of the treaty.
The right of Japan to make her
own tariff laws is also recognized.
Heretofore the United States has been
free to make such tariff laws as she
saw fit affecting Japan but the latter
was forbidden by treaty from fixing
dutie above 5 per cent ad valorem.
On the other hand, the United
States secures many substantial ad
vantages. The missionaries who
make up such a very large class in
Japan are guaranteed frejdom of
worship and protection in that wor
ship. The main concession, however,
is that of article II, by whiftu. Japan
is opened up to American commerce.
THE TAYLORS AT LINNEUS.
Hundreds Meet the Noted Prisoners
Strong Guards About Them.
Linneus, Mo., Dec. 11. The Taylor
brothers, the alleged slayers of
the Meeks family near Brown
ing, in Linn county, on
the night of May ten last, were
brought to this city to-day, accom
panied by a heavy guard from St.
Joseph, where they have been in jail
since their capture by Jerry South in
Hundreds of people gathered at the
depot to see the famous brothers, and
Browning and Milan turned out en
masse to see them. Sheriff Barton
and four deputies of this cit- left
j-esterdav afternoon and accompanied
the Tavlors here to-day, and they
were met at the depot by thirty
five deputies, who escorted them to
the Linneus jail, where they re
mained for about an hour until Judge
Rucker called court, when they were
taken to answer to the charge of mur
der, arson and forgery. Their at
torneys at once applied for a change
of venue, and the case may be sent to
THE CLAYTON ASSASSINATION
It Is Recalled by tho Suicide of J. A..
Cloblentz at Walla Walla, Wash.
Little Rock. Ark., Dec. 11. An
other person whose name comes into
prominence in connection with the
famous political murder case in which
Hon. John M. Clayton was the assas
sin's victim, a crime that startled the
entire country, and has to this day
remained shrouded in mj'stery, has
come to a violent end. Word was re
ceived here yesterday detailing the
suicide at Walla Walla, Wash., of J.
Cloblentz. Cloblentz was sheriff of
Conway county. Ark., at the time of
the famous Breckinridge-Clayton con
gressional contest and it was he who
approached Clayton on the day pre
vious to the assassination with the
admonition not to remain at Plum
merville. Cloblentz was warden of the Wash
incrton penitentiary and committed
suicide in his office Saturday night.
He was a defaulter to the state.
Seamen Hlamed for a Disaster.
Auckland, New Zealand, Dec. 11.
The court of inquiry has found that
the steamship Wairararpa, bound
from Sydney, Australia, to this port,
which was wrecked the night of Oc
tober 23. with the loss of over eighty
lives, was lost through the fault of
Captain Mcintosh, who was among
scaiaea to ucatn oy steam.
Wichita, Kan., Dec 11 Charles
Cunliff, night watchman at the Whit
aker packing plant, was letting off
steam in the lard house last night
when an explosion occurred. In at
tempting to escape through a narrow
passage he ran against an obstruction
and fell, and was literally cooked to
No More Fights in Denver.
Denver, Col., Dec. 1 1. Chief of Po
lice Armstrong has decided to allow
no more prize fights in Denver. The
pugilists who have been giving many
so-called boxing exhibitions here this
winter will be jailed as vagrants if
thev do not leave town.
CHOICE OF SENATORS.
THEIR ELECTION BY DIRECT
VOTE OF THE PEOPLE.
The Subject Thoroughly Discussed by
Senator Turpe In a Carefully Prepared
Speech The Scandal Attending the
Choosing of Senators Under the Pres
ent Method Knough of Itself to Make
a Change Necessary Changes in House
IJy Direct Vote of the People.
Washington, Dec. 7. Upon the
opening of the senate to-day, Mr.
Gorman of Maryland offered a resolu
tion providing that when the senate
adjourn to-day it meet next on Mon-
I day. It was adopted.
I The president's message.in response
i to a senate resolution submitting in
formation as to the arrest of an Ameri
can citizen in Peru was received.
Mr. Turpie of Indiana then took the
floor for a carefully prepared speech
on the resoltnion for the election of
United States senators by direct vote
of the people. He said: "When we
recall the harsh criminations, the
gross charges of pecuniary corruption
and of fraudulent combination
or intrigue, disgraceful and dis
honorable to the whole body,
with which a prolonged senatori
al contest is accompanied wheth
er in party conference or in the
open assembly, the removal of
such procreant evil should be deemed
a prime political necessity. It has
therefore been said that the Grand
Central railway has chosen a senator
in a certain state; that the Grand Cen
tral bank has chosen another else
where, and that the Central Associa
tion of Mining and Manufactur
ers have donated or elected a
third. Nothing is intended to be
assumed here concerning the truth
or falsity of these assertions or ac
cusations. But these malfeasant
charges have an existence. .The way
of this riddance is plain. If the
choice of the constituent members of
this body were left to the mass of
voters in the state, these perilous
criminations would be infinitely les
sened. They would altogether dis
appear. No reasonable grounds could
be given for their support."
At 1:15 o'clock the senate went into
executive session; at 1:55 p. m. ad
journed until Monday. Immediately
after the adjournment the Democrats
went into caucus.
The senate was in executive session
to-day only long enough to permit
the reference of the new Japanese
commercial treaty to the com
mittee on foreign relations,
which was done without reading".
STOCK MEN PROTEST.
They Maine the Tariff on Sugar for Ger
St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 7. The dele
gates to the meeting of the national
live stock exchange to-day prepared
for a session of hard work. The
main purpose of this meeting is to
take action upon the embargo against
American cattle by foreign countries,
especially Germany. Chicago leads
in the number present and every one
of her delegates is aggressive upon
The question of the war upon Amer
ican cattle by foreign countries came
early to the front by the introduction
of a memoria ongress with rela
tion to tUb el.vlMtatc'blf J atfai
Its reading was met with manifest
approval by the entire gathering. '
The presenting of the paper was pre
ceded by an explanation of its pur
pose the obtaining of relief through
congress from the unfortunate em
bargo placed upon a few American
products, notably live stock, dressed
beef and hog products, on account of
the duty imposed by the recent tariff
act upon raw and refined sugars from
Germany, France, Belgium, Denmark
o The paper declares: "From 1390 to
a very recent date, we have enjoyed
a very large business with those
countries, particularly Germany and
France. This was undoubtedly be
cause up to the enactment of the new
tariff, no duty was imposed by the
United States upon raw sugar. Under
those conditions those countries could
well afford to devote their farm
lands .and their efforts to the
raising of beets for sugar produc
tion and depend almost entirely
upon us for their animal food supply.
Heretofore we have been enabled to
send our products to them while they
in return sent raw and refined sugar
to us. The recent placing of a tariff
on raw sugar has destroyed this com
merce for it is an unquestionable fact
that the late action of these countries
is wholly and entirely due to the at
titude of our tariff measures in rela
tion to the exportation of sugars, and
it must be conceded that our live
stock and dressed beef interests will
continue to suffer so long as our pres
ent tariff law remains in force. The
excuse which is given by these for
eign countries for their action in ex
cluding our animal products is
on account of the Texrs fever, but
this is understood to be a mere
subterfuge. From 1S90, when this
exchange of commerce went into ef
fect, up to a recent date, those coun
tries had not discovered an unhealtli3'
animal among all the cargoes which
we have exported, nor a diseased
piece of meat. Indeed, the rigid in
spection in this country which is giv
en to all such products before ship
ment abroad is sufficient guarantee of
quality, and the healthy condition of
all our animals and products, espe
cially when coupled with the fact
that only the best grades of cattle
and dressed beef are exported. As a
matter of fact, we do not export Tex
"The motive of this claim of the
foreign countries mentioned is found
in the fact of our placing this obnox
ions tariff on their raw and refined
sugars, and should this be removed
or modified at once, we know that
there would be no further fault found
with our cattle and hogs. We urge
' immediate action on the part of con
gress toward the repealing the duty
on raw sugar and the modifying of
that on refined, thus restoring our
pleasant commercial relations with
these countries, else the farm
ing industries of this country
will be very greatly crippled,
and our live stock interests
very badlj- injured, as our home con
sumption is not sufficient to absorb
more than a small percentage an
nually of what we raise. Millions of
dollars worth of cattle and hogs and
other products have been exported
annually from this country to Ger
many and other countries, and unless
thisembargo is raised promptly from
our live cattle, dressed beef and hog
products, the loss of this outlet means
great and irreparable injury to us."
The paper, as well as numerous
others, was referred to the proper
The Measure to Provide a Temporary
Washington, Dec. 7. The bill in
troduced in the senate yesterday by
Senator Berry, to provide a tempor
ary government for the portion of the
Indian territory occupied by the five
civilized tribes, provides that a terri
tory shall be formed to be known as
the territory of Indianola. Among
the first provisions made is one to the
effect that any time in the future the
boundaries may be changed or any
portion attached to any other
state or territory by the action
of congress without securing the
consent of the inhabitants of the new
territory. The bill provides for a
governor and a secretary for the ter
ritory, a delegate to congress and a
legislative assembly, the latter to be
composed of a council and house of
representatives, the council to consist
of twenty-one members and the house
of forty-two, the sessions to be held
biennially and to continue for sixty
days. The territory is to be divided
into twentj--one counties.
All male citizens of the Uuited States
who" are actual residents and over 21
years of age are to have the rijrht to
vote, as are also male Indians who
are citizens of any tribe in the terri
tory. It is provided that no law shall
be passed by the legislature interfer
ing with the primary disposal of the
soil or with the titles of the Indians
of the various tribes or their manner
of holding the same. Indian home
steads are made inalienable and are
exempted from taxation.
The bill provides for a complete ju
dicial system, and adopts a large
nuraberof the laws of the state of
Arkansas. All provisions of treaties
heretofore made by the United States
with the civilized tribes, except so
far as the treaties relate to land
titles, are abrogated and repealed,
and all governments established by
the tribes abolished. The lands now
held in common by the several tribes
are to be divided in severalty among
the members of the tribes, each -
have a homestead of 100 acres, and
after this division the residue is to be
sold and the proceeds to be divided
among the Indians.
The twenty-one counties provided
in the bill are to be numbered until
the first general election, when the
people shall vote on the names. The
county-seats as at present fixed are:
South McAlester, Atoka, Oak Lodge,
Talihus, Wheelock. Antlers, Tish
omingo, Stonewall, Ardmore, Wynne
wood, Duncan, Chickasha, Nowata,
Claremont, Tahlequah, Muldrow,
Muskogee, Sapulpa, Wewoka and
The town of South McAlester is
made the capital of the now territory.
The United States attorney and
United States marshal shall each re
ceive S5.000 per year, the clerk of the
supreme court S3.000 per year, and
the clerks of the district courts, 81,
800; the governor, $4,000; the chief
justices and associate justices, 83,000
each and the secretarj', $2,500; the
members of the legislature to receive
$G per day; $2,500 to be appropriated
to defray the contingent expenses of
Five years' imprisonment and $500
fine is provided for anyone introduc
ing intoxicants into the territory.
MANY COMMITTEE CHANGES.
New Places for Houho Members Two
Appropriation 15111 Reported.
Washington. Dec. 7. At the open
ing of the session, of the house
to-day the speaker announced
that the following members had
been relieved from service on the
designated committees at their own
request: Mr. Hicks of Pennsylvania,
from the comm.ttee on levees and
improvements of the Mississippi river;
Mr. Tate of Georgia, from the com
mittee on military affairs; Mr. Sibley
of Pennsylvania, from the committee
on expenditures in the navy depart
ment; Mr. Wheeler of Alabama, from
the committee on military affairs.
He also announced the following com
mittee appointments: Mr. Wheeler
of Alabama, ways and means; Mr.
Sibley of Pennsylvania, appropria
tions; Mr. Harrison of Alabama,
judiciary; Mr. Tate of Georgia, naval
affairs; Mr. Little of Arkansas, Indian
affairs; Mr. Hicks of Pennsylvania,
public buildings; Mr. Tracey of New
York, merchant marine and fisheries;
Mr. Bromwell of Ohio, railwaj's
and canals; Mr. Harter of Ohio,
private land claims; Mr. Robert
son of Louisiana, library; Mr.
Sorg of Ohio, military affairs; Mr.
Bromwell of Ohio, expenditures in
state department; Mr. Griffin of Wis
consin, militia; Mr. Ogden of Louis
iana, levees and improvements of the
Mississppi river; Mr. Moore of Kansas,
militia; Mr. Beckner of Kentucky, ex
penditures in the treasury depart
ment; Mr. Cotlin of Maryland, mile
age: Mr. Henry of Maryland, expendi
tures in the postollice department
and pensions; Mr. Ogden of Iowa,
expenditures in th-j postollice depart
ment; Mr. Collin of Maryland, private
land claims; Mr. Grillin of Wisconsin,
arid lands; Mr. Moore of Kansas, ex
penditures on public buildings.
Mr. Livingston of Georgia, from the
committee on appropriations, reported
the fortifications appropriations bill
and gave notice that he would call it
up as soon as the pooling bill was dis
posed of and Mr. O'Neill of Massachu
setts reported the pension appropria
In the morning hour Mr. McRae of
Arkansas called up the bill to protect
forest reservations which was under
discussion several days during the
last session, but, by agreement, it
went over until to-morrow, and the
consideration of the railroad pooling
bill was resumed under the special
order adopted yesterday."
Mr. Gresham of Texas sup
ported the pooling bill in a
long argument, dwelling upon
that feature which makes compe
tent witness on railway employes as
to violations of the interstate com
merce law. Mr. Bland interrupted
several times with statements of ob
jections. Mr. Morse of Massachusetts read
an address for ten minutes
favoring the passage of the bill,
but contributing neither valu
able argument nor effective influence.
He was received with ironical ap
plause on the Demucratic side.
tots of Whoat Being Fed.
Washington, Dec 7. The returns
from the correspondents of the statis
tical division of the department of
agriculture relative to the amounts
of wheat fed to stock, estimate the
quantity already fed, that is to say,
up to October 30, 46,030,000 bushels,
and the estimated amount to be fed.
29,273,000 busKels, making a total of
Schaefer Not In It With Ives.
Chicago, Dec. 7. Schaefer met de
feat for the third time last night, and
is now so far behind that it seems im
possible for him to win out He could
only succeed in making 424 whila Ives
ran his COO and the latter has the
balls, after making a run of 231,
which enabled him to finish the game.
Ives' total is 1,000, against 1,043 for
GERMANY'S SUGAR PROTEST,
Secretary Gresham Sets Forth the Facts
In the Matter at Length.
Washington. Dec. 7. The president
has sentjto congress the statement of
the German contention in refcrenco
to the discrimination against the im
Dortation in the United States of
German sugar, to which reference
was made in his message. The state
ment is in tho form of a
letter from Secretary Gresham
to the president. In sub
stance this is a recital of theGerman
protest made August 25 against the
additional duty of one-tenth of a cent
per pound, imposed by the Wilson
act, on sugars imported from bounty
paying countries. The secretary re
fers at some length to the negotia
tions between this couutry and Great
Britain about 1341, relative to rice im
portation in which the United States
then assumed a position, finally con
ceded bv Great Britain to be correct,
very similar to that now taken by
Germany in the case of sugar, and in
fact the discriraination in the present
instance is even more pointedly at
variance with the treat- stipulations.
The secretary holds that payment
of a bounty on exported products
cannot be considered in the light of a
discrimination certainly not more so
than the imposing of "a protective
tariff or practically prohibitive duty
on the importation of an article. The
two measures are the sairie in princi
ple; the question as to which shall be
adopted is a matter of domestic pol
icy. Each is intended to create a
national advantage in production or
manufacture and between the two
the bounty is more favorable to the
inhabitantsof foreign countries, sinco
it tends to enable them to get cheaper
articles at the expense of the bounty
in conclusion the secretary says the
additional duty levied on bounty pay
insr sugar by the act of 1S94 is a dis
crimination and an attempt to offset
a domestic favor or encouragement to
a certain industry by the very means
forbidden by the treaty. He assumes,
however, the German government does
not claim that the treaty made with
Prussia in 1S33 affords any just
ground for protest against a Iditional
duties on sugar not shown to be the
uroduct or manufacture of Prussia.
NEW BANKING BILL.
Conference of the Home Committee Re
garding Carlisle's Plans.
Washington, Dec. 7. An important
conference of most of the Democrats
of the house committee on banking
and currency was held after the ad
journment of the house yesterday as
a result of which early action look
ing to the reporting of a banking bill
in line with the scheme presented by
Secretary Carlisle in his message was
taken. Chairman Springer said that
Secretary Carlisle has intimated a de
sire to appear before the committee
himself and has suggested the
names of several persons whom it
may be well for the committee
to call for the purpose of learning
their views. Among the names in
the list furnished by Mr. Carlisle
were those of ex-Secretary Fairchild,
Horace White of the New York Even
ing Post; Mr. St. John of New York
and Geo. A. Butler of New Haven.
Conn. The members present decided
to hold a meeting of the full commit
tee on next Friday when a resolution
will be offered providing an invita
tion be extended to Mr. Carlisle and
Mr. Eckles to appear on Monday and
Tuesda-, respectively, and the other
gentlemen to appear on the remain
ing days of the week.
SIOUX NOT ADVANCING.
Captain Penny Makes a Pessimistic Re
port Concerning Pino Ridge Red.
Washington, Dec 7. According to
Captain C G. Penny's annual report
the Pine Ridge reservation in South
Dakota is fit only for stock raising.
This condition cannot be remedied by
irrigation and the Indians are begin
ning to adopt stock raising as a
business pursuit. "The besetting sin
of the Indians," says the agent, "is
idleness. They are incapable of sus
tained efforts and are shiftless, lazy
and irresponsible. It is a mistake to
send children away from the reserva
tion for purposes of education. They
get a smattering of learning and re
turn out of touch with their people,
speedily losing the accomplishments
they have acquired. Education of
the sexes among the Indians is not
The feeling of ninety per cent of
those on the reservation is outspoken
against taking lands in severalty and
the agent says the allotment of their
lands. a. proposed, would result in
the degradation of the people and
their speedy extinction.
The Indians at the Rosebud agency
in South Dakota are strongly com
mended by Agent J. G. Wright whose
report indicates a material advance
ment in civilization during tho year.
OPENED WITH A STORM.
INGS AS MARKS OF CHARACTER.
ociili4tt Frovoko 1-xcitenieiit at the
1 irst litlng in tho Koiolut:! Hall.
Bki:i.i.v, Dec. 7V The first sitting of
the Reichstag in the new building
was held to-daj. After President Von
Levetzow had made a reminiscent
speech, he called for cheers for the
emperor. The cheers were given
heartily by all except the Socialists,
who remained seated in spite of the
excited angry protests of the other
members. A great uproar followed.
President Yon Levetzow. on assum
ing the presidency, after re-election,
amid the warm applause of the house,
censured the action of the Socialists
in remaining seated when he called
for cheers for the emperor. Such
conduct, he said, was not in conson
ance with the traditions of Germans
or the usages of the house.
Herr Singer attempted to justify
the attitude of the Socialists and
made a bitter personal attack upon
the emperor, which provoked a storm
of indignant protests from other parts
of the house, and Herr Von Levetzow
called him to order.
The house then opened the debate
on the motion to abandon the pend
ing prosecutions of some of the So
cialist members, during which
Freiherr Von Manteuffel inveighed
strongly against the conduct of the
Socialists. The reichstag finally ad
journed until Tuesday, when the
budget will be introduced.
To Shut Out Our Oil.
Washington, Dec. 7. Germany has
taken the initiative step towards cur
tailing the importation of another
American product, in the proposition
now before the bundesrath to enor
mously increase tho duty on cotton
seed oil. The proposition is to in
crease the present duty, which is $1,
to S2.50, equivalent to a duty of 250
per cent, and as the proposition is
supported by the agrarian and pro
tectionist industrial parties, there
can be little doubt that it will suc
ceed. The subject is treated at length
in a report to the stat? department
by United States Consul Merrit
Vo the Skilled Eye a Woman la Re
vealed by Her RIbk Tray.
Almost everything a woman does or
says or wears is magnified by some one
into an indication of character. She
wears a certuin style of shoe or wears
It In a certain way, and some one dis
covers that she Is vain and a spend
thrift. She wears her glove out in
the thumb and some one else discovers
that she is cruel or something else.
She has a fondness for laces and is
dubbed old-fashioned; she indulges In
studs and is called masculine. The poor
thing can wear nothing without having
some one consider her doing so por
tentous. Her rings are no exception to
the rule. The professional finder of
character in tritles can give almost a
Sherlock Holmes resume of a woman's
disposition and history from the sight
of her jewel tray.
Is she very fond of solitaires? She
is newly rich ami anxious to display
her wealth, proclaims the character
reader. Is she fond of the ordinary,
fashionable stones in the ordinary, fash
iouable settings; She is commonplace.
A woman who. with money enough to
buy a marquise ring of sapphires and
diamonds, has not enough originality
to buy something else, is distinctly com
monplace according to the interpreter
Does she wear tall settings ou a pud
gy little finger, making it look pudgier
than ever? She is inartistic. Does she
wear white pearls and crystal clear
diamonds on a hand that Is not as
white as milk? She Is worse thau in
artistic Does she wear oblong bands
of stones instead of tall vertical one"?
She begins to show gleams of original
ity and good taste. Does she have
her stones sunk into quaint silver set
tings or old-fashioned chased gold
ones? There is hope for her in an
artistic sense. Does she wear opals?
She is venturesome. Who but a daring
woman would defy superstition? Is
she particularly attached to deep red
stones-rubies, carbuncles, garnets? She
is of a forceful nature, says the char
acter reader. Red Is the color beloved
of people of passionate dispositions.
Is she fond of sapphires? She is earn
est, truthful, constant, iutclh'ctual.
Does she wear but one ring, eschew
ing all others? She is sentimental.
Does she wear a great mauy? She is
vulgar, or at best frivolous. Does s.ie
wear none at all? She is poor!
So whatever she may do, the poor
thing is harshly interpreted. She might
as well, therefore, keep on doing what
During the progress of the search ex
pedition in the Slnatic desert for Prof.
E. H. Palmer, who, with his two Eng
lish companions, was basely murdered
by native tribes, a strict watch was
kept about the camp at night to. avoid
a surprise from the treacherous Arabs.
The search party consisted of three En
glishmen and their escort, composed
mainly of Bedouins. The author of
"Man-Hunting In the Desert" relates
an incident connected with the night
On of our number, being little in
clined to sleep, strayed somewhat away
from the camp into the . moonlight,
when he was suddenly approached by
one of the Bedouin sentries, who, bring
ing his Remington rifle to his shoulder,
presented the muzzle at our friend,
and shouted some challenge In Arabic.
The victim of this display of vigilance
grasped the situation, and at once real
ized his d:uiger. Not a word of Arabic
could he recall and the fellow
was liable to shoot the next instant.
"Here, you fellow I Don't be a fool!
Don't shoot!" the Englishman shouted.
The Bedouin understood not a word
of this, but remained motionless, finger
to trigger, the" moon plainly revealing
the precision of his aim.
The situation was awkward; our
friend felt anything but comfortable
as he stood facing that ugly-looking
muzzle, not daring to retreat or ad
vance. Racking his brain for an Ara
bic word, he at last succeeded iu pro
ducing the sentence:
"Ana Ingllze" iu pigeon Arabic.
To his infinite relief, the guard low
ered his rifle with the ejaculation, "Wa
had Kawadja," which our friend con
strued as a permit to pass on.
Iloand to Snvp Him.
Exceptions prove the rule, and he
wrong conclusion which a dog may
reach from wrong premises may be
the best proof that he possesses reason
ing power. The following story shows
plainly that the dog in the case lacked
information, but not the faculty of
When the Gloucester lifeboat was
launched in 1SU7. it was deemed neces
sary for two men to throw themselves
into the deep sea in order to show the
great utility of cork jackets in keeping
the upper part of their bodies above
Amongst the thousand of spectators
who were watching the men tloating
about was a Newfoundland dog, who
became much excited at what he, no
doubt, considered to be the perilous
condition of the men.
The dog ran hither and thither, bark
ing furiously, and in his best ami most
emphatic canine language trying his
very best to prevail upon some one in
that large multitude of human beings
to go to the men's asiistanc".
Finding no one to go, splash into
the water went the dog, and swam
directly to the men, one of whom he
caught by the sleeve, with the inten
tion of helping him out of the danger.
A struggle ensued; the man tried
to shske the dog off, but it was of no
avail. The dog would not give up his
hold, and finally two men in a small
boat were obliged to go to the rescue.
A Cramberry Do
The men. women, and children ot
Cape Cod earn considerable money ev
ery autumn by picking cranberries In
the bogs. A large portion of the cape
Is bog land, which was practically
worthless a few years ago. Thousands
of acres hare been reclaimed, and ex
tensive cranberry bogs have been con
structed at a cost of from $250 to $300
There Is now ac ranberry belt extend
ing along the north shore of Buzzard
Bay and the southern part of Cape Cod.
This region has become one of the
greatest cranberry-growing districts of
The cranberry-growers make great
preparations for the small army of peo
ple which must be housed and fed dur
ing the picking season. The accomoda
tions are rather rude and primitive.
Some of the pickers live In board cab
ins, but most of them dwell In tents.
It is a curious and novel sight to see
several hundred pickers In camp about
The cranberry-pickers are out In the
bogs soon after day-break and they re
main as lopg as they can see a berry.
In large cranberry bogs, .where several
hundred people are at work, the pick
ers are dlvd into companies, each
company consisting of V2Q persons.
They aro in caarge of a "boss." who
keeps account of the amount each pick-
er gathers during the day.